ii) Gender, war, and militarism

As, Berit. (1983). A materialistic view of men’s and women’s attitudes to war. Women’s Studies International Forum, 5.

Australian Human Rights Commission. (2011). Report on the Review into the Treatment of Women in the Australian Defence Force Academy. Phase 1 of the Review into the Treatment of Women in the Australian Defence Force. Canberra.

Australian Human Rights Commission. (2014). Review into the Treatment of Women in the Australian Defence Force-Audit Report. Sydney: Australian Human Rights Commission.

Barash, David P. (ed). (2000). Approaches to Peace. Oxford University Press.
Sexism and the war system / Betty Reardon.

Belkin, Aaron. (2001). Homosexuality and the Israel defense forces: Did lifting the gay ban undermine military performance?. Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 27, Iss. 4, Summer.

Belkin, Aaron. (2012). Bring Me Men: Military Masculinity and the Benign Facade of American Empire, 1898-2001. New York: Columbia University Press.

Bendix, W., & Jeong, G.-H. (2020). Gender and foreign policy: Are female members of congress more dovish than their male colleagues? Political Research Quarterly, 73(1), 126-140.

Bhattacharyya, Gargi. (2008). Dangerous Brown Men: Exploiting Sex, Violence and Feminism in the ‘War on Terror’. Zed Books.

Bjarnegård, E., & Melander, E. (2017). Pacific men: how the feminist gap explains hostility. The Pacific Review, 30(4), 478-493.

Bjarnegård, Elin and Erik Melander. (2018). Gender and Conflict in East Asia. In Teh-Kuang Chang and Angelin Chang: Routledge Handbook of Asia in World Politics. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bjarnegård, Elin, Erik Melander, Gabrielle Bardall, Karen Brounéus, Erika Forsberg, Karin Johansson, Angela Muvumba Sällström, Louise Olsson. (2015). Gender, Peace, and Armed Conflict. In the SIPRI Yearbook 2015. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Boulegue, Jean and Kirkland, Faris R. (1991). ‘Feminization’ and the French military: An anthropological approach. Armed Forces and Society, 17(3), Spring.

Brenda, L. M., and C. W. Schuyler. (1998). Equal opportunity in the U. S. Navy: Perceptions of active-duty African American women. Gender Issues, 16(3): 99.

Britton, Dana M., and Christine L. Williams. (1995). ‘Don’t ask, don’t tell, don’t pursue’: Military policy and the construction of heterosexual masculinity. Journal of Homosexuality, 30(1), pp. 1-21.

Brooks, D. J., & Valentino, B. A. (2011). A war of one’s own: Understanding the gender gap in support for war. Public Opinion Quarterly, 75(2), 270-286.

Brownson, C. (2014). The battle for equivalency: Female US marines discuss sexuality, physical fitness, and military leadership. Armed Forces & Society, 40(4), 765-788.

Burton, Clare. (1996). Women in the Australian Defence Force: Two Studies. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Caldicott, Helen. (1985). Missile Envy: The Arms Race and Nuclear War. New York: Bantam Books.

Campbell, R. (2009). Science, Social Change, and Ending Violence Against Women: Which One of These Is Not Like the Others?” Violence Against Women, 15(4): 434-439.

Caprioli, M. (2000). Gendered conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 37(1), 51-68.

Caprioli, M. (2005). Primed for violence: The role of gender inequality in predicting internal conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 49(2), 161-178.

Chang, I. (1997) The Rape of Nanking. New York: Basic.

Chapkis, W. (ed.). Loaded Question: Women in the Military. Washington D.C.: Transnational Institute Amsterdam.

Cockburn, C. (2004). The continuum of violence: A gender perspective on war and peace. In G. Wenona & J. Hyndman (Eds.), Sites of Violence: Gender and Conflict Zones (pp. 24-44): University of California Press.

Cockburn, C. (2010). Feminism and Peace. In N. J. Young (Ed.), The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace. Oxford.

