(xx) Prevention in the military, in war, and in conflict and post-conflict settings (NEW)

Note also see sections of the Men’s Bibliography on violence against women in the military or the contexts of war and militarism, general references on gender, war, and militarism, men, masculinity, war and militarism, and so on. See here.


Key overviews

Gidycz, C. A., Wyatt, J., Galbreath, N. W., Axelrad, S. H., & McCone, D. R. (2018). Sexual Assault Prevention in the Military: Key Issues and Recommendations. Military Psychology, 30(3), 240-251.

Orchowski, L. M., Berry-Cabán, C. S., Prisock, K., Borsari, B., & Kazemi, D. M. (2018). Evaluations of Sexual Assault Prevention Programs in Military Settings: A Synthesis of the Research Literature. Military Medicine, 183(suppl_1), 421-428.


Further works

Adelman, M. (2003). The Military, Militarism, and the Militarization of Domestic Violence. Violence Against Women, 9(9): 1118-1152.

Asgary, R., Emery, E., & Wong, M. (2013). Systematic review of prevention and management strategies for the consequences of gender-based violence in refugee settings. International Health, 5(2), 85-91.

Asghar, K., Rubenstein, B., & Stark, L. (2017). Preventing Household Violence: Promising Strategies for Humanitarian Settings. Care and Protection of Children (CPC) Learning Network New York City, NY.

Christian, Chad R. (2013). Applying Principles of Counterinsurgency to the Fight Against Sexual Assault in the Military. Military Review, November-December: 67-74. Retrieved from http://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/MilitaryReview/Archives/English/MilitaryReview_20131231_art012.pdf, January 1, 2016.

Cockburn, C., and D. Zarkov. (eds.). (2002). The Postwar Moment: Militaries, Masculinities and International Peacekeeping. Lawrence and Wishart.

Department of Defence. (2012). Pathway to Change: Evolving Defence Culture – A Strategy for Cultural Change and Reinforcement. Canberra, A.C.T. : Department of Defence.

Falb, K. L., Tanner, S., Ward, L., Erksine, D., Noble, E., Assazenew, A., et al. (2016). Creating opportunities through mentorship, parental involvement, and safe spaces (COMPASS) program: multi-country study protocol to protect girls from violence in humanitarian settings. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 231.

Flatland, S. R. (2020). Evaluation of US Army SHARP Training. University of Wisconsin-Stout,

Flood, M. (2014). Healthy Relationship and Sexual Ethics Program Curriculum. Canberra: Australian Defence Force (ADF).

Flood, Michael. (2018). Changing Men’s Organisations. Chapter 9 in Engaging Men and Boys in Violence Prevention. Palgrave Macmillan. URL: https://xyonline.net/content/new-book-engaging-men-and-boys-violence-prevention.

Foubert, J.D., and R.C. Masin (2012). Effects of the Men’s Program on U.S. Army soldiers’ intentions to commit and willingness to intervene to prevent rape: a pretest posttest study. Violence and Victims, 27(6): 911-21.

García-Moreno, C. (2014). Responding to sexual violence in conflict. The Lancet, 383(9934), 2023-2024.

Gedney, C. R., Wood, D. S., Lundahl, B., & Butters, R. P. (2015). Sexual Assault Prevention Efforts in the US Air Force: A Systematic Review and Content Analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260515608801.

Gibbs, A., Corboz, J., Shafiq, M., Marofi, F., Mecagni, A., Mann, C., et al. (2018). An individually randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of the Women for Women International Programme in reducing intimate partner violence and strengthening livelihoods amongst women in Afghanistan: trial design, methods and baseline findings. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 164.

González-Prats, M. C. (2017). Accountability, Complacency, or Obfuscation? An Analysis of the US Military’s Prevention and Response Efforts to Military Sexual Trauma. Public Integrity, 19(5), 483-499.

Holland, K. J., Rabelo, V. C., & Cortina, L. M. (2014). Sexual Assault Training in the Military: Evaluating Efforts to End the “Invisible War”. American Journal of Community Psychology, 54(3-4), 289-303.

Hossain, M., Zimmerman, C., & Watts, C. (2014). Preventing violence against women and girls in conflict. Lancet (London, England), 383(9934), 2021.

Kanuha, V.K., P. Erwin, and E. Pence. (2004). Strange Bedfellows: Feminist Advocates and U.S. Marines Working to End Violence. Affilia, 19(4): 358-375.

Kelley, ML, Schwerin MJ, Farrar KL, and Lane ME. (2005). An evaluation of a sexual assault prevention and advocacy program for U.S. Navy personnel. Military Medicine, 170(4): 320-326.

Kronsell, A., & Svedberg, E. (2011). Making gender, making war: violence, military and peacekeeping practices (Vol. 6): Routledge.

