08. Class, socioeconomic inequalities, deprivation, neighbourhood context

Note: For materials on employment and unemployment, see here. For materials on economic empowerment as a prevention and reduction strategy, see here.


Neighbourhood factors: Key reviews

Armstead, T. L., Wilkins, N., & Doreson, A. (2018). Indicators for evaluating community-and societal-level risk and protective factors for violence prevention: Findings from a review of the literature. Journal of public health management and practice: JPHMP, 24(Suppl 1 Injury And Violence Prevention), S42.

Armstead, T. L., Wilkins, N., & Nation, M. (2019). Structural and social determinants of inequities in violence risk: A review of indicators. Journal of community psychology.

Johnson, R. M., Parker, E. M., Rinehart, J., Nail, J., & Rothman, E. F. (2015). Neighborhood factors and dating violence among youth: A systematic review. American journal of preventive medicine, 49(3), 458-466.

Kiss, L., Schraiber, L. B., Hossain, M., Watts, C., & Zimmerman, C. (2015). The link between community-based violence and intimate partner violence: The effect of crime and male aggression on intimate partner violence against women. Prevention Science, 16(6), 881-889.

Nation, M., & Wendel, M. (2021). Structural marginalization and violence: Advancing research on how community structure contributes to violence and violence prevention. Journal of Community Psychology, 49(4), 874-877. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22553

Pinchevsky, G. M., & Wright, E. M. (2012). The impact of neighborhoods on intimate partner violence and victimization. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 13(2), 112-132

Piscitelli, A., & Doherty, S. (2019). The social disorganization of intimate partner violence. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 4(2), 37-41.

Spencer, C. M., Mendez, M., & Stith, S. M. (2019). The role of income inequality on factors associated with male physical intimate partner violence perpetration: A meta-analysis. Aggression and violent behavior, 48, 116-123. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2019.08.010

VanderEnde, KE, Yount KM, Dynes MM et al. (2012). Community-level correlates of intimate partner violence against women globally: a systematic review. Social Science & Medicine, vol. 75, no. 7, pp. 1143-1155.

Voith, L. A. (2019). Understanding the relation between neighborhoods and intimate partner violence: An integrative review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 20(3), 385-397.


Further works

Aaltonen, M., Kivivuori, J., Martikainen, P., & Salmi, V. (2012). Socio-Economic Status and Criminality as Predictors of Male Violence: Does Victim’s Gender or Place of Occurrence Matter?. British Journal of Criminology, 52(6), 1192-1211.

Ackerman, J., & Love, T. (2014). Ethnic group differences in police notification about intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women, 20(2), 162-185.Benson, M. L., Fox, G. L., DeMaris, A., & Van Wyk, J. (2003). Neighborhood disadvantage, individual economic distress and violence against women in intimate relationships. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 19(3): 207-235.

Benson, M., & Fox, G. L. (2004). When violence hits home: How economics and neighborhood play a role, research in brief. National Institute of Hustice, 205004.

Blumenstein, L., & Jasinski, J. L. (2015). Intimate partner assault and structural-level correlates of crime: Exploring the relationship between contextual factors and intimate partner violence. Criminal justice studies, 28(2), 186-210.

Bushover, B., Miller, E., Bair-Merritt, M., Abebe, K., & Culyba, A. (2020). Physical environment and violence perpetration among male youth in Pittsburgh: a spatial analysis. Injury Prevention, 26(6), 588-592.

Carpenter, R. K., & Stinson, J. D. (2022). Neighborhood-Level Predictors of Sexual Violence Across Intimate Partner and Non-Intimate Partner Relationships: A Case–Control Study. Sexual Abuse, 34(6), 716-743. doi:10.1177/10790632211051680

Chang, L. Y., Foshee, V. A., Reyes, H. L. M., Ennett, S. T., & Halpern, C. T. (2015). Direct and indirect effects of neighborhood characteristics on the perpetration of dating violence across adolescence. Journal of youth and adolescence, 44(3), 727-744.

Copp, J. E., Giordano, P. C., Manning, W. D., & Longmore, M. A. (2019, September). Neighborhood norms, disadvantage, and intimate partner violence perpetration. In Sociological forum (Vol. 34, No. 3, pp. 594-615).

Culyba, A. J., Miller, E., Albert, S. M., & Abebe, K. Z. (2019). Co-occurrence of violence-related risk and protective behaviors and adult support among male youth in urban neighborhoods. JAMA network open, 2(9), e1911375-e1911375.

Edwards, K. M., & Neal, A. M. (2017). School and community characteristics related to dating violence victimization among high school youth. Psychology of violence, 7(2), 203.

Evans, Susan. (2005). Beyond gender: Class, poverty and domestic violence. Australian Social Work, v.58, no.1, Mar: 36-43.

Foshee, V. A., Chang, L. Y., Reyes, H. L. M., Chen, M. S., & Ennett, S. T. (2015). The synergy of family and neighborhood on rural dating violence victimization. American journal of preventive medicine, 49(3), 483-491.