Cockburn, C. (2010). Gender relations as causal in militarization and war: A feminist standpoint. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 12(2), 139-157.

Cockburn, C., and D. Zarkov. (eds.). (2002). The Postwar Moment: Militaries, Masculinities and International Peacekeeping. Lawrence and Wishart.

Cockburn, Cynthia. (2007). From Where We Stand: War, Women’s Activism and Feminist Analysis. London and New York: Zed Books.

Cohen, D. K., & Karim, S. M. (2021). Does more equality for women mean less war? rethinking sex and gender inequality and political violence. International organization, 1-31.

Cohen, D. K., & Karim, S. M. (2021). Does More Equality for Women Mean Less War? Rethinking Sex and Gender Inequality and Political Violence. International organization, 1-31. doi:10.1017/S0020818321000333

Cooke, Miriam and Woollacott, Angela. (eds.). (1993). Gendering War Talk. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Corber, Robert J. (1993). In the Name of National Security: Hitchcock, Homophobia, and the Political Construction of Gender in Postwar America. Durham & London: Duke University Press.

Corber, Robert J. (year?). Homosexuality in Cold War America: Resistance and the Crisis of Masculinity. Duke University Press.

Cornish, H and Duncanson, C. (2012). Feminist Perspectives on British COIN. In Paul Dixon, (ed) ‘Hearts and Minds’? British Counterinsurgency from Malaya to Iraq (forthcoming, Manchester University Press).

D’Amico, Francine and Laurie Weinstein. (eds.). (1999). Gender Camouflage: Women and the U.S. Military. New York University Press.

Dahlum, S., & Wig, T. (2020). Peace Above the Glass Ceiling: The Historical Relationship between Female Political Empowerment and Civil Conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 64(4), 879-893. doi:10.1093/isq/sqaa066

Damousi, Joy, and Marilyn Lake. (1995). Gender and War: Australians at War in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dansby, Virginia S. and Marinelli, Robert P. (1999). Adolescent children of Vietnam combat veteran fathers: A population at risk. Journal of Adolescence, Volume 22, Number 3, June, pp. 329-340.

Dean Sinclair, G. (2009). Homosexuality and the Military: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Homosexuality 56(6): 701-718.

DeGroot, Gerard J. and Corinna Peniston-Bird. (eds.). (2000). A Soldier & A Woman: Women In The Military. White Plains, NY: Longman Publishing Company.

DiCew, Judith Wagner. (1997). The combat exclusion and the role of women in the military. In DiQuinzio, Patrice and Iris Marion Young. (eds.). Feminist Ethics and Social Policy, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

DiMuccio, S. H., & Knowles, E. D. (2020). The political significance of fragile masculinity. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34, 25-28.

Dombrowski, Nicole Ann (ed.). (1998). Women And War In The Twentieth Century: Enlisted With Or Without Consent. New York: Garland.

Duncanson, C & Eschle, C. (2008). Gender and the Nuclear Weapons State: A Feminist Critique of the UK Government’s White Paper on Trident. New Political Science, Volume 30 Issue 4, 545 (special issue on Alternative Globalizations: Challenges to Neoliberalism, Empire, and Militarism).

Duncanson, C. (2013). Gender and Peacekeeping. In Jenny Mathers (ed) Handbook on Gender and War (forthcoming from Edward Elgar, 2013)

Dundes, Alan. (1991). The mobile SCUD missile launcher and other Persian Gulf War lore: An American folk image of Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. Western Folklore, 50(3): 303-22.

Duran, J. (2019, 2019/07/03). Women’s Efforts for Peace and the Feminist Movement. Peace Review, 31(3), 348-356. https://doi.org/10.1080/10402659.2019.1735170

Egendorf, Arthur. Healing from the War: Vietnam.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. Blood Rites.

Eichenberg, R. C. (2016). Gender Difference in American Public Opinion on the Use of Military Force, 1982–2013. International Studies Quarterly, 60(1), 138-148. doi:10.1093/isq/sqv019

Eichenberg, R. C. (2016). Gender difference in American public opinion on the use of military force, 1982–2013. International Studies Quarterly, 60(1), 138-148.

