b) Critiques of men’s rights etc.

Note: Also see the section above on “Fathers’ rights”, as there is considerable overlap between men’s rights and fathers’ rights groups. Note that the full text of some of these critiques is available here. Other, non-academic critiques are here.


Allain, J. (2015). Finding common ground: A feminist response to men’s rights activism. Columbia University Academic Commons, http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D88G8K7J

Anahita, S. (2006). Blogging the Borders: Virtual Skinheads, Hypermasculinity, and Heteronormativity. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 34(1), 143.

Bacchetta, Paola, and Margaret Power. (eds.). (2002). Right-Wing Women: From Conservatives to Extremists Around the World. NY: Routledge.

Bailey, C. (2006). “Taking Back the Campus”: Right-Wing Feminism as the “Middle Ground”. Feminist Teacher, 16(3): 173.

Behre, K. A. (2015). Digging beneath the equality language: The influence of the fathers’ rights movement on intimate partner violence public policy debates and family law reform. William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, 21(3), 525602.

Blais, Melissa, and Francis Dupuis-Déri. (2012) Masculinism and the Antifeminist Countermovement. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest, 11:1, 21-39

Blodgett, B., & Salter, A. (2018). Ghostbusters Is for Boys: Understanding Geek Masculinity’s Role in the Alt-Right. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 133-146.

Blommaert, J. (2017). Online-Offline Modes of Identity and Community: Elliot Rodger's Twisted World of Masculine Victimhood. Tilburg Papers in Culture Studies, 200.

Boryczka, J. (2016) Suspect citizens: Women, virtue, and vice in backlash politics. Temple University Press, Philadelphia.

Braithwaite, Ann. (2004). Politics of/and Backlash. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 5(5): 18-33.

Burack, Cynthia, and Jyl J. Josephson (2002). Women and the American New Right: Feminist interventions. Women & Politics, 24(2).

Burke, Ronald J. (2013). Individual, organizational, and societal backlash against women. Chapter 14 in Ronald J. Burke and Debra A. Major, (eds.) (2013). Men in Organizations: Allies or adversaries to women’s career advancement. Edward Elger Publishers.

Cameron, D. (2015). Evolution, Language and the Battle of the Sexes: A Feminist Linguist Encounters Evolutionary Psychology. Australian Feminist Studies, 30(86), 351-358.

Canadian Journal of Women and the Law (2016). Special issue: Men’s Groups: Challenging Feminism, Volume 28, Issue 1, April 2016. http://www.utpjournals.press/toc/cjwl/28/1; https://muse.jhu.edu/issue/33394.

Carroll, Hamilton. (2011). Affirmative Reaction: New Formations of White Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Carver, T. (2003). Review of Spreading Misandry: the teaching of contempt for men in popular culture, by Nathanson, P and Young, KK. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 5: 480-481.

Chesler, Phyllis. (1994). The Men’s Auxilliary: Protecting the Rule of the Fathers. In Patriarchy: Notes of an Expert Witness, Morrow Maine: Common Courage Press.

Chowdhury, R. (2014). Conditions of Emergence: The Formation of Men’s Rights Groups in Contemporary India. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 21(1) 27–53.

Clatterbaugh, Kenneth. (1990). Counterattack: The Men’s Rights Movement. In Contemporary Perspectives on Masculinity: Men, Women, and Politics in Modern Society, Colarado & Oxford: Westview Press

Collier, Richard. (2003). Fathers’ rights, gender and welfare: Some questions for family law. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 31(4): 357-371.

Comerford, Lynn (2008). Fatherhood Movements. In O’Brien, Jodi A., Encyclopedia of Gender and Society. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage, pp. 283–88.

Crooms, Lisa. (2000). Families, Fatherlessness, and Women’s Human Rights: An Analysis of the Clinton Administration’s Public Housing Policy as a Violation of CEDAW. In Global Critical Race Feminism, edited by A. K. Wing.

Crowley, J.E., (2008). Defiant Dads: Fathers’ Rights Activists in America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Cudd, A. E. (2002). Analyzing backlash to progressive social movements. In A. M. Superson & A. E. Cudd (Eds.), Theorizing backlash (pp. 3-16). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

DeKeseredy, W. S., & Dragiewicz, M. (2018). Antifeminism and Backlash: A Critical Criminological Imperative Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology [2nd Edition] (pp. 334-347): Routledge.

DeKeseredy, W. S., Fabricius, A., & Hall-Sanchez, A. (2015). Fueling aggrieved entitlement: The contribution of Women Against Feminism postings. In W. S. DeKeseredy & L. Leonard (Eds.), CRIMSOC Report 4: Gender, Victimology & Restorative Justice (Vol. 4, pp. 1–33). Fullerton, CA: CRIMSOC.

