12. Male peer support, peer networks

Note: Also see the section on Groups, gangs, fraternities, and violence against women.


Collibee, C., Rizzo, C., Bleiweiss, K., & Orchowski, L. M. (2019). The Influence of Peer Support for Violence and Peer Acceptance of Rape Myths on Multiple Forms of Interpersonal Violence among Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Dardis, C. M., Murphy, M. J., Bill, A. C., & Gidycz, C. A. (2016). An Investigation of the Tenets of Social Norms Theory as They Relate to Sexually Aggressive Attitudes and Sexual Assault Perpetration: A Comparison of Men and Their Friends. Psychology of Violence, 6(1), 163.

DeKeseredy, W. (2017). Explaining campus violence against women: An examination of unhealthy masculinity and male peer support. In C. Kaukinen, M. Miller, & R. Powers (Eds.), Addressing Violence Against Women on College Campuses (pp. 45–65). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

DeKeseredy, W., and M. Schwartz. (2013). Male peer support and violence against women: The history and verification of a theory. Northeastern University Press, Boston.

DeKeseredy, W., Donnermeyer, J. F., Schwartz, M. D., Tunnell, K. D., & Hall, M. (2007). Thinking Critically About Rural Gender Relations: Toward a Rural Masculinity Crisis/Male Peer Support Model of Separation/Divorce Sexual Assault. Critical Criminology, 15(4), 295-311.

DeKeseredy, Walter S. (1990). Male Peer Support and Woman Abuse: The current state of knowledge. Sociological Focus, 23(2), May.

DeKeseredy, Walter S., and Martin D. Schwartz. (1993). Male Peer Support and Woman Abuse: An Expansion of Dekeseredy’s Model. Sociological Spectrum, Volume 13 Issue 4, October-December, pp. 393-413.

Durán, M., Megías, J. L., & Moya, M. (2018). Male Peer Support to Hostile Sexist Attitudes Influences Rape Proclivity. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(14), 2180-2196. 10.1177/0886260515624212

Franklin, C. A., Bouffard, L. A., & Pratt, T. C. (2012). Sexual Assault on the College Campus: Fraternity Affiliation, Male Peer Support, and Low Self-Control. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39(11), 1457-1480.

Godenzi, A., M.D. Schwartz, and W.S. Dekeseredy. (2001). Toward a Gendered Social Bond/Male Peer Support Theory of University Woman Abuse. Critical Criminology, 10(1): 1-16.

Harway, M., & Steel, J. H. (2015). Studying masculinity and sexual assault across organizational culture groups: Understanding perpetrators. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 6(4), 374-378.Hertzog, J. L., & Rowley, R. L. (2014). My Beliefs of My Peers’ Beliefs: Exploring the Gendered Nature of Social Norms in Adolescent Romantic Relationships. Journal of interpersonal violence, 29(2), 348-368.

Jacques-Tiura, A. J., Abbey, A., Wegner, R., Pierce, J., Pegram, S. E., & Woerner, J. (2015). Friends Matter: Protective and Harmful Aspects of Male Friendships Associated with Past-Year Sexual Aggression in a Community Sample of Young Men. American journal of public health, 105(5), 1001-1007.

Mulawa, M. I., Kajula, L. J., & Maman, S. (2018). Peer Network Influence on Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration among Urban Tanzanian Men. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 20(4), 474-488.

Mulawa, M. I., Kajula, L. J., & Maman, S. (2018). Peer Network Influence on Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration among Urban Tanzanian Men. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 20(4), 474-488. 10.1080/13691058.2017.1357193

Mulawa, M. I., Reyes, H. L. M., Foshee, V. A., Halpern, C. T., Martin, S. L., Kajula, L. J., & Maman, S. (2018). Associations between Peer Network Gender Norms and the Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence among Urban Tanzanian Men: A Multilevel Analysis. Prevention Science, 19(4), 427-436.

Ramirez, M., Paik, A., Sanchagrin, K., & Heimer, K. (2012). Violent Peers, Network Centrality, and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration by Young Men. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51(5), 503-509. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.02.016

Rosen, L. N., Kaminski, R. J., Parmley, A. M., Knudson, K. H., & Fancher, P. (2003). The Effects of Peer Group Climate on Intimate Partner Violence among Married Male U.S. Army Soldiers. Violence Against Women, 9(9), 1045-1071. 10.1177/1077801203255504

Schwartz, Martin D., and Walter S. DeKeseredy. (1997). Sexual Assault on the College Campus: The Role of Male Peer Support. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Schwartz, Martin D., Walter S. DeKeseredy, David Tait, and Shahid Alvi. (2001). Male peer support and a feminist routine activities theory: Understanding sexual assault on the college campus. Justice Quarterly, 18(3), September.

Seabrook, R. C., & Ward, L. M. (2019). Bros Will Be Bros? The Effect of Fraternity Membership on Perceived Culpability for Sexual Assault. Violence Against Women, 25(12), 1471-1490. doi:10.1177/1077801218820196

Strang, E., & Peterson, Z. D. (2013). The Relationships among Perceived Peer Acceptance of Sexual Aggression, Punishment Certainty, and Sexually Aggressive Behavior. Journal of interpersonal violence, 28(18), 3369-3385.

Swartout, K. (2013). The Company They Keep: How Peer Networks Influence Male Sexual Aggression. Psychology of Violence, 3(2), 157-171.

Waterman, E. A., Wesche, R., Leavitt, C. E., & Lefkowitz, E. S. (2019). Fraternity membership, traditional masculinity ideologies, and impersonal sex: Selection and socialization effects. Psychology of Men & Masculinities.