Eichenberg, R. C. (2017). Gender Difference in Support for the Use of Military Force in Cross-National Perspective. Paper presented at the workshop on “Public Opinion, Foreign Policy and the Use of Force in Turbulent Times,” European Consortium for Political Research Joint Sessions, University of Nottingham, April.

Eichenberg, R. C. (2019). Gender, War, and World Order: A Study of Public Opinion: Cornell University Press.

Eichenberg, R. C., & Read, B. M. (2016). Gender difference in attitudes towards global issues. In Handbook on Gender in World Politics: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Elshtain, Jean. (1987). Women and War. New York: Basic Books.

Enloe, Cynthia. (1993). The Morning After: Sexual Politics at the End of the Cold War. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.

Enloe, Cynthia. (1998). Does Khaki Become You?: The Militarization Of Women’s Lives. London: Pandora.

Enloe, Cynthia. (2000). Maneuvers: The International Politics of Militarizing Women’s Lives. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Enloe, Cynthia. (2000). Masculinity as foreign policy issue. 5(36), October. URL: http://www.fpif.org/briefs/vol5/v5n36masculinitybody.html.

Erika, S. (1986). Patriarchy and the state. Australian Journal of Law and Society, 3.

Eschle, C. (2021). Feminism and peace movements: engendering anti-nuclear activism. In Routledge Handbook of Feminist Peace Research (pp. 250-259). Routledge.

Evans, Michael, and Alan Ryan. (eds.). (2000). The Human Face of Warfare: Killing, Fear and Chaos in Battle. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Evans, R. (2013). Hazing in the ADF: A Culture of Denial? Army Journal; 10(3).

Farina, Fatima. (1992). The image of women in the Gulf War. Sociologica e Ricerca Sociale, 13(39), December (Italy).

Farmanfarmaian, Abouali. (1992). Sexuality in the Gulf War: Did you measure up?. Genders, 13, Spring.

Farwell, N. (2004). War Rape: New Conceptualizations and Responses. Affilia, 19(4): 389-403.

Feinman, Ilene Rose. (2000). Citizenship Rites: Feminist Soldiers and Feminist Antimilitarists. New York University Press

Feinstein, Y. (2017). The rise and decline of “gender gaps” in support for military action: United States, 1986–2011. Politics & Gender, 13(4), 618-655.

Geva, Dorit. (2011). Where the State Feared to Tread: Conscription and Local Patriarchalism in Modern France. In Julia Adams & Mounira Charrad (eds.) The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Vol. 336, 1: 111-128.

Geva, Dorit. 2001). Different and Unequal? Breadwinning, Dependency Deferments, and the Gendered Origins of the United States Selective Service System. In Armed Forces & Society. 37: 598-618.

Gibson, James W. (1994). Warrior Dreams: Paramilitary Culture in Post-Vietnam America. New York: Hill & Wang.

Goff, Stan. (2002). Hideous Dream: A Soldier’s Memoir of the US Invasion of Haiti. Soft Skull Press.

Goff, Stan. (2003). Full Spectrum Disorder: The Military in the New American Century. Soft Skull Press.

Goldstein, Joshua S. (2001). War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
A puzzle: the cross-cultural consistency of gender roles in war.
Women warriors: the historical record of female combatants.
Bodies: the biology of individual gender.
Groups: bonding, hierarchy, and social identity.
Heroes: the making of militarized masculinity.
Conquests: sex, rape, and exploitation in wartime.
Reflections: the mutuality of gender and war.

Goswami, U. (2022). Gendering Peace in Violent Peripheries: Marginality, Masculinity, and Feminist Agency. Taylor & Francis.

Gottschall, J. (2004). Explaining Wartime Rape. Journal of Sex Research, 41(2): 129.

Grayzel, Susan R. (1999). Women’s Identities at War: Gender, Motherhood and Politics in Britain and France during the First World War.

