b) Critiques of men’s rights etc.

Note: Also see the section above on “Fathers’ rights”, as there is considerable overlap between men’s rights and fathers’ rights groups. Note that the full text of some of these critiques is available here. Other, non-academic critiques are here.


Allain, J. (2015). Finding common ground: A feminist response to men’s rights activism. Columbia University Academic Commons, http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D88G8K7J

Allan, J. A. (2016). Phallic Affect, or Why Men’s Rights Activists Have Feelings. Men and Masculinities, 19(1), 22-41.

Alschech, J., & Saini, M. (2019). “Fathers’ Rights” Activism, Discourse, Groups and Impacts: Findings from a Scoping Review of the Literature. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 60(5), 362-388.

Anahita, S. (2006). Blogging the Borders: Virtual Skinheads, Hypermasculinity, and Heteronormativity. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 34(1), 143.

Bailey, C. (2006). “Taking Back the Campus”: Right-Wing Feminism as the “Middle Ground”. Feminist Teacher, 16(3).

Bard, C., Blais, M., & Dupuis-Déri, F. (2019). Antiféminismes et masculinismes d'hier et d'aujourd'hui [Antifeminisms and masculinisms of yesterday and today]. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Basu, S. (2016). Looking through misogyny: Indian men's rights activists, law, and challenges for feminism. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1), 45-68.Behre, K. A. (2015). Digging beneath the equality language: The influence of the fathers’ rights movement on intimate partner violence public policy debates and family law reform. William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, 21(3), 525602.

Bjarnegård, Elin and Erik Melander. (2017). Pacific Men: How Attitudes to Gender Equality Explain Hostility. Pacific Review 30(4): 478-493

Bjørnholt, Margunn, and Monika Grønli Rosten. (2020). Male Victims of Violence and Men’s Rights Struggles: A Perfect Match? Chapter 9 in Men, Masculinities and Intimate Partner Violence, eds. Lucas Gottzén, Margunn Bjørnholt and Floretta Boonzaier. London/New York: Routledge.

Blais, Melissa, and Francis Dupuis-Déri. (2012) Masculinism and the Antifeminist Countermovement. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest, 11:1, 21-39

Blais, Mélissa. (2020). Masculinist Discourses on Intimate Partner Violence: Antifeminist Men Defending White Heterosexual Male Supremacy. Chapter 6 in Men, Masculinities and Intimate Partner Violence, eds. Lucas Gottzén, Margunn Bjørnholt and Floretta Boonzaier. London/New York: Routledge.

Blodgett, B., & Salter, A. (2018). Ghostbusters Is for Boys: Understanding Geek Masculinity’s Role in the Alt-Right. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 133-146.

Blommaert, J. (2017). Online-Offline Modes of Identity and Community: Elliot Rodger’s Twisted World of Masculine Victimhood. Tilburg Papers in Culture Studies, 200.

Braithwaite, Ann. (2004). Politics of/and Backlash. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 5(5): 18-33.

Briguglio, Michael, and Christabelle Caruana. (2018). Men’s rights movement in Malta. Interface: a journal for and about social movements, 10(1-2): 279 – 296.

Canadian Journal of Women and the Law (2016). Special issue: Men’s Groups: Challenging Feminism, Volume 28, Issue 1, April 2016. http://www.utpjournals.press/toc/cjwl/28/1; https://muse.jhu.edu/issue/33394.

Cannold, L. (2008). Who’s the father? Rethinking the moral ‘crime’ of ‘paternity fraud’. Women’s Studies International Forum, 31(4), 249-256.

Carroll, Hamilton. (2011). Affirmative Reaction: New Formations of White Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Carver, T. (2003). Review of Spreading Misandry: the teaching of contempt for men in popular culture, by Nathanson, P and Young, KK. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 5: 480-481.

Chang, W. (2020). The monstrous-feminine in the incel imagination: investigating the representation of women as “femoids” on /r/Braincels. Feminist Media Studies, 1-17. doi:10.1080/14680777.2020.1804976

Chesler, Phyllis. (1994). The Men’s Auxilliary: Protecting the Rule of the Fathers. In Patriarchy: Notes of an Expert Witness, Morrow Maine: Common Courage Press.

Chess, S., & Shaw, A. (2015). A conspiracy of fishes, or, how we learned to stop worrying about# GamerGate and embrace hegemonic masculinity. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 59(1), 208-220.

Chowdhury, R. (2014). Conditions of Emergence: The Formation of Men’s Rights Groups in Contemporary India. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 21(1) 27-53.