Dematagoda, U. (2017). Revenge of the Nerds: Recidivist Masculinity, Identity Politics and the Online ‘Culture Wars’. Journal of Extreme Anthropology, 1(3), 139-148.

Dinner, D. (2016). The Divorce Bargain: The Fathers’ Rights Movement and Family Inequalities. Va. L. Rev., 102, 79.

Doyle, C. (2004). The Fathers Rights Movement: Extending patriarchal control beyond the marital family. In Herrmann P. Citizenship Revisited: Threats or Opportunities of Shifting Boundaries. Nova Science Pub Inc., pp. 57–88.

Dragiewicz, Molly. (2011). Equality with a Vengeance: Men’s Rights Groups, Battered Women, and Antifeminist Backlash. Northeastern University Press.
My Position as a Scholar
Chapter Outline
Antifeminist “Men’s Rights” and “Fathers’ Rights” Groups
The Social Ecology of Woman Abuse
Booth v. Hvass

Why Equal Protection Arguments Matter
The Equal Protection Claim
Claims and Evidence
Defense Response
Antifeminist Discourses on Woman Abuse
Patriarchy in Batterer Narratives
Learning from the Narratives of Men Who Batter Women
The Booth Plaintiffs’ Sources
Research Demonstrating Sex Differences in Violence against Intimates
Separation Assault
Sexual Assault
Sublethal Injury
Implications of Sex Differences in Violence against Intimates
Patriarchy, Gender, and Violence across the Social Ecology
Cultural Factors
Community Factors •
Interpersonal Factors
Change over Time (Chronosystem)
Interaction of Multiple Factors (Mesosystem)
Scholarly Evidence of Patriarchal Peer Support of Violence against Women
Directions for Future Research
Policy Recommendations

Dragiewicz, Molly. (2012). Tactics of antifeminist backlash: the view from advocates for abused women. In Carrington, Kerry, Ball, Matthew J., O’Brien, Erin, & Tauri, Juan (Eds.) Crime, Justice and Social Democracy: International Perspectives. Palgrave MacMillan, London, pp. 162-174.

Dufresne, Martin. (1993). The Male Lobby: Woman-Hating and Antifeminism in Action. Montreal: Montreal Men Against Sexism (13 pp.)

Dufresne, Martin. (1998). Masculinisme et criminalite sexiste. Recherches feministes, Vol. 11, NO. 2, pp. 125-137.

Dupeuis-Deri, F. (2016). State anti-feminism. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), 21-35.

Dworkin, Andrea. (1997). Mass Murder in Montreal. In Life and Death: Unapologetic Writings on the War Against Women, edited by A. Dworkin. New York: Free Press.

Elden, Sara. (2002). Gender politics in conservative men’s movements: Beyond complexity, ambiguity and pragmatism. NORA, 10(1), pp. 38-48.

Farrell, Warren, J. Steven Svoboda, and James P. Sterba. (2008). Does Feminism Discriminate against Men? A Debate. New York: Oxford University Press.
(1) Do We Need Men’s Studies?; (2) Do Men Have the Power?; (3) What the All-Male Draft and the Combat Exclusion of Women Tell Us about Men, Women, and Feminism; (4) Why Do Men Die Sooner, and Whose Health is Being Neglected?; (5) Domestic Violence: Who is Doing the Battering, and What’s the Solution?; (6) The Politics and Psychology of Rape, Sex, and Love; (7) Does the Criminal Justice System Discriminate against Men?; (8) Why Men Earn More: Discrimination? Choices?; (9) Are Women Doing Two Jobs while Men Do One?; (10) Marriage, Divorce, and Child Custody; (11) Does Popular Culture Discriminate against Men?; (12) Are Schools Biased against Girls? Or Boys?; (13) The Future of Feminism and Men.

Ferber, A. L., & Kimmel, M. (2000). Reading Right: The Western Tradition in White Supremacist Discourse. Sociological Focus, 33(2), 193-213.

Filipovic, J. (2007). Blogging While Female: How Internet Misogyny Parallels Real-World Harassment. Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, 19, 295-304.

Flood, M. (2007). What’s Wrong with Fathers’ Rights? In Men Speak Out: Views on gender, sex, and power. Ed. S. Tarrant. Routledge. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/whats-wrong-fathers-rights.)

Flood, M., Dragiewicz, M., & Pease, B. (2018). Evidence Review – Backlash to Gender Equality. Melbourne: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth).