Grossman, David. (1995). On Killing: The Psychological Costs of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Boston: Little Brown.

Gullace, N. F. (2014). The ‘White Feather Girls’: Women’s Militarism in the UK. Open Democracy.

Guttman, Stephanie. (1997). Sex and the soldier. The New Republic, February 24.

Halley, Janet E. (1999). Don’t: A Reader’s Guide to the Military’s Anti-Gay Policy. Duke University Press.

Harris, Adrienne, and Ynestra King. (eds.). (1989). Rocking the Ship of State: Toward a Feminist Peace Politics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Hawthorne, Susan, and Bronwyn Winter. (eds.). (2002). Sept 11, 2001: Feminist Perspectives. Melbourne: Spinifex.

Heikkilä, J., & Laukkanen, I. (2022). Gender-specific call of duty: A note on the neglect of conscription in gender equality indices. Defence and Peace Economics, 33(5), 603-615.

Henry, M. G. (2020). Why critical military studies needs to smash imperial white supremacist capitalist heteropatriarchy: A rejoinder. Critical Military Studies, 6(1), 107-110.

Herbert, M.S. (1998). Camouflage Isn’t Only for Combat: Gender, Sexuality and Women in the Military. New York: New York University Press.

Herek, Gregory M., Jared B. Jobe, and Ralph M. Carney. (eds.). (1996). Out in Force: Sexual Orientation and the Military. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hicks Stiehm, J. (2010). Theses on the military, security, war and women. In L. Sjoberg (Ed.), Gender and International Relations. Feminist Perspectives (pp. 17-23). Routledge.

Higate, Paul, and Marsha Henry (2004). Engendering (In)security in Peace Support Operations. Security Dialogue, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 481-498, December.

Hilsdon, A. (1995). Madonnas and Martyrs: Militarism and Violence in the Phillipines. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

Hooper, Charlotte. (2001). Manly States: Masculinities, International Relations, and Gender Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Pt. 1. Theorizing Masculinities.
Ch. 1. The Construction of Gender Identity.
Ch. 2. Masculinities and Masculinism.
Pt. 2. Masculinities, IR, and Gender Politics.
Ch. 3. Masculinities in International Relations.
Ch. 4. The Economist’s Masculine Credentials.
Ch. 5. The Economist, Globalization, and Masculinities.
Ch. 6. The Economist/IR Intertext.
Conclusion: IR and the (Re)Making of Hegemonic Masculinity.

Hosking, Kim. (2003). Masculinity, femininity and the military: Contextualising the debate on women in combat. Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies, v.7, nos 1-2, Nov.: 62-71.

Hudson, V. M., Ballif-Spanvill, B., Caprioli, M., & Emmett, C. F. (2012). Sex and World Peace. New York and Chichester, West Sussex: Columbia University Press.

Humphrey. (1988). My Country, My Right to Serve: Experiences of Gay Men and Women in the Military, World War II to the Present. Harper Collins.

Hunter, Mic. (2007). Honor Betrayed: Sexual Abuse in the U.S. Military.

Hynes, H.P. (2004). On the battlefield of women’s bodies: An overview of the harm of war to women. Women’s Studies International Forum, 27(5/6).

International Feminist Journal of Politics. (2001). Themed Issue: Gender in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies, Volume 3, Number 1, April. Includes;
Women in War and Peace-Building / Karam, Azza.
A Feminist Exploration of Military Conscription / Kwon, Insook.
Gender, Nation, Rape / Hansen, Lene.
Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Gender Analysis in Kosova / Corrin, Chris.

Jackson R.J, Lindsay D.R, Matteson A.A. (2014). Military sexual trauma: An application of the Toxic Triangle Model. Mil. Behav. Health, 2(1): 64-66.

Jacobs, Susie, Ruth Jacobsen, and Jennifer Marchbank. (eds.). (1999). States of Conflict: Gender, Violence and Resistance. Zed Books.

Janowitz, M. (1971) The Professional Soldier. New York: Free Press.

