Note: Also see this section on “Guns, men, masculinities, and gender”.
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Barry, Kathleen. (2010). Unmaking War Remaking Men: How Empathy Can Reshape Our Politics, Our Soldiers and Ourselves. Melbourne: Spinifex Press.
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Borchert, Susan Danziger. (1983). Masculinity and the Vietnam War. Michigan Academician, 15(2), Winter (Also in Men’s Studies Review, 6(3)).
Bourke, Joanna. (1995). Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War. London: Reaktion Books.
Bracewell, W. (2000). Rape in Kosovo: Masculinity and Serbian Nationalism. Nations and Nationalism, Volume 6, Number 4, October, pp. 563-590.
Braudy, Leo. (2003). From Chivalry to Terrorism: War and the changing nature of masculinity. Knopf.
Brown, Melissa T. (2012). Enlisting Masculinity: The Construction of Gender in U.S. Military Recruiting Advertising during the All-Volunteer Force. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Carlton, Eric. (2001). Militarism as a ‘test of manhood’. pp. 166-179; IN; Militarism: Rule Without Law. Aldershot, England & Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate.
Chisholm, A., & Tidy, J. (2017). Beyond the hegemonic in the study of militaries, masculinities, and war. Critical Military Studies, 3(2), 99-102.
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Clark, J. N. (2017). Masculinity and male survivors of wartime sexual violence: a Bosnian case study. Conflict, Security & Development, 17(4), 287-311. doi:10.1080/14678802.2017.1338422
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Connell, R.W. (2000). Arms and the man: The question of peace. Chapter 12 in The Men and the Boys. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.
Conway, D. (2008). The Masculine State in Crisis: State Response to War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa. Men and Masculinities, 10(4): 422-439.
Conway, Daniel. (2012). Masculinities, Militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign: War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa. Manchester University Press.
Critical Military Studies, Special issue: Masculinities at the Margins, 3(2), 2017;
Beyond the hegemonic in the study of militaries, masculinities, and war / Amanda Chisholm & Joanna Tidy
Re-thinking hegemonic masculinities in conflict-affected contexts / Henri Myrttinen, Lana Khattab & Jana Naujoks
Clients, contractors, and the everyday masculinities in global private security / Amanda Chisholm
Combat as a moving target: masculinities, the heroic soldier myth, and normative martial violence / Katharine M. Millar & Joanna Tidy
Unmaking militarized masculinity: veterans and the project of military-to-civilian transition / Sarah Bulmer & Maya Eichler
Problematizing military masculinity, intersectionality and male vulnerability in feminist critical military studies / Marsha Henry
What’s the problem with the concept of military masculinities? / Marysia Zalewski
Living archives and Cyprus: militarized masculinities and decolonial emerging world horizons / Anna M. Agathangelou
Book Review: Holly Furneaux, Military men of feeling: emotion, touch and masculinity in the Crimean War / Catherine Baker
Cuordileone, K. A. (2005). Manhood and American Political Culture in the Cold War. New York: Routledge.
Cuordileone, Kyle. (2002). Politics in an Age of Anxiety: Masculinity, the Vital Center, and American Political Culture in the Cold War, 1949-1963. Routledge.
Dawson, Graham. (1994). Soldier Heroes: British Adventure, Empire and the Imagining of Masculinities. London & New York: Routledge.
de Albuquerque, C. and Paes‐Machado, E. (2004). The hazing machine: the shaping of Brazilian military police recruits. Policing and Society, 14(2): 175-192.
De Oca, J. M. (2005). “As our muscles get softer, our missile race becomes harder”: Cultural citizenship and the “muscle gap”. Journal of Historical Sociology, 18(3): 145-172.
Diedrich, Lisa L. (1998). Hysterical men: Shell-shock and the destabilisation of masculinity. In Shildrick, Margrit and Janet Price. (eds.). Vital Signs: Feminist Reconfigurations of the Bio/logical Body. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Donald, Ralph R. (1992). Masculinity and machismo in Hollywood’s war films. In Craig, Steve. (ed.). Men, Masculinity and the Media. Newbury Park: Sage.
Ducat, Stephen. (2004). The Wimp Factor: Gender gaps, holy wars, and the politics of anxious masculinity. Beacon Press.