Kronsell, Annica. (2012). Gender, Sex and the Postnational Defense: Militarism and Peacekeeping. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Layton, J. S. (2019). Informing Military Sexual Violence Prevention: An Exploration of Individual, Relational, and Cultural Factors. Thesis.

Lyytikäinen, M. (2007). Gender training for peacekeepers: Preliminary overview of United Nations peace support operations. Santo Domingo: UN-INSTRAW

Mackay, A. (2003). Training the uniforms: gender and peacekeeping operations. Development in Practice, 13(2&3), 217-223.

Marsh, M., Purdin, S., & Navani, S. (2006). Addressing sexual violence in humanitarian emergencies. Global Public Health, 1(2), 133-146.

McConnell, M. (2019). Organizational Power and Organizational Tolerance of Sexual Harassment: The Effects on Bystanders in the Military.

Noble, E., Ward, L., French, S., & Falb, K. (2017). State of the evidence: A systematic review of approaches to reduce gender-based violence and support the empowerment of adolescent girls in humanitarian settings. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838017699601.

Orme, C.W. (2011). Beyond Compliance: Professionalism, Trust and Capability in the Australian Profession of arms: Report of the ADF Personal Conduct Review. Canberra, A.C.T. : Department of Defence.

Potter, S. J., and J.G. Stapleton. (2012). Translating sexual assault prevention from a college campus to a United States military installation: piloting the know-your-power bystander social marketing campaign. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(8): 1593-621.

Potter, S. J., and M.M. Moynihan. (2011). Bringing in the bystander to U.S. Military installation: Results from a pilot study. Military Medicine, 176: 870-875.

Rau, T. J., Merrill, L. L., McWhorter, S. K., Stander, V. A., Thomsen, C. J., Dyslin, C. W., Crouch, J. L., Rabenhorst, M. M. & Milner, J. S. (2011). Evaluation of a sexual assault education/prevention program for female US Navy personnel. Military Medicine, 176(10), 1178-1183.

Rau, T. J., Merrill, L. L., McWhorter, S. K., Stander, V. A., Thomsen, C. J., Dyslin, C. W., Crouch, J. L., Rabenhorst, M. M. & Milner, J. S. (2010). Evaluation of A Sexual Assault Education/Prevention Program for Male US Navy Personnel. Military Medicine, 175(6): 429-434.

Read-Hamilton, S., & Marsh, M. (2016). The Communities Care programme: changing social norms to end violence against women and girls in conflict-affected communities. Gender & Development, 24(2), 261-276.

Robbers, G. M. L., & Morgan, A. (2017). Programme potential for the prevention of and response to sexual violence among female refugees: a literature review. Reproductive Health Matters, 25(51), 69-89.

Seymour, M., Crockett, C. (2020, September 9). Confronting digital misogyny: Why the military’s #METOO moment must tackle cyberharassment. Center for a New American Security (CNAS)

Skopp, N. A., Roggenkamp, H., Hoyt, T. V., Major, H. M., & Williams, T. J. (2020). Army Sexual Harassment/Sexual Assault Response & Prevention Program (SHARP) Tiger Team: A Model to Inform Prevention. Military Behavioral Health, 8(1), 64-73.

Spangaro, J., Adogu, C., Ranmuthugala, G., Davies, G. P., Steinacker, L., & Zwi, A. (2013). What evidence exists for initiatives to reduce risk and incidence of sexual violence in armed conflict and other humanitarian crises? A systematic review. PLoS One, 8(5), e62600.

Spangaro, J., Adogu, C., Zwi, A.B., Ranmuthugala, G., & Davies, G.P. (2015). Mechanisms underpinning interventions to reduce sexual violence in armed conflict: A realist-informed systematic review. Conflict and Health, 9(1): 1-14.

Stander, V. A., & Thomsen, C. J. (2016). Sexual Harassment and Assault in the US Military: A Review of Policy and Research Trends. Military Medicine, 181(suppl_1), 20-27.

Tappis, H., Freeman, J., Glass, N., & Doocy, S. (2016). Effectiveness of interventions, programs and strategies for gender-based violence prevention in refugee populations: an integrative review. PLoS Currents, 8.

Urben, Heidi A. (2014). Extending SHARP [Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention] Best Practices: Does a Dearth of Published Lessons Learned Reflect Disinterest in the Ranks? Military Review, 92(2): 29-32.

Vargas, S. E., Norris, C., Landoll, R. R., Crone, B., Clark, M. F., Quinlan, J. D., & Guthrie, K. M. (2020). Interventions to Improve Sexual and Reproductive Health in US Active Duty Military Service Members: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Health Promotion, 0890117120908511.

Yount, K. M., Krause, K. H., & Miedema, S. S. (2017). Preventing gender-based violence victimization in adolescent girls in lower-income countries: systematic review of reviews. Social Science & Medicine.