Jones, L. (ed.). (1983). Keeping the Peace: A Women’s Peace Handbook 1. London: The Women’s Press.

Judith Hicks, S. (1998). Army opinions about women in the Army. Gender Issues, 16(3): 88.

Kaplan, Danny, and Eyal Ben-Ari. (2000). Brothers and others in arms - Managing gay identity in combat units of the Israeli army. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography. 29(4): 396-432, August.

Kaplan, Danny. (2002). Brothers and Others in Arms: The Making of Love and War in Israeli Combat Units. New York: Haworth Press.

King, A. (2016). The female combat soldier. European Journal of International Relations, 22(1), 122-143.

Klein, U. (2002). The Gender Perspective of Civil-Military Relations in Israeli Society. Current Sociology, 50(5): 669-686.

Klein, Uta. (1999). ‘Our best boys’: The gendered nature of civil-military relations in Israel. Men and Masculinities, 2(1), July.

Kronsell, Annica. (2005). Gendered practices in institutions of hegemonic masculinity: Reflections from feminist standpoint theory. International Feminist Journal of Politics, Volume 7, Number 2, June, pp. 280-298.

Kummel, Gerhard. (ed.). (2002). Current Sociology, Special issue: Women in the armed forces of the world: Recent trends and explanations. 50(5), September.

Lattas, Judy. (2005). 21st century feminism, armed and ready? Social Alternatives, v.24 no. 2: 55-60.

Laura, L.M. (1998). Feminism and the exclusion of Army women from combat. Gender Issues, 16(3): 33.

Leep, M. C. (2015). (Ac)Counting (for) their dead: Responsiveness to Iraqi civilian casualties in the US House of Representatives. International Politics, 52(1), 45-65. doi:10.1057/ip.2014.37

Leitz, L. A., & Meyer, D. S. (2017). Gendered Activism and Outcomes: Women in the Peace Movement. In H. J. McCammon, V. Taylor, J. Reger, & R. L. Einwohner (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Women’s Social Movement Activism: Oxford.

Letourneau, E.J., Paul A. Schewe, and B.C. Frueh. (1997). Preliminary Evaluation of Sexual Problems in Combat Veterans With PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1, pp. 125-132.

Levin, Ronit. (ed.). Gender and Catastrophe.

Lizotte, M.-K. (2019). Investigating the origins of the gender gap in support for war. Political Studies Review, 17(2), 124-135.

Lizotte, M.-K. (2019). Investigating the origins of the gender gap in support for war. Political Studies Review, 17(2), 124-135.

Lorentzen, Lois Ann, and Jennifer Turpin. (eds.). (1998). The Women and War Reader. New York: New York University Press.

Lorry, M.F. (1998). Either you need these women or you do not: Informing the debate on military service and citizenship. Gender Issues, 16(3): 5.

MacDonald, Eileen. (1991). Shoot the Women First: Inside the Secret World of Female Terrorists. New York: Random House.

MacKenzie, M. (2015). Beyond the band of brothers: the US military and the myth that women can’t fight: Cambridge University Press.

Mady, W.S., R.S. David, G.B. Jerald, F.-D. Peter, and M.O.M. Patrick. (1998). Gender and the propensity to enlist in the U.S. military. Gender Issues, 16(3).

Mankayi, N. (2006). Male constructions and resistance to women in the military. Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies, 34(2).

Martin, Brian. (1984). Uprooting War. London: Freedom Press.

Mazurana, D., A. Raven-Roberts & J. Parpart (Eds.). (2005). Gender, Con­flict and Peacekeeping. Rowman & Litlefield Publishers.

McGowan, Jeffrey. (2005). Major Conflict: One Gay Man’s Life in the Don’t-Ask-Don’t Tell Military. Broadway Books.

McHugh, S. (1993). Minefields and Miniskirts: Australian Women and the Vietnam War. Sydney: Doubleday.

McWatters, Anthony. (2005). Australian Women and War. Australian Defence Force Journal, No.166: 34-45.

Mead, Margaret. (year?). And Keep Your Powder Dry.