Flood, Michael. (1997). Responding to Men’s Rights. XY: Men, Sex, Politics, 7(2), Spring. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/responding-mens-rights-groups

Flood, Michael. (2004). Backlash: Angry men’s movements. In S. E. Rossi. (ed.), The battle and backlash rage on: Why feminism cannot be obsolete (pp. 261-278). Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris Press. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/backlash-angry-mens-movements-0

Flood, Michael. (2007). Fathers’ Rights. The International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities, Eds. M. Flood, J.K. Gardiner, B. Pease, and K. Pringle. Taylor & Francis. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/fathers-rights-encyclopedia-entry-2007

Flood, Michael. (2010). ‘Fathers’ Rights’ and the Defense of Paternal Authority in Australia. Violence Against Women, 16(3), 328-347. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/fathers-rights-and-defence-paternal-authority-australia)

Frenier, M. D. (1984). American anti-feminist women: Comparing the rhetoric of opponents of the Equal Rights Amendment with that of opponents of women’s suffrage. Women’s Studies International Forum, 7(6), 455–465. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-5395(84)90017-7

Gahman, L. (2015). Gun Rites: Hegemonic Masculinity and Neoliberal Ideology in Rural Kansas. Gender, Place & Culture, 22(9), 1203-1219.

Garpvall, J. (2017). " I’m Tired of Being Sh-T on for Being White”: Collective Identity Construction in the Alt-Right Movement.

Gesterkamp, Thomas (2010): Geschlechterkampf von rechts: Wie Männerrechtler und Familienfundamentalisten sich gegen das Feindbild Feminismus radikalisieren. Bonn: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. ISBN 978-3-86872-270-3.

Ging, D. (2017). Alphas, Betas, and Incels: Theorizing the Masculinities of the Manosphere. Men and Masculinities, 1-20.

Girard, A. (2009). Backlash or equality? The influence of men’s and women’s rights discourses on domestic violence legislation in Ontario. Violence Against Women, 15(1), pp. 5-23.

Gotell, L. and Dutton, E. (2016). Sexual violence in the “manosphere’: Anti-feminist men’s rights discourses on rape. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), pp. 65-80.

Grant, J., & MacDonald, F. “The New/" Alt" Right, Toxic Masculinity, and Violence” Paper for Presentation at the 2018 Conference of the Canadian Political Science Association University of Regina, Saskatchewan.

Halperin-Kaddari, R. (2016). Backlash goes global: Men’s groups, patriarchal family policy and the false promise of gender-neutral laws. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1), 182-210.

Hanke, R. (1998). Theorizing Masculinity with/in the Media. Communication Theory, 8(2), 183-201.

Haste, Helen. (1993). Backlash!. Chapter 13 in The Sexual Metaphor. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf

Hawkesworth, Mary. (1999). Analyzing Backlash: Feminist Standpoint Theory as Analytical Tool. Women’s Studies International Forum, 22(2), March-April.

International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. (2016). Special issue: Fighting Feminism – Organised Opposition to Women’s Rights, 5(2).
Special Edition: Fighting Feminism – Organised Opposition to Women’s Rights; Guest Editors’ Introduction
Forks in the Road of Men’s Gender Politics: Men’s Rights vs Feminist Allies / Michael A Messner
State Antifeminism / Francis Dupuis-Déri
Masculist Groups in Poland: Aids of Mainstream Antifeminism / Katarzyna Wojnicka
The Harper Government’s New Right Neoliberal Agenda and the Dismantling of Status of Women Canada and the Family Violence Initiative / Ruth M Mann
Sexual Violence in the ‘Manosphere’: Antifeminist Men’s Rights Discourses on Rape / Lise Gotell, Emily Dutton
Defending Battered Women in the Public Sphere / Elizabeth Sheehy
The Trolls Disappear in the Light: Swedish Experiences of Mediated Sexualised Hate Speech in the Aftermath of Behring Breivik / Maria Edstrom
‘I’d just lose it if there was any more stress in my life’: Separated Fathers, Fathers’ Rights and the News Media / Vivienne Elizabeth
Book Reviews
Kristin J Anderson (2015) Modern Misogyny: Anti-Feminism in a Post-Feminist Era. Oxford University Press.
Ross Coomber, Joseph Donnermeyer, Karen McElrath and John Scott (2014) Key Concepts in Crime and Society. London: Sage.
Thomas Crofts, Murray Lee, Alyce McGovern and Sanja Milivojevic (2015) Sexting and Young People. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Johnson, D. (2018). From the Ruins: Neomasculinity, Media Franchising, and Struggles over Industrial Reproduction of Culture. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 85-99.