Clatterbaugh, Kenneth. (1990). Counterattack: The Men’s Rights Movement. In Contemporary Perspectives on Masculinity: Men, Women, and Politics in Modern Society, Colarado & Oxford: Westview Press

Cockerill, M. (2019). Convergence on common ground: MRAs, memes and transcultural contexts of digital misogyny. In Gender Hate Online (pp. 87-110). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.Colley, T., & Moore, M. (2020). The challenges of studying 4chan and the Alt-Right:‘Come on in the water’s fine’. New Media & Society, 1461444820948803.

Collier, R. (2014). Men, gender and fathers’ rights ‘after legal equality’: New formations of rights and responsibility in family justice. In After Legal Equality (pp. 71-88): Routledge.

Coston, B. M., & Kimmel, M. (2012). White men as the new victims: reverse discrimination cases and the Men’s Rights Movement. Nev. LJ, 13, 368.

Coulling, R. (2020). Of Vice and Men: An Ethnographic Content Analysis of the Manosphere (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University).

Crooms, Lisa. (2000). Families, Fatherlessness, and Women’s Human Rights: An Analysis of the Clinton Administration’s Public Housing Policy as a Violation of CEDAW. In Global Critical Race Feminism, edited by A. K. Wing.

Dematagoda, U. (2017). Revenge of the Nerds: Recidivist Masculinity, Identity Politics and the Online ‘Culture Wars’. Journal of Extreme Anthropology, 1(3), 139-148.

Dignam, P. A., & Rohlinger, D. A. (2019). Misogynistic Men Online: How the Red Pill Helped Elect Trump. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 44(3), 589-612. doi:10.1086/701155

Dowling, D. O., Goetz, C., & Lathrop, D. (2019). One Year of #Gamergate: The Shared Twitter Link as Emblem of Masculinist Gamer Identity. Games and Culture, 1555412019864857.

Dragiewicz, Molly. (2011). Equality with a Vengeance: Men’s Rights Groups, Battered Women, and Antifeminist Backlash. Northeastern University Press.
My Position as a Scholar
Chapter Outline
Antifeminist “Men’s Rights” and “Fathers’ Rights” Groups
The Social Ecology of Woman Abuse
Booth v. Hvass

Why Equal Protection Arguments Matter
The Equal Protection Claim
Claims and Evidence
Defense Response
Antifeminist Discourses on Woman Abuse
Patriarchy in Batterer Narratives
Learning from the Narratives of Men Who Batter Women
The Booth Plaintiffs’ Sources
Research Demonstrating Sex Differences in Violence against Intimates
Separation Assault
Sexual Assault
Sublethal Injury
Implications of Sex Differences in Violence against Intimates
Patriarchy, Gender, and Violence across the Social Ecology
Cultural Factors
Community Factors •
Interpersonal Factors
Change over Time (Chronosystem)
Interaction of Multiple Factors (Mesosystem)
Scholarly Evidence of Patriarchal Peer Support of Violence against Women
Directions for Future Research
Policy Recommendations

Dragiewicz, Molly. (2012). Tactics of antifeminist backlash: the view from advocates for abused women. In Carrington, Kerry, Ball, Matthew J., O’Brien, Erin, & Tauri, Juan (eds.) Crime, Justice and Social Democracy: International Perspectives. Palgrave MacMillan, London, pp. 162-174.

Dufresne, Martin. (1993). The Male Lobby: Woman-Hating and Antifeminism in Action. Montreal: Montreal Men Against Sexism (13 pp.)

Dufresne, Martin. (1998). Masculinisme et criminalite sexiste. Recherches feministes, Vol. 11, NO. 2, pp. 125-137.

Dworkin, Andrea. (1997). Mass Murder in Montreal. In Life and Death: Unapologetic Writings on the War Against Women, edited by A. Dworkin. New York: Free Press.

Elden, Sara. (2002). Gender politics in conservative men’s movements: Beyond complexity, ambiguity and pragmatism. NORA, 10(1), pp. 38-48.

Farrell, T., Fernandez, M., Novotny, J., & Alani, H. (2019). Exploring Misogyny across the Manosphere in Reddit. Paper presented at WebSci ‘19 Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Web Science.

Farrell, T., Araque, O., Fernandez, M., & Alani, H. (2020, July). On the use of Jargon and Word Embeddings to Explore Subculture within the Reddit’s Manosphere. In 12th ACM Conference on Web Science (pp. 221-230).

