03. Childhood exposure to violence (witnessing and/or experiencing)


Arai, L., Heawood, A., Feder, G., Howarth, E., MacMillan, H., Moore, T. H., . . . Gregory, A. (2019). Hope, agency, and the lived experience of violence: A qualitative systematic review of children’s perspectives on domestic violence and abuse. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838019849582.

Campo, M. (2015). Children’s exposure to domestic and family violence. Child Family Community Australia (CFCA) Paper, No. 36, Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Carlson, J., Voith, L., Brown, J. C., & Holmes, M. (2019). Viewing Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence Through a Developmental, Social-Ecological, and Survivor Lens: The Current State of the Field, Challenges, and Future Directions. Violence Against Women, 25(1), 6-28.

Debowska, A., Boduszek, D., Jones, A. D., Willmott, D., & Sherretts, N. (2021). Gender-based violence-supportive cognitions in adolescent girls and boys: The function of violence exposure and victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(3-4), 1233-1255.

Evans, S. E., Davies, C., & DiLillo, D. (2008). Exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent outcomes. Aggression and violent behavior, 13(2), 131-140.

Evans, K. E., Lee, H., Russell, K. N., Holmes, M. R., Berg, K. A., Bender, A. E., & Prince, D. M. (2021). Adolescent dating violence among youth exposed to intimate partner violence: A systematic review. Journal of Family Violence, 1-18.

Evans, K. E., Schmidt-Sane, M. M., Bender, A. E., Berg, K. A., & Holmes, M. R. (2022). Children's exposure to intimate partner violence and acceptance or appraisals of IPV: A systematic review. Journal of Family Violence, 1-19.

Fang, X., and P.S. Corso. (2008). Gender Differences in the Connections Between Violence Experienced as a Child and Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence in Young Adulthood. Journal of Family Violence, 23(5): 303-313.

Fitton, L., Yu, R., & Fazel, S. (2020). Childhood maltreatment and violent outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 21(4), 754-768.

Gil-Gonzalez, D., Vives-Cases, C., Ruiz, M. T., Carrasco-Portino, M., & Alvarez-Dardet, C. (2008). Childhood experiences of violence in perpetrators as a risk factor of intimate partner violence: a systematic review. Journal of Public Health, 30(1), 14-22.

Haselschwerdt, M. L., Savasuk-Luxton, R., & Hlavaty, K. (2019). A methodological review and critique of the “intergenerational transmission of violence” literature. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 20(2), 168-182.

Holmes, M. R., Berg, K. A., Bender, A. E., Evans, K. E., O’Donnell, K., & Miller, E. K. (2022). Nearly 50 Years of Child Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence Empirical Research: Evidence Mapping, Overarching Themes, and Future Directions. Journal of Family Violence. doi:10.1007/s10896-021-00349-3

Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The Impact of Exposure to Domestic Violence on Children and Young People: A review of the literature. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(8), 797-810.

Kieselbach, B., Kimber, M., MacMillan, H. L., & Perneger, T. (2022). Prevalence of childhood exposure to intimate partner violence in low-income and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 12(4), e051140. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-051140

Latzman, N. E., Casanueva, C., Brinton, J., & FormanHoffman, V. L. (2019). The promotion of wellbeing among children exposed to intimate partner violence: A systematic review of interventions. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 15(3), e1049.

Lazenbatt, A. (2012). Children experiencing domestic violence: a research review. Children & Society, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 485-486.

Li, S., Zhao, F., & Yu, G. (2020). A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence perpetration. Aggression and violent behavior, 50, 101362. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2019.101362

Noll, J.G. (2005). Does Childhood Sexual Abuse Set in Motion a Cycle of Violence Against Women? What We Know and What We Need to Learn. J Interpers Violence, Apr.; 20(4): 455-462.

Papalia, N., Luebbers, S., & Ogloff, J. R. (2018). Child sexual abuse and the propensity to engage in criminal behaviour: A critical review and examination of moderating factors. Aggression and violent behavior, 43, 71-89.

Ravi, K. E., & Casolaro, T. E. (2018). Children’s exposure to intimate partner violence: A qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 35(3), 283-295.

Smith-Marek, E. N., Cafferky, B., Dharnidharka, P., Mallory, A. B., Dominguez, M., High, J., . . . Mendez, M. (2015). Effects of Childhood Experiences of Family Violence on Adult Partner Violence: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 7(4), 498-519. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/jftr.12113

Stith, S. M., Rosen, K. H., Middleton, K. A., Busch, A. L., Lundeberg, K., & Carlton, R. P. (2000). The Intergenerational Transmission of Spouse Abuse: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(3), 640-654.

Taylor, A. (2019). Impact of the experience of domestic and family violence on children: What does the literature have to say? Mackay, QLD: Queensland Centre for Domestic and Family Violence Research.