Johnson, J. (2018). The Self-Radicalization of White Men:“Fake News” and the Affective Networking of Paranoia. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 100-115.

Jordan, Ana. (2009). ‘Dads aren’t Demons. Mums aren’t Madonnas.’ Constructions of fatherhood and masculinities in the (real) Fathers 4 Justice campaign. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 31(4): 419–433.

Jordan, Ana. (2016). Conceptualising backlash: (UK) Men’s rights groups, anti-feminism and postfeminism. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1).

Kaye, Miranda, and Julia Tolmie. (1998a). Fathers’ rights groups in Australia and their engagement with issues of family law. Australian Journal of Family Law, 12(1), March, pp. 19-67.

Kaye, Miranda, and Julia Tolmie. (1998b). Discoursing dads: The rhetorical devices of fathers’ rights groups. Melbourne University Law Review, 22, pp. 162-194.

Kelly, A. (2017). The Alt-Right: Reactionary Rehabilitation for White Masculinity. Soundings, 66(66), 68-78.

Kemper, Andreas (2011): [R]echte Kerle: Zur Kumpanei der MännerRECHTSbewegung. Münster: Unrast-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-89771-104-4.

Kemper, Andreas (Ed.) (2012): Die Maskulisten: Organisierter Antifeminismus im deutschsprachigen Raum (The masculists: Organized antifeminism in German-speaking countries). Münster: Unrast-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-89771-523-3.

Kimmel, M. (2007). Racism as Adolescent Male Rite of Passage: Ex-Nazis in Scandinavia. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 36(2), 202-218.

Kimmel, M. S. (2003). Globalization and Its Mal (E) Contents: The Gendered Moral and Political Economy of Terrorism. International Sociology, 18(3), 603-620.

Kimmel, M., & Ferber, A. L. (2000). “White Men Are This Nation:” RightWing Militias and the Restoration of Rural American Masculinity. Rural Sociology, 65(4), 582-604.

Kimmel, Michael S. (2010). Misframing Men: The Politics of Contemporary Masculinities. Rutgers University Press. Includes;
8. Globalization and Its Mal(e)contents: Masculinity on the Extreme Right

Kimmel, Michael S. (2013). Angry White Men: American Masculinity at the End of an Era. New York: Nation Books.

Kor, R. M. (2018). Media Framing and Hegemonic Masculinity. uga.  

Koulouris, T. (2018). Online Misogyny and the Alternative Right: Debating the Undebatable. Feminist Media Studies, 18(4), 750-761.

Laidler, K., and R. Mann. (2008). Anti-feminist backlash and gender relevant crime initiatives in the global context. Feminist Criminology, 3(2), pp. 79-81.

Lamerichs, N., Nguyen, D., Melguizo, M. C. P., Radojevic, R., Business, C., & Lange-Böhmer, A. (2018). Elite Male Bodies: The Circulation of Alt-Right Memes and the Framing of Politicians on Social Media.

Leap, B. (2017). Survival Narratives: Constructing an Intersectional Masculinity through Stories of the Rural/Urban Divide. Journal of Rural Studies, 55, 12-21.

Lingard, B. and Douglas, P. (1999) Men engaging feminisms: Profeminism, Backlash and Schooling. Open University Press, New York.

Maddison, Sarah. (1999). Crossing Boundaries: Engaging with the men’s rights movement. Refractory Girl, No. 53, Spring, pp. 21-23.

Maddison, Sarah. (1999). Private Men, Public Anger: The Men’s Rights Movement in Australia. Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies. 4(2), December.

Mann, R. (2008). Men’s rights and feminist advocacy in Canadian domestic violence policy arenas: Contexts, dynamics and outcomes of anti-feminist backlash. Feminist Criminology, 3, pp. 44-75.

Marshall, S. E. (1985). Ladies against women: Mobilization dilemmas of antifeminist movements. Social Problems, 32(4), 348–362. https://doi.org/10.2307/800757

Marwick, A. E., & Caplan, R. (2018). Drinking Male Tears: Language, the Manosphere, and Networked Harassment. Feminist Media Studies, 18(4), 543-559.

Massanari, A. (2017). #Gamergate and the Fappening: How Reddit’s Algorithm, Governance, and Culture Support Toxic Technocultures. New Media & Society, 19(3), 329-346.

Massanari, A. L., & Chess, S. (2018). Attack of the 50-Foot Social Justice Warrior: The Discursive Construction of Sjw Memes as the Monstrous Feminine. Feminist Media Studies, 1-18.

McIntyre, S. et al (2000) Tracking and resisting backlash against equality gains in sexual offence law. Canadian Women’s Studies, 22(3), pp. 72-83.

