Shifting masculinities, resistance to hegemonic masculinity [NEW]

Note: This section focuses on accounts of shifting, new, and hybrid masculinities, discourses of ‘crisis’ among men or boys, men’s and boys’ resistance to hegemonic or patriarchal masculinities, and related areas. Of course, many of the works listed in other sections addresss this area as well, and items without the term ‘crisis’ in the title may explore this area. On men’s and boys’ resistance to hegemonic masculinity, also see the section on men, feminism and gender equality. On men’s and boys’ resistance to or rejection of homophobia and heterosexism, see the section on gay men, homophobia and masculinity.


Adamson, A. (2017). Divergent Masculinity Discourses among Stellenbosch Student Males: Traditional Masculinity and the Progressive Male/New Man Discourse. Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University.

Bach, A. S. (2019). The ambiguous construction of nondominant masculinity: configuring the “new” man through narratives of choice, involved fatherhood, and gender equality. Men and Masculinities, 22(2), 338-359.

Bridges, T., & Pascoe, C. J. (2014). Hybrid masculinities: new directions in the sociology of men and masculinities. Sociology Compass, 8(3), 246–258.

Bridges, T., & Pascoe, C. J. (2016). Masculinities and post-homophobias. In Exploring masculinities, eds. C.J. Pascoe and T. Bridges. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 412-423.

Buchbinder, D. (2003). ‘Past and Future Tense’: The Crisis in Masculinity. In Future Imaginings: Sexualities and Genders in the New Millennium, eds Delys Bird, Wendy Were and Terri-ann White, 27-40. Crawley, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press.

Christofidou, A. (2021). Men and masculinities: a continuing debate on change. NORMA, 16(2), 81-97.

Collier, Richard. (1996). Coming Together?: Post-Heterosexuality, Masculine Crisis and the New Men’s Movement. Feminist Legal Studies, 4(1), February, pp. 3-48.

Coyle, A. & Morgan-Sykes, C. (1998). Troubled men and threatening women: the construction of “crisis” in male mental health. Feminism and Psychology, 8 (3), 263–84.

Dupuis-Déri, Francis. (2019). La Crise de la masculinité: autopsie d’un mythe tenace (The Crisis of Masculinity: Autopsy of a Persistent Myth). Montréal: Remue-ménage Publishing.

Edström, J.; Aly, R.; Greig, A. and Walker, C. with Babenko, S.; Çağlar, M.; Kudaibergenova, D. and Müller, C. (2019). Masculinities and Transition: Enduring Privilege? Brighton, UK: IDS.

Eisen, D. B., & Yamashita, L. (2019). Borrowing from femininity: The caring man, hybrid masculinities, and maintaining male dominance. Men and Masculinities, 22(5), 801-820.

Elbers, F. (2019). The Future of Men – Men, Masculinities and Gender Equality. Analize–Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies, 4.

Elliott, K. (2019). Negotiations between Progressive and ‘Traditional’ Expressions of Masculinity among Young Australian Men. Journal of Sociology, 55(1), 108-123. 10.1177/1440783318802996

Elliott, K. (2020). Bringing in margin and centre: ‘open’ and ‘closed’ as concepts for considering men and masculinities. Gender, Place & Culture, 1-22. doi:10.1080/0966369X.2020.1715348

Fefferman, A. M., & Upadhyay, U. D. (2018). Hybrid masculinity and young men’s circumscribed engagement in contraceptive management. Gender & Society, 32(3), 371-394.

Flood, M. (2008). Bent Straights: Diversity and flux among heterosexual men. Intimate Citizenships: Gender, Subjectivity, Politics. Ed. E.H. Oleksy. Routledge.

Gill, R. (2003). Power and the Production of Subjects: A Genealogy of the New Man and the New Lad. The Sociological Review, 51(1_suppl), 34-56.

Gough, B., Milnes, K., & Turner-Moore, T. (2019). Young masculinities across five European countries: performing under pressure. Journal of Youth Studies, 1-14.

Griffin, Christine. (2000). Discourses of Crisis and Loss: Analysing the ‘Boys’ Underachievement’ Debate. Journal of Youth Studies, 3(2): 167-188.

Gulliver-Terry, A. (2018). How do adult men experience and respond to norms of masculinity and what part (if any) does resistance play in their wellbeing? University of Surrey.

Haslop, C., & O’Rourke, F. (2021). ‘I mean, in my opinion, I have it the worst, because I am white. I am male. I am heterosexual’: questioning the inclusivity of reconfigured hegemonic masculinities in a UK student online culture. Information, Communication & Society, 24(8), 1108-1122.

Hearn, Jeff. (1999). A Crisis in Masculinity, or New Agendas for Men?. Chapter 9 in Sylvia Walby, (ed.). New Agendas for Women. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Heartfield, James. (2002). There is no masculinity crisis. Genders Online Journal 35.

Heasley, R. (2005). Queer Masculinities of Straight Men: A Typology. Men and Masculinities, 7(3): 310-320.

Herz, M. (2018). ‘Becoming’ a Possible Threat: Masculinity, Culture and Questioning among Unaccompanied Young Men in Sweden. Identities, 1-19.

Jewkes, R., & Morrell, R. (2018). Hegemonic masculinity, violence, and gender equality: using latent class analysis to investigate the origins and correlates of differences between men. Men and Masculinities, 21(4), 547-571.