Garthe, R. C., GormanSmith, D., Gregory, J., & E. Schoeny, M. (2018). Neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and dating violence among urban adolescents: The mediating role of neighborhood social processes. American journal of community psychology, 61(3-4), 310-320.

Goodson, A., & Bouffard, L. A. (2019). Social disorganization and gender equality as correlates of family violence and rape. Journal of crime and justice, 42(3), 274-287.

Gracia, E., López-Quílez, A., Marco, M., & Lila, M. (2018). Neighborhood characteristics and violence behind closed doors: The spatial overlap of child maltreatment and intimate partner violence. PLoS one, 13(6).

Gracia, E., López-Quílez, A., Marco, M., Lladosa, S., & Lila, M. (2015). The spatial epidemiology of intimate partner violence: do neighborhoods matter?. American journal of epidemiology, 182(1), 58-66.

Guarino, D. (2021). When Privilege Meets Pain: How Gender Oppression and Class Privilege Condition University Students’ Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence (Doctoral dissertation, Université d’Ottawa/University of Ottawa).

Hapsari, D., Effendi, S., & Yanti, M. (2019). Neighborhood Disadvantage and Violence against Woman in South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 13(3), 30-46.

Hatcher, A. M., Stöckl, H., McBride, R. S., Khumalo, M., & Christofides, N. (2019). Pathways from food insecurity to intimate partner violence perpetration among peri-urban men in South Africa. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 56(5), 765-772.

Hayes, B. E., & Franklin, C. A. (2017). Community effects on women’s help-seeking behaviour for intimate partner violence in India: gender disparity, feminist theory, and empowerment. International journal of comparative and applied criminal justice, 41(1-2), 79-94.

Jackson, A. L. (2016). The combined effect of women’s neighborhood resources and collective efficacy on IPV. Journal of Marriage and Family, 78(4), 890-907.

Kaukinen, C. and Powers, R. (2015) The Role of Economic Factors on Women’s Risk for Intimate Partner Violence: A Cross-National Comparison of Canada and the United States. Violence Against Women, Vol. 21(2) 229 –248; Fahmy E, Williamson E. Poverty and domestic violence and abuse (DVA) in the UK, Journal of Gender-Based Violence, 2018, 2(3): 481–501, DOI: 10.1332/239868018X15263881184558

Kelling, C., Graif, C., Korkmaz, G., & Haran, M. (2020). Modeling the Social and Spatial Proximity of Crime: Domestic and Sexual Violence Across Neighborhoods. J Quant Criminol. https://doi. org/10.1007/s10940-020-09454-w.

Kirst, M., Lazgare, L. P., Zhang, Y. J., & O’Campo, P. (2015). The effects of social capital and neighborhood characteristics on intimate partner violence: A consideration of social resources and risks. American Journal of Community Psychology, 55(3-4), 314-325.

Leddy, A. M., Lippman, S. A., Neilands, T. B., Twine, R., Ahern, J., Gómez-Olivé, F. X., ... & Pettifor, A. E. (2019). Community collective efficacy is associated with reduced physical intimate partner violence (IPV) incidence in the rural province of Mpumalanga, South Africa: findings from HPTN 068. J Epidemiol Community Health, 73(2), 176-181.

Marco, M., Gracia, E., & LópezQuílez, A. (2018). The university campus environment as a protective factor for intimate partner violence against women: An exploratory study. Journal of community psychology, 46(7), 903-916.

Markowitz, F.E. (2003). Socioeconomic disadvantage and violence: Recent research on culture and neighborhood control as explanatory mechanisms. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 8(2): 145-154.

Michalski, J.H. (2004). Making Sociological Sense Out of Trends in Intimate Partner Violence: The Social Structure of Violence Against Women. Violence Against Women, 10(6): 652-675.

Miles-Doan, R. (1998). Violence between spouses and intimates: Does neighborhood context matter? Social Forces, 77(2): 623-645.

Morgan, R. E., & Jasinski, J. L. (2017). Tracking violence: using structural-level characteristics in the analysis of domestic violence in Chicago and the state of Illinois. Crime & Delinquency, 63(4), 391-411.

Moylan, C. A., Javorka, M., Bybee, D., Stotzer, R. L., & Carlson, M. (2019). Campus-Level Variation in the Prevalence of Student Experiences of Sexual Assault and Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 10(3), 397-421.

Murphy, M., Contreras-Urbina, M., Spearing, M., & Swaine, A. (2022). Socioecological Framework for Drivers of Conflict and Postconflict Violence Against Women and Girls. Violence Against Women, 0(0), 10778012221094065. doi:10.1177/10778012221094065

Murugan, V., Khoo, Y.-M., & Termos, M. (2021). Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in India: Is Empowerment a Protective Factor? Global Social Welfare, 8(3), 199-211. doi:10.1007/s40609-020-00186-0

Nielsen, A. L., CarboneLopez, K., & Martínez Jr, R. (2018). A Case Study: Neighborhood Factors and Intimate and Nonintimate Aggravated Assaults. The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice, 475.

Okeke, N., Rothman, E. F., & Mumford, E. A. (2020). Neighborhood income inequality and adolescent relationship aggression: results of a nationally representative, longitudinal study. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260520908024.