Michel, Andree. (1995). Militarisation of contemporary societies and feminism in the North. Chapter 3 in Ashworth, Georgina. (ed.). A Diplomacy of the Oppressed: New Directions in International Feminism. London/New Jersey: Zed Books.

Miller, Laura L. (1997). Not just weapons of the weak: Gender harassment as a form of protest for army men. Social Psychology Quarterly. 60: 32-51.

Misra, Amalendu. (2015). The Landscape of Silence: Sexual violence against men in war. London: Hurts & Company.

Moon, K. H. S. (1997) Sex Among Allies. New York: Columbia UP.

Moore, Bruce. (1993). A Lexicon of Cadet Language: Royal Military College, Duntroon, in the Period 1983-1985. Canberra: Australian National Dictionary Centre, Australian National University.

Moran, L.J. (1991). The uses of homosexuality: Homosexuality for national security. International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 19(2), May.

Moser, Caroline O.N., and Fiona Clark. (eds.). (2001). Victims, Perpetrators or Actors?: Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence. London; New York: Zed Books.
Pt. I. Contextual Issues on Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence.
1. Introduction / Caroline O. N. Moser; Fiona C. Clark.
2. The Gendered Dynamics of Armed Conflict and Political Violence / Cynthia Cockburn.
3. The Gendered Continuum of Violence and Conflict: An Operational Framework / Caroline O. N. Moser.
Pt. II. The Politics of Victimization: Sexual Abuse and Violence.
4. The Political Economy of Rape: An Analysis of Systematic Rape and Sexual Abuse of Women during Armed Conflict in Africa / Meredeth Turshen.
5. The Body of the Other Man: Sexual Violence and the Construction of Masculinity, Sexuality and Ethnicity in the Croatian Media / Dubravka Zarkov.
Pt. III. Gender, Power and Agency.
6. Rethinking Women’s Struggles in Israel-Palestine and in the North of Ireland / Simona Sharoni.
7. Women and Communal Conflict: New Challenges for the Women’s Movement in India / Urvashi Butalia.
Pt. IV. Women as Actors in Armed Conflict and Political Violence.
8. El Salvador: War and Untold Stories - Women Guerrillas / Ana Cristina Ibanez.
Pt. V. ‘Doing’ and ‘Being’: Questions of Identity in Displacement.
9. The Nostalgic Future: Terror, Displacement and Gender in Colombia / Donny Meertens.
Pt. VI. Agency and Identity in Building Sustainable Peace.
10. Social Organizations: From Victims to Actors in Peace Building / Isabel Coral Cordero.
11. The Challenge to Inequality: Women, Discrimination and Decision-making in Northern Ireland / Marie Mulholland.
12. Gender and Social Capital in Contexts of Political Violence: Community Perceptions from Colombia and Guatemala / Caroline O. N. Moser; Cathy McIlwaine.
Pt. VII. Gender and Voice in Truth and Reconciliation.
13. Locked into Loss and Silence: Testimonies of Gender and Violence at the South Africa Truth Commission / Antjie Krog.

Nantais, Cynthia, and Martha F. Lee. (1999). Women in the United States Military: Protectors or protected? The case of prisoner of war Melissa Rathbun-Nealy. Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 8 Number 2, July.

Nixen, Peter. (1994). The gay blade unsheathed: Unmasking the morality of military manhood in the 1990s: An examination of the U.S. Military ban on gays. UMKC Law Review, Summer, Vol. 62 No. 4.

Olsson, L., I. Skjelsbaek, Barth E. Fredrikke, and K. Hostens. (2004). Gender aspects of conflict interventions: Intended and unintended consequences. International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).

Østvik, K., & Rudmin, F. (2001). Bullying and hazing among Norwegian army soldiers: Two studies of prevalence, context, and cognition. Military Psychology, 13(1), 17.

Papic, Zarana. (1994). Nationalism, patriarchy and war in ex-Yugoslavia. Women’s History Review, 3(1), March, pp. 115-117.