Wood, S. L., & Sommers, M. S. (2011). Consequences of intimate partner violence on child witnesses: a systematic review of the literature. Journal of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing, 24(4), 223-236.


Further works

Benevolent Society. (2012). Research snapshot: The impact of domestic violence on children: a literature review. Benevolent Society, Sydney with Australian Domestic & Family Violence Clearinghouse and Centre for Gender Related Violence Studies.

Berg, K. A., Bender, A. E., Evans, K. E., Holmes, M. R., Davis, A. P., Scaggs, A. L., & King, J. A. (2020). Service needs of children exposed to domestic violence: Qualitative findings from a statewide survey of domestic violence agencies. Children and Youth Services Review, 118. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105414

Black, D., Sussman, S., & Unger, J. (2010). A Further Look at the Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: Witnessing Interparental Violence in Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(6), 1022–1042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260509340539

Black, T., Fallon, B., Nikolova, K., Tarshis, S., Baird, S., & Carradine, J. (2020). Exploring subtypes of children’s exposure to intimate partner violence. Children and Youth Services Review. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105375

Brookmeyer, K. A., Henrich, C. C., Cohen, G., & Shahar, G. (2011). Israeli adolescents exposed to community and terror violence: The protective role of social support. Journal of Early Adolescence, 31, 577-603.doi:10.1177/0272431610366247.

Calvete, E., Fernández-González, L., Orue, I., & Little, T. D. (2018). Exposure to family violence and dating violence perpetration in adolescents: Potential cognitive and emotional mechanisms. Psychology of Violence, 8(1), 67-75. doi:10.1037/vio0000076

Campo, M., Kaspiew, R., Moore, S. & Tayton, S. (2014). Children affected by domestic and family violence: a review of domestic and family violence prevention, early intervention and response services. Ashfield: Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Cubellis, M.A., Peterson, B.E., Henninger, A.M., & Lee, D. (2016). Childhood sexual abuse and antisocial traits and behaviors: A gendered examination of the factors associated with perpetration of intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, [ahead-of-print]. DOI: 10.1177/0886260516633692

Debowska, A., Boduszek, D., Jones, A. D., Willmott, D., & Sherretts, N. (2021). Gender-based violence-supportive cognitions in adolescent girls and boys: The function of violence exposure and victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(3-4), 1233-1255.

Delsol, Catherine, and Gayla Margolin. (2004). The role of family-of-origin violence in men’s marital violence perpetration. Clinical Psychology Review, 24(1): 99-122.

Devries, K., Grundlingh, H., & Knight, L. (2016). Cycles of violence in gendered social contexts: Why does child maltreatment lead to increased risk of intimate partner violence in adulthood? In J. Gideon (Ed.), Handbook on gender and health. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Easteal, Patricia, and Dimian Grey (2013). Risk of harm to children from exposure to family violence: Looking at how it is understood and considered by the judiciary. Australian Journal of Family Law, 27: 59-77.

Etherington, N., & Baker, L. (2018). From “Buzzword” to Best Practice: Applying Intersectionality to Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 19(1), 58-75.

Etherington, N.A., & Baker, L.L. (2016). The link between boys’ victimization and adult perpetration of intimate partner violence: Opportunities for prevention across the life course. London, Canada: Centre for Research & Education on Violence against Women and Children.

Fagan, A. (2005). The Relationship Between Adolescent Physical Abuse and Criminal Offending: Support for an Enduring and Generalized Cycle of Violence. Journal of Family Violence, 20(5): 279-290.

Fulu, E., Miedema, S., Roselli, T., McCook, S., Chan, K. L., Haardörfer, R., ... & Johnson, S. (2017). Pathways between childhood trauma, intimate partner violence, and harsh parenting: findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific. The Lancet Global Health, 5(5), e512-e522.

Gebo, E., Rebellon, C. J., & Turner, H. A. (2022). Specifying the nature of the victim-offender overlap: A gendered analysis of victimization and offending subtypes. Victims & Offenders, 17(3), 372-394.

Georgsson, A., K. Almqvist, and A.G. Broberg. (2011). Naming the unmentionable: how children exposed to intimate partner violence articulate their experiences. Journal of Family Violence, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 117-129.

Howard, K. A. S., Budge, S. L., & McKay, K. M. (2010). Youth exposed to violence: The role of protective factors. Journal of Community Psychology, 38, 63-79. doi:10.1002/jcop.20352

Huesmann, Rowell, et al. (2003). Longitudinal Relations Between Children’s Exposure to Violence and Their Aggressive and Violent Behavior in Young Adulthood: 1977-1992. Developmental Psychology. Vol. 39: 2, pp. 201-21.