Park, S., & Kim, S.-H. (2018). The Power of Family and Community Factors in Predicting Dating Violence: A Meta-Analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 40, 19-28.

Parker, E. M., Johnson, S. L., Debnam, K. J., Milam, A. J., & Bradshaw, C. P. (2017). Teen Dating Violence Victimization Among High School Students: A Multilevel Analysis of SchoolLevel Risk Factors. Journal of school health, 87(9), 696-704.

Postmus, J. L., Hoge, G. L., Breckenridge, J., Sharp-Jeffs, N., & Chung, D. (2020). Economic abuse as an invisible form of domestic violence: A multicountry review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 21(2), 261–283.

Raghavan, C., Mennerich, A., Sexton, E., & James, S. E. (2006). Community violence and its direct, indirect, and mediating effects on intimate partner violence. Violence against women, 12(12), 1132-1149.

Rahman, L., Du Mont, J., O’Campo, P., & Einstein, G. (2020). Intersectional community correlates of married women’s experiences of male intimate partner physical violence in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. J Epidemiol Community Health, 74(2), 182-189.

Raiford, J. L., Seth, P., Braxton, N. D., & DiClemente, R. J. (2013). Interpersonal-and community-level predictors of intimate partner violence perpetration among African American men. Journal of Urban Health, 90(4), 784-795.

Rennison, C., & Planty, M. (2003). Nonlethal intimate partner violence: Examining race, gender, and income patterns. Violence and Victims, 18(4), 433-443.

Sabina, C. (2013). Individual and national level associations between economic deprivation and partner violence among college students in 31 national settings. Aggressive behavior, 39(4), 247-256.

Showalter, K., Maguire-Jack, K., & Barnhart, S. (2017). Investigating the potentially protective effects of neighborhood processes in intimate partner violence. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 26(10), 1090-1103.

Sokoloff, N. J., and I. Dupont. (eds.). (2005). Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in race, class, gender, and culture. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Sokoloff, N.J. (2004). Domestic Violence at the Crossroads: Violence Against Poor Women and Women of Color. Women’s Studies Quarterly, 32(3/4): 139.

Sokoloff, Natalie J., and Ida Dupont. (2005). Domestic violence at the intersections of race, class, and gender: Challenges and contributions to understanding violence against marginalized women in diverse communities. Violence Against Women, 11(1).

Sutton, T. E., Gordon Simons, L., Martin, B. T., Klopack, E. T., Gibbons, F. X., Beach, S. R., & Simons, R. L. (2020). Racial discrimination as a risk factor for African American men’s physical partner violence: A longitudinal test of mediators and moderators. Violence Against Women, 26(2), 164-190.

Taylor, B. G., Mumford, E. A., Okeke, N., & Rothman, E. (2020). Neighborhood violent crime and adolescent relationship aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 46(1), 25-36.

Taylor, B. G., Mumford, E. A., Okeke, N., & Rothman, E. (2020). Neighborhood violent crime and adolescent relationship aggression. Aggressive behavior, 46(1), 25-36.

Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., Kusunoki, Y., Hsieh, H. F., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Perceived neighborhood characteristics and experiences of intimate partner violence: a multilevel analysis. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260520906183.

Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., Kusunoki, Y., Hsieh, H.-F., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Perceived neighborhood characteristics and experiences of intimate partner violence: a multilevel analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(23-24), NP13162-NP13184.

Voith, L. A. (2017). Understanding the relation between neighborhoods and intimate partner violence: An integrative review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838017717744.

Voith, L. A., & Brondino, M. J. (2017). Neighborhood predictors of intimate partner violence: A theoryinformed analysis using hierarchical linear modeling. American journal of community psychology, 60(1-2), 187-198.

Weir, R. (2019). Using geographically weighted regression to explore neighborhoodlevel predictors of domestic abuse in the UK. Transactions in GIS, 23(6), 1232-1250.

Weissman, D. M. (2007). The personal is political – and economic: rethinking domestic violence. Brigham Young University Law Review, 387-450.

West, C. M., DeKeseredy, W., Rennison, C. M., & Hall-Sanchez, A. (2018). Toward an ecological model of violence among African Americans. The Routledge International Handbook of Violence Studies, 212-232.

Wilkins, N. J., Zhang, X., Mack, K. A., Clapperton, A. J., Macpherson, A., Sleet, D., ... & Mackay, J. M. (2019). Societal determinants of violent death: The extent to which social, economic, and structural characteristics explain differences in violence across Australia, Canada, and the United States. SSM-population health, 8, 100431.

Wright, E. M., & Skubak Tillyer, M. (2017). Neighborhoods and intimate partner violence against women: The direct and interactive effects of social ties and collective efficacy. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260517712276.

Yakubovich, A. R., Heron, J., Feder, G., Fraser, A., & Humphreys, D. K. (2020). Long-term Exposure to Neighborhood Deprivation and Intimate Partner Violence Among Women: A UK Birth Cohort Study. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 31(2), 272.

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