Pershing, J. L. (2006). Men and Women’s Experiences with Hazing in a Male-Dominated Elite Military Institution. Men and Masculinities 8(4):470–92.

Pettman, Jan J. (1996). Worlding Women: A Feminist International Politics. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. Includes;
Men, masculinities and war.
Women making peace.
Women in the wars.

Polusny, M. A., & Murdoch, M. (2005). Sexual assault among male veterans. Psychiatric Times, 22(4): 34-38.

Reardon, Betty. (1993). Women and Peace: Feminist Visions of Global Security. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Reid-Cunningham, Ruby A. (2008). Rape as a Weapon of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 3(3): 279-296.

Richard, G. (1980). Women in combat? Two views. Army Magazine, 2, 44, pp. 54-60.

Ruddick, Sara. (1989). Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace. Boston: Beacon Press.

Rycenga, Jennifer. (2000). Frontline Feminisms: Women, War, and Resistance. Garland.

Santoli, Al. (year?). Everything We Had: An Oral History of the Vietnam War.

Sartelle, Joe. (1993). Fantasies of straight men: Some thoughts about gays in the military. Bad Subjects, Issue No. 5, March/April.

Sasson-Levy, O. (2008). Individual Bodies, Collective State Interests: The Case of Israeli Combat Soldiers. Men and Masculinities, 10(3): 296-321.

Sasson-Levy, O. (2011). The military in a globalized environment: Perpetuating an ‘extremely gendered’ organization. Handbook of gender, work and organization, 391-411.

Sasson-Levy, O., & Amram-Katz, S. (2007). Gender integration in Israeli officer training: Degendering and regendering the military. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 33(1), 105-133.

Sasson-Levy, Orna. (2003). Feminism and Military Gender Practices: Israeli Women Soldiers in “Masculine” Roles. Sociological Inquiry, 73(3), August, pp. 440-465.

Schaftenaar, S. (2017). How (wo) men rebel: Exploring the effect of gender equality on nonviolent and armed conflict onset. Journal of Peace Research, 54(6), 762-776.

Schmookler, Andrew. (1988). Out of Weakness: Healing the Wounds That Drive Us to War. New York: Bantam Books.

Segal, Mady Wechsler. (1995). Women’s military roles cross-nationally: Past, present, and future. Gender & Society, 9(6), December.

Shair-Rosenfield, S., & Wood, R. M. (2017). Governing well after war: How improving female representation prolongs post-conflict peace. The Journal of Politics, 79(3), 995-1009.

Shefer, T., and N. Mankayi (2007). The (Hetero)Sexualization of the Military and the Militarization of (Hetero)Sex: Discourses on Male (Hetero)Sexual Practices among a Group of Young Men in the South African Military. Sexualities, 10(2): 189-207.

Shelley, Nancy. (1983). Women and the prevention of nuclear war. In Denborough, Michael. (ed.). Australia and Nuclear War. Canberra: Croom Helm.

Simons, A. (2000). Women Can Never ‘Belong’ in Combat. Orbis, 44(3):1–11.

Sjoberg, L. (2013). Gendering global conflict: toward a feminist theory of war: Columbia University Press.

Smith, Hugh, and Ian McAllister. (1991). The changing military profession: Integrating women in the Australian Defence Force. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 27(3), November, pp. 369-391.

Spurling, Kathryn, and Elizabeth Greenhalgh. (eds). (2000). Women in Uniform: Perceptions and pathways. [Canberra], School of History, Australian Defence Force Academy.

Stiehm, Judith. (2002). The U.S. Army War College: Military Education in a Democracy. Temple Univ Press.

Strange, Penny. (1983). It’ll Make a Man of You: A Feminist View of the Arms Race. Nottingham: Peace News/Mushroom Books.

Streicher, Ruth. (2012). Fashioning the Gentlemanly State. The Curious Charm of the Military Uniform in Southern Thailand. In International Feminist Journal of Politics, Special Issue: Masculinities and Practices of Violence in Conflict Settings, 470-488.