Jordan, A., & Chandler, A. (2019). Crisis, What Crisis? A Feminist Analysis of Discourse on Masculinities and Suicide. Journal of Gender Studies, 28(4), 462-474. 10.1080/09589236.2018.1510306

Knuttila, Murray. (2016). Defending, Resisting and Costing the Patriarchal Dividend. In Paying for Masculinity: Boys, Men and the Patriarchal Dividend. Fernwood.

Lamont, E. (2015). The limited construction of an egalitarian masculinity: College-educated men’s dating and relationship narratives. Men and Masculinities, 18(3), 271-292.

Lemon, J. (1995). Masculinity in Crisis? Agenda: Empowering Women for Gender Equity, (24), 61–71.

Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T., & Ridge, D. (2016). New Ways of Being a Man: “Positive” Hegemonic Masculinity in Meditation-Based Communities of Practice. Men and Masculinities, 19(3), 289-310.

Lorello, J. A. (2019). Disrupting Maculinity and Patriarchy: Stories of men transforming. PhD, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Mac an Ghaill, Máirtín. (1996). ‘What About the Boys?’ Schooling, Class and Crisis Masculinity. Sociological Review, 44(3), August, pp. 381-397.

Magrath, R., & Scoats, R. (2019). Young Men’s Friendships: Inclusive Masculinities in a Post-University Setting. Journal of Gender Studies, 28(1), 45-56. 10.1080/09589236.2017.1388220

Malin, B. (2003). Memorializing White Masculinity: the Late 1990s “Crisis of Masculinity” and the “Subversive Performance” of Man on the Moon. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 27(3): 239-255.

Malin, Brenton J. (2005). American Masculinity Under Clinton: Popular Media and the Nineties “Crisis of Masculinity.” New York: Peter Lang.

McDowell, Linda. (2000). The Trouble With Men? Young people, gender transformations and the crisis of masculinity. International Journal of Urban & Regional Research, 24(1): 201-209, Mar.

McQueen, C., and K. Henwood. (2002). Young men in ‘crisis’: attending to the language of teenage boys’ distress. Social Science & Medicine, 55(9): 1493-1509.

Munsch, C. L., & Gruys, K. (2018). What Threatens, Defines: Tracing the Symbolic Boundaries of Contemporary Masculinity. Sex Roles, 79(7-8), 375-392.

Paechter, C. (2019). Where are the feminine boys? Interrogating the positions of feminised masculinities in research on gender and childhood. Journal of Gender Studies, 28(8), 906-917.

Pfaffendorf, J. (2017). Sensitive cowboys: Privileged young men and the mobilization of hybrid masculinities in a therapeutic boarding school. Gender & Society, 31(2), 197-222.

Ripley, M. (2018). The Integration of British Undergraduate Men’s Public and Private Masculinities. Journal of Gender Studies, 27(3), 288-300.

Roberts, S. (2013). Boys Will Be Boys… Won’t They? Change and Continuities in Contemporary Young Working-Class Masculinities. Sociology, 47(4), 671-686.

Roberts, S. (ed.). (2014). Debating Modern Masculinities: Change, Continuity, Crisis?. Springer.
Introduction: Masculinities in Crisis? Opening the Debate / Roberts, Steven

Roberts, W. H. (2012). An Empirical Study of Student Masculinities in an International School: Towards a Concept Of ‘Third Culture’ masculinity. Thesis.

Robinson, Sally. (2000). Marked Men: White Masculinity in Crisis. Columbia University Press.

Rogers, L. O., & Way, N. (2016). “I Have Goals to Prove All Those People Wrong and Not Fit Into Any One of Those Boxes” Paths of Resistance to Stereotypes Among Black Adolescent Males. Journal of Adolescent Research, 31(3), 263-298.

Singleton, A. (2007). Boys in Crisis? Australian Adolescent Males beyond the Rhetoric. Journal of Men’s Studies, 15(3): 361.

Sobotka, T. C. (2020). Not Your Average Joe: Pluralistic Ignorance, Status, and Modern Sexism. Men and Masculinities, 1097184X20901578.

Taylor, Brian. (2006). Responding to Men in Crisis: Masculinities, Distress and the Postmodern Political Landscape. Routledge.

Umamaheswar, J. (2020). “Changing the channel”: Hybrid masculinity in a men’s prison. Incarceration, 1(2), 2632666320957854. doi:10.1177/2632666320957854

Walzer, Andrew. (2002). Narratives of Contemporary Male Crisis: The (Re)production of a National Discourse. Journal of Men’s Studies, 10(2), Winter.

Way, N., Cressen, J., Bodian, S., Preston, J., Nelson, J., & Hughes, D. (2014). “It might be nice to be a girl… Then you wouldn’t have to be emotionless”: Boys’ resistance to norms of masculinity during adolescence. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(3), 241.

Whitmer, J. M. (2017). “A progression and a regression at the same time”: Hybrid masculinities and entrepreneurial selfhood. The Journal of Men’s Studies, 25(2), 115-132.

Worthen, M. G. F. (2020b). The Young and the Prejudiced? Millennial Men, “Dude Bro” Disposition, and LGBTQ Negativity in a US National Sample. Sexuality Research and Social Policy. doi:10.1007/s13178-020-00458-6