McKay, Tom. (2015). 7 Tips on Gender Relations, According to Men’s Rights Activists and the “Manosphere”. http://mic.com/articles/125977/7-tips-on-gender-relations-according-to-men-s-rights-activists-and-the-manosphere#.dZMCpMpfU, September 30. Accessed, February 9, 2016.

Meier, Joan S. (2009). Parental Alienation Syndrome & Parental Alienation: Research Reviews. VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on
Violence Against Women (January).

Messner, Michael A. (1997). The Limits of ‘the Male Sex Role’: The Men’s Liberation and Men’s Rights Movements. In Politics of Masculinities: Men in Movements. University of Southern California: Sage Publications. (Also: Messner, Michael A. (1998). The Limits of ‘the Male Sex Role’: An Analysis of the Men’s Liberation and Men’s Rights Movements’ Discourse. Gender & Society, 12(3), June.)

Messner, Michael A. (2016). Forks in the road of men’s gender politics: Men’s rights versus feminist allies. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), pp. 6-20.

Mills, M. (2003) ‘Shaping the boys’ agenda: The backlash blockbusters’, International Journal of Inclusive Education, 7(1), pp. 57-63.

Minnich, Elizabeth K. (1998). Feminist Attacks on Feminisms: Patriarchy’s Prodigal Daughters. [Reviews of Works by Hoff Sommers, Patai and Koertge, Fox-Genovese, and Roiphe] Feminist Review, 24(1), Spring.

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Murrell, K. (2016). ‘Call Me Daddy’: The Politics and Rhetoric of Donald Trump’s Homonationalist Discourse in the Wake of Orlando: Diss. University of Bristol.

Nagle, A. (2015). An Investigation into Contemporary Online Anti-Feminist Movements. PhD thesis, Dublin City University, Dublin.

Nagle, A. (2016). The New Man of 4Chan. The Baffler(30), 64-76.

Nagle, A. (2017). Kill All Normies: Online Culture Wars from 4chan and Tumblr to Trump and the Alt-Right: John Hunt Publishing.

Nicholas, L., & Agius, C. (2018). # Notallmen,# Menenism, Manospheres and Unsafe Spaces: Overt and Subtle Masculinism in Anti-“Pc” Discourse The Persistence of Global Masculinism (pp. 31-59): Springer.

Norocel, O. C., Saresma, T., Lähdesmäki, T., & Ruotsalainen, M. (2018). Discursive Constructions of White Nordic Masculinities in Right-Wing Populist Media. Men and Masculinities, 1097184X18780459.Sculos, B. W. (2017). Who’s Afraid of ‘Toxic Masculinity’? Class, Race and Corporate Power, 5(3), 6.

Oakley, A. and Juliet Mitchell (eds.) (1997). Who’s afraid of feminism? Seeing through the backlash. New Press, New York.

Pape, P. (2011). Anti-feminist attacks, initiatives from feminist men and European policies: An overview of the current challenges. European Women’s Voice, Autumn, pp. 5-27.

Pierce, J. (2002) Racing for innocence: Whiteness, gender and the backlash against affirmative action. New York: Stanford University Press.

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Rosenbrock, Hinrich (2012): Die antifeministische Männerrechtsbewegung: Denkweisen, Netzwerke und Online-Mobilisierung (The antifeminist men’s rights movement: Mindsets, networks, and online mobilization). Berlin: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung. ISBN 978-3-86928-073-8.

Rush, Florence. (1990). The Many Faces of Backlash. In Leicholdt, Dorchen and Raymond, Janice G. (eds.). The Sexual Liberals and the Attack on Feminism. New York: Pergamon Press.

Salter, Michael. (2014). Men’s rights or men’s needs? Anti-feminism in Australian men’s health promotion. Paper to ‘Men’s groups: Challenging feminism’, Peter Wall Institute For Advanced Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, May 26-28.

Savran, David. (1996). The Sadomasochist in the Closet: White Masculinity and the Culture of Victimization. Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, 8(2)

Savran, David. (1998). Taking It Like a Man: White Masculinity, Masochism, and Contemporary American Culture. Princeton University Press.

Sawer, Marian. (2000). Women: Gender wars in the nineties. In Marian Simms and John Warhurst. (eds.). Howard’s Agenda: The 1998 Australian Election. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, pp. 149-158.

Schmidtz, R. and Kazyak, E. (2016). Masculinities in cyberspace: An analysis of portrayals of manhood in men’s rights websites. Social Sciences, 5, pp. 1-16.

Silva, K. and Mendes, K. (2015) Feminist erasures: Challenging backlash culture. Palgrave Macmillan, London.

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