Sturdevant, Saundra and Brenda Stoltzfus. (1993). Let the Good Times Roll: Prostitution and the US Military in Asia. New York: The New Press.

Swerdlow, Amy. (1993). Women Strike for Peace: Traditional Motherhood and Radical Politics in the 1960s. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Szitanyi, Stephanie. (2020). Gender Trouble in the U.S. Military: Challenges to Regimes of Male Privilege. Springer International Publishing.

Taylor, A., and M. J. Hardman. (2004). War, Language and Gender, What New Can be Said? Framing the Issues. Women and Language 27(2): 3.

Thompson, Alistair. (1989). ‘Steadfast until death’? C.E.W. Bean and the representation of Australian military manhood. Australian Historical Studies, Vol. 23 No. 93.

Tickner, J. Ann. (2001). Gendering World Politics. Columbia U Press (includes Chapter 2, “Gendered Dimensions of War, Peace, and Security”).

Turshen, M., & Twagiramariya, C. (1998). What women do in wartime: Gender and conflict in Africa.

van Creveld, Martin. (2000). A Woman’s Place: A Reflection on the Origins of Violence. Social Research, 67(3), 825-847. 

Vickers, Jeanne. (1993). Women and War. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed Books.

Vittachi, Anuradha. (1991). Our boys, our toys. New Internationalist, July.

Walbank, [Agostino] K. (1992). Female Officers in the RAN: Problems and prospects. Journal of the Australian Naval Institute, 8(3), pp. 11-15.

Weinstein, Laurie, and Christie C. White. (eds.). (1997). Wives and Warriors: Women and the Military in the United States and Canada. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.

Welber, Winni S. (1993). Lesbians in the Military Speak Out. Florida: Madwoman Press.

Whitworth, Susan. (1997). Gender, race and the politics of peacekeeping. In Moxon-Browne, Edward. (ed.). A Future for Peacekeeping?. Macmillan.

Whitworth, Susan. (2004). Men, Militarism, and UN Peacekeeping: A Gendered Analysis. Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Whitworth, Susan. (2008). Feminist perspectives. In P. D. Williams (Ed.), Security Studies. An Introduction (pp. 103-115), Routledge.

Wilke, A. M., & Cooper, J. (2021). Gender Gaps in Support for Vigilante Violence.

Wither, J. K. (2004). Battling bullying in the British Army 1987–2004. The Journal of Power Institutions in Post- Soviet Societies. Pipss. (1).

Wolinsky, M., & Sherrill, K. (Eds.). (1993). Gays and the military: Joseph Steffan versus the United States. Princeton University Press.

Wood, R., & Ramirez, M. D. (2018). Exploring the microfoundations of the gender equality peace hypothesis. International Studies Review, 20(3), 345-367.Woodward, R., & Winter, P. (2007). Sexing the soldier: The politics of gender and the contemporary British Army. Routledge.

Woodward, Rachel. & Winter, Patricia. (2006). Gender and the limits to diversity in the contemporary British Army. Gender, Work and Organisation, Vol. 13 No. 1 January: 

Wright, H. (2014). Masculinities, conflict and peacebuilding: Perspectives on men through a gender lens. London: Saferworld.

Zalewski, Marysia, and Jane Parpart. (eds.). (1998). The “Man” Question in International Relations. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Zarkov, Dubravka & Cynthia Cockburn (eds.). (2002). The Postwar Moment: Militaries, Masculinities and International Peacekeeping. London: Lawrence & Wishart.

Zeeland, Steven. (1993). Barrack Buddies and Soldier Lovers: Dialogues With Gay Young Men in the US Military. New York: Hayworth.

Zeeland, Steven. (1995). Sailors and Sexual Identity: Crossing the Line Between ‘Straight’ and ‘Gay’ in the U.S. Navy. New York: Harrington Park Press.

Zurbriggen, E. L. (2008). Sexualized Torture and Abuse at Abu Ghraib Prison: Feminist Psychological Analyses. Feminism & Psychology 18(3): 301–20.