Dudink, Stefan, Karen Hagenamm, and John Tosh. (eds.). (2004). Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering modern history. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Duncanson, C. (2006). Forces for Good: Changing Military Masculinities in the UK Armed Forces. New Voices, New Perspectives, United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), March.
Duncanson, C. (2009). Forces for Good? Narratives of Military Masculinity in Peacekeeping Operations. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 11(1): 63-80.
Duncanson, C. (2010). Do Forces for Good Contain Real Men? Military Masculinities in the British Army on Operations Other Than War. In War, Ethics and Justice: New Perspectives on a Post-9/11 World by Annika Bergman-Rosamond & Mark Phythian (eds) (Routledge).
Duncanson, C. (2013). Forces for Good? Military Masculinities and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan and Iraq. Palgrave Macmillan.
Duriesmith, D. (2017). Masculinity and New War: The gendered dynamics of contemporary armed conflict. London and New York: Routledge.
Duriesmith, D., & Holmes, G. (2019). The Masculine Logic of DDR and SSR in the Rwanda Defence Force. Security Dialogue, 0967010619850346. 10.1177/0967010619850346
Duriesmith, David. (2018). Hybrid warriors and the formation of new war masculinities: a case study of Indonesian foreign fighters. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 7 1: 1-16. doi:10.5334/sta.633
Easlea, B. (1987). Patriarchy, scientists, and nuclear warriors. In Kaufman, Michael. (ed.). Beyond Patriarchy: Essays by Men on Pleasure, Power and Change. New York: Oxford University Press.
Eberwein, Robert. (2007). Armed Forces: Masculinity and Sexuality in the American War Film. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Enloe, Cynthia. (2000). Masculinity as foreign policy issue. 5(36), October. URL: http://www.fpif.org/briefs/vol5/v5n36masculinitybody.html.
Faludi, Susan. (1999). Gone to soldiers, every one. Chapter Six in Stiffed: The Betrayal of the American Man, William Morrow & Company.
Finkel, M. A. (2002). Traumatic Injuries Caused by Hazing Practices. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 20(3): 228–33.
Fox, John, and Pease, Bob (2012). Military deployment, masculinity and trauma: reviewing the connections. Journal of Men’s Studies, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 16-31.
Frueh, B. C., S. M. Turner, D. C. Beidel, and S. P. Cahill. (2001). Assessment of social functioning in combat veterans with PSTD. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6(1): 79-90.
Garton, Stephen. (1998). War and masculinity in twentieth century Australia. Journal of Australian Studies, No. 56.
Gibson, James W. (1994). Warrior Dreams: Paramilitary Culture in Post-Vietnam America. New York: Hill & Wang.
Gill, L. (1997). Creating citizens, making men: The military and masculinity in Bolivia. Cultural Anthropology, 12(4), pp. 527-550.
Goldstein, Joshua S. (2001). War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
A puzzle: the cross-cultural consistency of gender roles in war.
Women warriors: the historical record of female combatants.
Bodies: the biology of individual gender.
Groups: bonding, hierarchy, and social identity.
Heroes: the making of militarized masculinity.
Conquests: sex, rape, and exploitation in wartime.
Reflections: the mutuality of gender and war.
Gottlieb, Roger S. (year?). Masculine identity and the desire for war. In Wartenberg, T. (ed.). Rethinking Power, SUNY Press.
Graham, Herman. (2001). Black, and Navy too: How Vietnam era African-American sailors asserted manhood through Black Power militancy. Journal of Men’s Studies, Volume 9 Number 2, Winter.
Grandstaff, Mark R. (2004). Visions of New Men: The Heroic Soldier Narrative in American Advertisements During World War II. Advertising & Society Review, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2004.
Gray, J. Glenn. (1992). The enduring appeals of battle. In May, Larry and Strikwerda, Robert. (eds.). Rethinking Masculinity: Philosophical Explorations in Light of Feminism, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.
Gray, J. Glenn. The Warriors: Reflections on Men in Battle.
Gustavsen, E. (2013). Equal treatment or equal opportunity? Male attitudes towards women in the Norwegian and US armed forces. Acta Sociologica, 56(4), 361-374.
Hale, H. C. (2008). The Development of British Military Masculinities through Symbolic Resources. Culture Psychology, 14(3): 305-332.
Hamber, B. (2015). There Is a Crack in Everything: Problematising Masculinities, Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice. Human Rights Review, 1-26.
