(xi) Self-defence, rape resistance, and other strategies among women

Key overviews

Cermele, J., & McCaughey, M. (2022). Self-Defense as an Effective and Neglected Form of Sexual Assault Prevention: A Commentary and Overdue Correction to the Literature. Sex Roles, 86(9), 493-503. doi:10.1007/s11199-022-01284-3

Gidycz, C. A., & Dardis, C. M. (2014). Feminist self-defense and resistance training for college students: A critical review and recommendations for the future. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 15(4), 322-333.

Hollander, J. A. (2018). Women’s selfdefense and sexual assault resistance: The state of the field. Sociology Compass, 12(8), e12597.

Hollander, J. A. (2018). Empowerment self-defense. In Sexual Assault Risk Reduction and Resistance (pp. 221-244). Academic Press.

Kelly, L., & Sharp-Jeffs, N. (2016). Knowledge and Know-how: the Role of Self-defence in the Prevention of Violence against Women. Project Report. EU Parliament, Brussels, Brussels.

Kerr-Wilson, A.; Gibbs, A.; McAslan Fraser E.; Ramsoomar, L.; Parke, A.; Khuwaja, HMA.; and Rachel Jewkes. (2020). A rigorous global evidence review of interventions to prevent violence against women and girls. Pretoria, South Africa: What Works to prevent violence among women and girls global Programme. (See pp. 39-41)


Further works

Anderson, RaeAnn E., and Shawn P. Cahill. (2015). Behavioral response to threat (BRTT) as a key behavior for sexual assault risk reduction intervention: A critical review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 25: 304-313.

Ball, K., & Martin, J. (2012). Self-defense training and traditional martial arts: Influences on self-efficacy and fear related to sexual victimization. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 1(2), 135.

Basile, K. C. (2022). Effective Empowerment-Based Training Is One Approach Identified in CDC’s STOP-SV Technical Package as Part of Comprehensive, Multi-Sector Prevention of Sexual Violence: A Response to Ullman(2020). Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 31(4), 562-567. doi:10.1080/10926771.2022.2046224

Beres, M. A., Treharne, G. J., Stewart, K., Flett, J., Rahman, M., & Lillis, D. (2019). A mixed-methods pilot study of the EAAA rape resistance programme for female undergraduate students in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Women's Studies Journal, 33(1/2), 8-24.

Berke, D. S., & DeFour, D. (2021). Teaching About Empowerment Self-Defense Training for Sexual Assault Prevention: Recommendations for Feminist Instruction in Psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 45(3), 387-394. doi:10.1177/0361684321998396

Brecklin, L. R. (2008). Evaluation outcomes of self-defense training for women: A review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13(1): 60-76.

Brecklin, L. R., & Bryant-Davis, T. C. (2011). The benefits of self-defense training for sexual assault survivors. Surviving sexual violence: A guide to recovery and empowerment, 276-295.

Brecklin, L.R. & Middendorf, R.K. (2014). The group dynamics of women’s self-defense training. Violence Against Women, 20(3), pp. 326–342. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24626767.

Breitenbecher, K.H., and M. Scarce. (2001). An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Sexual Assault Education Program Focusing on Psychological Barriers to Resistance. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(5): 387-407.

Cahill, A.J. (2009). In Defense of Self-Defense. Philosophical Papers, 38(3), pp. 363–380.

Caignon, Denise, and Gail Grovers. (1987). Her Wits About her: Self-Defense Success Stories by Women. New York: Harper and Row.

Cermele, J. (2010). Telling our stories: The importance of women’s narratives of resistance. Violence Against Women, 16(10), 1162-1172.

Cermele, J. A. (2004). Teaching resistance to teach resistance: The use of self-defense in teaching undergraduates about gender violence. Feminist Teacher, 15(1), 1-15. .

Cermele, J., & McCaughey, M. (2015). What’s Wrong with the CDC’s Public Health Model for Rape Prevention. J Community Med Health, 5(387), 2161-0711.

Crann, S. E., Senn, C. Y., Radtke, H. L., & Hobden, K. L. (2022). “I Felt Powerful and Confident”: Women’s Use of What They Learned in Feminist Sexual Assault Resistance Education. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 46(2), 147-161. doi:10.1177/03616843211043948

Decker, M. R., Wood, S. N., Ndinda, E., Yenokyan, G., Sinclair, J., Maksud, N., ... & Ndirangu, M. (2018). Sexual violence among adolescent girls and young women in Malawi: a cluster-randomized controlled implementation trial of empowerment self-defense training. BMC public health, 18(1), 1341.

Downs, W., Rindels, B., & Atkinson, C. (2007). Women’s use of physical and nonphysical self-defense strategies during incidents of partner violence. Violence Against Women, 13, 28-45.