Farrell, Warren, J. Steven Svoboda, and James P. Sterba. (2008). Does Feminism Discriminate against Men? A Debate. New York: Oxford University Press.
(1) Do We Need Men’s Studies?; (2) Do Men Have the Power?; (3) What the All-Male Draft and the Combat Exclusion of Women Tell Us about Men, Women, and Feminism; (4) Why Do Men Die Sooner, and Whose Health is Being Neglected?; (5) Domestic Violence: Who is Doing the Battering, and What’s the Solution?; (6) The Politics and Psychology of Rape, Sex, and Love; (7) Does the Criminal Justice System Discriminate against Men?; (8) Why Men Earn More: Discrimination? Choices?; (9) Are Women Doing Two Jobs while Men Do One?; (10) Marriage, Divorce, and Child Custody; (11) Does Popular Culture Discriminate against Men?; (12) Are Schools Biased against Girls? Or Boys?; (13) The Future of Feminism and Men.

Ferber, A. L., & Kimmel, M. (2000). Reading Right: The Western Tradition in White Supremacist Discourse. Sociological Focus, 33(2), 193-213.

Filipovic, J. (2007). Blogging While Female: How Internet Misogyny Parallels Real-World Harassment. Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, 19, 295-304.

Fitzgerald, K. C. (2020). Mapping the Manosphere: A Social Network Analysis of the Manosphere on Reddit. Naval Postgraduate School.

Flood, M. (2007). What’s Wrong with Fathers’ Rights? In Men Speak Out: Views on gender, sex, and power. Ed. S. Tarrant. Routledge. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/whats-wrong-fathers-rights.)

Flood, M., Dragiewicz, M., & Pease, B. (2018). Evidence Review – Backlash to Gender Equality. Melbourne: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth).

Flood, M., Dragiewicz, M., & Pease, B. (2020). Resistance and backlash to gender equality. Australian Journal of Social Issues.

Flood, Michael. (1997). Responding to Men’s Rights. XY: Men, Sex, Politics, 7(2), Spring. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/responding-mens-rights-groups

Flood, Michael. (2004). Backlash: Angry men’s movements. In S. E. Rossi. (ed.), The battle and backlash rage on: Why feminism cannot be obsolete (pp. 261-278). Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris Press. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/backlash-angry-mens-movements-0

Flood, Michael. (2007). Fathers’ Rights. The International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities, Eds. M. Flood, J.K. Gardiner, B. Pease, and K. Pringle. Taylor & Francis. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/fathers-rights-encyclopedia-entry-2007

Flood, Michael. (2010). ‘Fathers’ Rights’ and the Defense of Paternal Authority in Australia. Violence Against Women, 16(3), 328-347. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/fathers-rights-and-defence-paternal-authority-australia)

Flood, Michael. (2012). Separated Fathers and the ‘Fathers’ Rights’ Movement. Journal of Family Studies, 18(3): 235-245.

Flood, M., O’Donnell, J., Brewin, B., and Myors, B. (2020). Engaging Men: Reducing Resistance and Building Support. Melbourne: Eastern Health, Eastern Domestic Violence Service (EDVOS), and Queensland University of Technology (QUT).

Gahman, L. (2015). Gun Rites: Hegemonic Masculinity and Neoliberal Ideology in Rural Kansas. Gender, Place & Culture, 22(9), 1203-1219.

Ging, D. (2017). Alphas, Betas, and Incels: Theorizing the Masculinities of the Manosphere. Men and Masculinities, 1-20.

Ging, D., & Siapera, E. (eds.). (2019). Gender Hate Online: Understanding the New Anti-Feminism. Palgrave Macmillan.

Girard, A. (2009). Backlash or equality? The influence of men’s and women’s rights discourses on domestic violence legislation in Ontario. Violence Against Women, 15(1), pp. 5-23.

Gotell, L. and Dutton, E. (2016). Sexual violence in the “manosphere’: Anti-feminist men’s rights discourses on rape. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), pp. 65-80.

Graff, A., Kapur, R., & Walters, S. D. (2019). Introduction: Gender and the Rise of the Global Right. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 44(3), 541-560.

Grant, J., & MacDonald, F.  (2018). The New/ “Alt” Right, Toxic Masculinity, and Violence. Paper for Presentation at the 2018 Conference of the Canadian Political Science Association, University of Regina, Saskatchewan.

Halperin-Kaddari, R., & Freeman, M. A. (2016). Backlash goes global: Men's groups, patriarchal family policy, and the false promise of gender-neutral laws. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1), 182-210.

Hanke, R. (1998). Theorizing Masculinity with/in the Media. Communication Theory, 8(2), 183-201.