Juan, S.-C., Washington, H.M., & Kurlychek, M.C. (2017). Breaking the intergenerational cycle: Partner violence, child–parent attachment, and children’s aggressive behaviors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication. DOI:10.1177/0886260517692996

Kitzmann, K. M., Gaylord, N. K., Holt, A. R., & Kenny, E. D. (2003). Child witnesses to domestic violence: a meta-analytic review. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 71(2), 339-352.

Lichter, E.L., and L.A. McCloskey. (2004). The effects of childhood exposure to marital violence on adolescent gender-role beliefs and dating violence. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28(4): 344-357.

Lussier, P., Farrington, D. P., & Moffitt, T. E. (2009). Is the antisocial child father of the abusive man? A 40year prospective longitudinal study on the developmental antecedents of intimate partner violence. Criminology, 47(3), 741-780.

Luster, T., S. A. Small and R. Lower (2002). The Correlates of Abuse and Witnessing Abuse Among Adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17(12): 1323-1340.

Machisa, M. T., Christofides, N., & Jewkes, R. (2016). Structural pathways between child abuse, poor mental health outcomes and male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV). PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0150986.

Manchikanti, Gómez A. (2011). Testing the Cycle of Violence Hypothesis: Child Abuse and Adolescent Dating Violence as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Young Adulthood. Youth Soc.; 43(1): 171-192.

Maxwell, C.D., and S.R. Maxwell. (2003). Experiencing and Witnessing Familial Aggression and their Relationship to Physically Aggressive Behaviors among Filipino Adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(12): 1432-1451.

McCloskey, Laura Ann, and Erika L. Lichter. (2003). The Contribution of Marital Violence to Adolescent Aggression Across Different Relationships. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(4): 390-412.

McFarlane, J., Fredland, N.M., Symes, L., Zhou, W., Jouriles, E.N., Dutton, M.A., & Greeley, C.S. (2017).The intergenerational impact of intimate partner violence against mothers on child functioning over four years. Journal of Family Violence. Advance online publication. DOI:10.1007/s10896-017-9913-8

Meyer, S., Reeves, E., & Fitz-Gibbon, K. (2021). The intergenerational transmission of family violence: Mothers' perceptions of children's experiences and use of violence in the home. Child & Family Social Work, 26(3), 476-484. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12830

Miley, L. N., Fox, B., Muniz, C. N., Perkins, R., & DeLisi, M. (2020). Does childhood victimization predict specific adolescent offending? An analysis of generality versus specificity in the victim-offender overlap. Child Abuse & Neglect, 101, 104328.

Montgomery, E., Just-Østergaard, E., & Jervelund, S. S. (2019). Transmitting trauma: a systematic review of the risk of child abuse perpetrated by parents exposed to traumatic events. International Journal of Public Health, 64(2), 241-251.

Nikolova, K., Baird, S.L., Tarshis, S., Black, T., & Fallon, B. (2015). Examining the response to different types of exposure to intimate partner violence. International Journal of Child and Adolescent Resilience, 3(1): 72-87.

Reidy, D. E., Holland, K. M., Cortina, K., Ball, B., & Rosenbluth, B. (2017). Evaluation of the expect respect support group program: A violence prevention strategy for youth exposed to violence. Preventive Medicine, 100, 235-242.

Saint-Eloi Cadely, H., Mrug, S., & Windle, M. (2019). Comparisons of Types of Exposure to Violence Within and Across Contexts in Predicting the Perpetration of Dating Aggression.

Sessarego, S. N., Siller, L., & Edwards, K. M. (2019). Patterns of violence victimization and perpetration among adolescents using latent class analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260519862272.

Skybo, Theresa. (2005). Witnessing Violence: Biopsychosocial Impact on Children. Pediatric Nursing. Pitman: Jul/Aug 2005. Vol. 31, Iss. 4.

van Rosmalen-Nooijens, K. A. W. L., Lahaije, F. A. H., Lo Fo Wong, S. H., Prins, J. B., & Lagro-Janssen, A. L. M. (2017). Does witnessing family violence influence sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and young adults? A systematic review. Psychology of Violence, 7(3), 343-374. doi:10.1037/vio0000113

Wagers, S. M., Piquero, A. R., Narvey, C., Reid, J. A., & Loughran, T. A. (2021). Variation in exposure to violence in early adolescence distinguishes between intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration among young men involved in the justice system. Journal of Family Violence, 36(1), 99-108.

Westrupp, E.M., Rose, N., Nicholson, J.M., & Brown, S.J. (2015). Exposure to inter-parental conflict across 10 years of childhood: Data from the longitudinal study of Australian children. Maternal and Child Health Journal. DOI:10.1007/s10995-015-1704-3.

Whitfield, C. L., Anda, R. F., Dube, S. R., & Felitti, V. J. (2003). Violent childhood experiences and the risk of intimate partner violence in adults: Assessment in a large health maintenance organization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(2), 166-185.