Edwards, K. M., Siller, L., Wheeler, L. A., Charge, L. L., Charge, D. P. L., Bordeaux, S., ... & Simon, B. (2021). Effectiveness of a sexual assault self-defense program for American Indian girls. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260521997942.

Fleetwood, J. (2019). Everyday selfdefence: Hollaback narratives, habitus and resisting street harassment. The British Journal of Sociology, 70(5), 1709-1729.

Gidycz, C. A., Lynn, S. J., Rich, C. L., Marioni, N. L., Loh, C., Blackwell, L. M., ... & Pashdag, J. (2001). The evaluation of a sexual assault risk reduction program: A multisite investigation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(6), 1073.

Gidycz, C. A., McNamara, J. R., & Edwards, K. M. (2006). Women’s risk perception and sexual victimization: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11(5), 441-456.

Gidycz, C. A., Van Wynsberghe, A., & Edwards, K. M. (2008). Prediction of women’s utilization of resistance strategies in a sexual assault situation: A prospective study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(5), 571-588.

Gidycz, C.A., M.J. Layman, C.L. Rich, M. Crothers, J. Gylys, A. Matorin, and C.D. Jacobs. (2001). An Evaluation of an Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program: Impact on Attitudes, Sexual Aggression, and Sexual Victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(11): 1120-1138.

Gidycz, C.A., Rich, C.L., Orchowski, L., King, C., & Miller, A.K. (2006). The evaluation of a sexual assault self-defense and risk-reduction program for college women: A prospective study. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 30, 173-186.

Gilmore, A. K., Lewis, M. A., & George, W. H. (2015). A Randomized Controlled Trial Targeting Alcohol Use and Sexual Assault Risk among College Women at High Risk for Victimization. Behaviour research and therapy, 74, 38-49.

Hall, R. (2004). It Can Happen to You: Rape Prevention in the Age of Risk Management. Hypatia, 19(3), pp. 1–19.

Heyden, S.M. et al., (1999). Fighting Back Works: The Case for Advocating and Teaching Self-Defense against Rape. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 70(5), pp.31–34. Available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07303084.1999.10605931.

Hines, D. A., & Palm Reed, K. M. (2015). An Experimental Evaluation of Peer versus Professional Educators of a Bystander Program for the Prevention of Sexual and Dating Violence among College Students. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 24(3), 279-298. doi:10.1080/10926771.2015.1009601

Hollander, J. A. (2009). The Roots of Resistance to Women’s Self-Defense. Violence Against Women, 15(5): 574-594.

Hollander, J. A. (2010). Why do women take self-defense classes?. Violence Against Women, 16(4), 459-478.

Hollander, J. A. (2014). Does self-defense training prevent sexual violence against women?. Violence against women, 20(3), 252-269.

Hollander, J. A. (2016). The importance of self-defense training for sexual violence prevention. Feminism & Psychology, 26(2), 207-226.

Hollander, J. A., & Cunningham, J. (2020). Empowerment Self-Defense Training in a Community Population. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 44(2), 187-202.

Hollander, J. A., & Rodgers, K. (2014, June). Constructing Victims: The Erasure of Women’s Resistance to Sexual Assault. Sociological Forum, 29(2): 342-364.

Hollander, J.A. (2005). Challenging Despair: Teaching About Women’s Resistance to Violence. Violence Against Women, 11(6), pp.776–791.

Holtzman, M., & Menning, C. L. (2019). Developments in sexual assault resistance education: Combining risk reduction and primary prevention. Journal of Applied Social Science, 13(1), 7-25.

Jeffrey, N. K., Senn, C. Y., Hobden, K. L., Barata, P. C., McVey, G. L., Radtke, H. L., & Eliasziw, M. (2022). Evaluation of the Transfer of Training for a Sexual Assault Resistance Program Enhanced with Sexuality Education. Sexuality Research and Social Policy. doi:10.1007/s13178-022-00749-0

Jordan, J. & Mossman, E. (2016). Skills for Safety: An evaluation of the value, impact and outcomes of girls’ and women’s self defence in the community, Wellington.

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Jordan, J., & Mossman, E. (2018). “Back off buddy, this is my body, not yours”: empowering girls through self-defense. Violence against women, 24(13), 1591-1613.

Jordan, J., & Mossman, E. (2019). “Get Out of My Home and Don’t Come Back!” Empowering Women Through Self-Defense. Violence Against Women, 25(3), 313-336.

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McCaughey, M., & Cermele, J. (2017). Changing the hidden curriculum of campus rape prevention and education: Women’s self-defense as a key protective factor for a public health model of prevention. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 18(3), 287-302.

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