Hearn, Jeff. (2011). Men/Masculinities: War/Militarism - Searching (for) the Obvious Connections? In: Making Gender, Making War: Violence, Military and Peacekeeping Practices, New York, USA: Routledge, pp. 35-48.
Higate, P. (2003). Military Masculinities: Identity and the State. New York: Greenwood
Higate, P. (2012). Drinking Vodka From The ‘Butt-Crack’: Men, Masculinities And Fratriarchy In The Private Militarized Security Company. International Feminist Journal Of Politics, 14(4), 450-469.
Higate, Paul R. (2006). Military Institutions. In Flood, M, Gardiner, JK, Pease, B and Pringle, K (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Men and Masculinities, (pp. 442-442), Routledge.
Higate, Paul R. (2007) Peacekeepers, Masculinities, and Sexual Exploitation. Men and Masculinities, July, 10(1): 99-119.
Higate, Paul R. (2007). Revealing the Soldier: Peacekeeping and Prostitution. In Herdt, G and Howe, C (Eds.), 21st Century Sexualities: Contemporary Issues in Health, Education and Rights, (pp. 198-202), Routledge.
Higate, Paul R. (ed.). (2003). Military Masculinities. New York: Praeger.
Higate, Paul R., and J. Hopton. (2004). War, militarism and masculinities. In Connell, RW, Hearn, J and Kimmel, M (Eds.), The Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities, (pp. 432-447), New York: Sage.
Honig, Bonnie. (2001). Foreign bridges, family ties, and new world masculinity. pp. 86-91; IN: Honig, Bonnie; Democracy and the Foreigner; Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Hooper, Charlotte. (2001). Manly States: Masculinities, International Relations, and Gender Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Pt. 1. Theorizing Masculinities.
Ch. 1. The Construction of Gender Identity.
Ch. 2. Masculinities and Masculinism.
Pt. 2. Masculinities, IR, and Gender Politics.
Ch. 3. Masculinities in International Relations.
Ch. 4. The Economist’s Masculine Credentials.
Ch. 5. The Economist, Globalization, and Masculinities.
Ch. 6. The Economist/IR Intertext.
Conclusion: IR and the (Re)Making of Hegemonic Masculinity.
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International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol. 14, No. 4, Dec 2012;
Rethinking Masculinity and Practices of Violence in Conflict Settings / Paul Kirby & Marsha Henry.
Drinking Vodka from the ‘Butt-Crack’ / Paul Higate.
Fashioning the Gentlemanly State / Ruth Streicher.
Looking Beyond Violent Militarized Masculinities / Luisa Maria Dietrich Ortega.
‘Cowboy’ Policing versus ‘the Softer Stuff’ / Marianne Bevan & Megan H. MacKenzie.
Muscular Interventionism / Maria O’Reilly.
Militarism, Patriarchy and Peace Movements / Cynthia Cockburn & Cynthia Enloe.
Militarized Masculinities and the Erasure of Violence / Aaron Belkin & Terrell Carver.
Annica Kronsell. Gender, Sex, and the Postnational Defense: Militarism and Peacekeeping / Catherine Baker.
Aaron Belkin. Bring Me Men: Military Masculinity and the Benign Façade of American Empire, 1898–2001 / Stephanie Szitanyi.
Elisabetta Ruspini, Jeff Hearn, Bob Pease and Keith Pringle (eds). Men and Masculinities Around the World. Transforming Men’s Practices / Penny Griffin.
Melissa T. Brown. Enlisting Masculinity: The Construction of Gender in U.S. Military Recruiting Advertising during the All-Volunteer Force / Amanda Conroy.
Janie L. Leatherman. Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict / Harriet Gray.
Raewyn Connell. Confronting Equality: Gender, Knowledge and Global Change / Angelique Bletsas.
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23. Nation / Joane Nagel, University of Kansas
24. Globalization and Its Mal(e)contents: The Gendered Moral and Political Economy of Terrorism / Michael Kimmel, SUNY Stony Brook
25. War, Militarism, and Masculinities / Paul Higate, University of Bristol and John Hopton, University of Manchester.
Kraska, Peter B. (2001). Playing war: Masculinity, militarism, and their real-world consequences. pp. 141-157; IN: Kraska, Peter B. (ed.). Militarizing the American Criminal Justice System: The Changing Roles of the Armed Forces and the Police; Boston: Northeastern University Press.
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