Heritage, F., Koller, V., Krendel, A., & Hawtin, A. (2019). Mantrap: A Corpus Approach to Researching Gender in Online Misogynist Communities. 12th BAAL LGaS SIG.

Hodapp, C. (2017). Men’s Rights, Gender, and Social Media. Rowman & Littlefield.

Hoffman, B., Ware, J., & Shapiro, E. (2020). Assessing the Threat of Incel Violence. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 43(7), 565-587. doi:10.1080/1057610X.2020.1751459

Horta Ribeiro, M., Blackburn, J., Bradlyn, B., De Cristofaro, E., Stringhini, G., Long, S., ... & Zannettou, S. (2020). From Pick-Up Artists to Incels: A Data-Driven Sketch of the Manosphere. arXiv, arXiv-2001.

International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. (2016). Special issue: Fighting Feminism – Organised Opposition to Women’s Rights, 5(2).
Special Edition: Fighting Feminism – Organised Opposition to Women’s Rights; Guest Editors’ Introduction
Forks in the Road of Men’s Gender Politics: Men’s Rights vs Feminist Allies / Michael A Messner
State Antifeminism / Francis Dupuis-Déri
Masculist Groups in Poland: Aids of Mainstream Antifeminism / Katarzyna Wojnicka
The Harper Government’s New Right Neoliberal Agenda and the Dismantling of Status of Women Canada and the Family Violence Initiative / Ruth M Mann
Sexual Violence in the ‘Manosphere’: Antifeminist Men’s Rights Discourses on Rape / Lise Gotell, Emily Dutton
Defending Battered Women in the Public Sphere / Elizabeth Sheehy
The Trolls Disappear in the Light: Swedish Experiences of Mediated Sexualised Hate Speech in the Aftermath of Behring Breivik / Maria Edstrom
‘I’d just lose it if there was any more stress in my life’: Separated Fathers, Fathers’ Rights and the News Media / Vivienne Elizabeth.

Jaki, S., De Smedt, T., Gwóźdź, M., Panchal, R., Rossa, A., & De Pauw, G. (2019). Online hatred of women in the Incels.me forum: Linguistic analysis and automatic detection. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 7(2), 240-268.

Johansson, E., & Lilja, M. (2013). Understanding power and performing resistance: Swedish feminists, civil society voices, biopolitics and “angry” men. NORA-Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 21(4), 264-279.

Johansson, K., Andersson, E., Johansson, M., & Lidestav, G. (2019). The discursive resistance of men to gender-equality interventions: negotiating “unjustness” and “unnecessity” in Swedish forestry. Men and Masculinities, 22(2), 177-196.

Johnson, D. (2018). From the Ruins: Neomasculinity, Media Franchising, and Struggles over Industrial Reproduction of Culture. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 85-99.

Johnson, J. (2018). The Self-Radicalization of White Men: “Fake News” and the Affective Networking of Paranoia. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 100-115.

Johnson, J. (2019). Affective Radicalization and White Masculinity. Feminist Media Studies, 19(2), 297-299.

Jones, C., Trott, V., & Wright, S. (2019). Sluts and soyboys: MGTOW and the production of misogynistic online harassment. New Media & Society, 0(0), 1461444819887141. doi:10.1177/1461444819887141

Jordan, A. (2019). Backlash Men’s Movements Part 1: (Real) Fathers 4 Justice, Bourgeois-Rational and New Man/New Father Masculinities. Chapter 6 in The New Politics of Fatherhood (pp. 193-246). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Jordan, A. (2019). Backlash Men’s Movements Part 2: (Real) Fathers 4 Justice, Hypermasculinity and Fathers as Superheroes. Chapter 7 in The New Politics of Fatherhood (pp. 247-286). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Jordan, A. (2019). Gender, Social Movements and the Politics of Backlash. Chapter 2 in The New Politics of Fatherhood (pp. 31-68). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Jordan, A. (2019). Postfeminist Men’s Movements: The Campaign Against Living Miserably and Male Suicide as ‘Crisis’. Chapter 5 in The New Politics of Fatherhood (pp. 165-191). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Jordan, Ana. (2009). ‘Dads aren’t Demons. Mums aren’t Madonnas.’ Constructions of fatherhood and masculinities in the (real) Fathers 4 Justice campaign. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 31(4): 419-433.

Jordan, Ana. (2016). Conceptualizing backlash: (UK) Men’s rights groups, anti-feminism and postfeminism. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1).

Kaye, Miranda, and Julia Tolmie. (1998a). Fathers’ rights groups in Australia and their engagement with issues of family law. Australian Journal of Family Law, 12(1), March, pp. 19-67.

Kaye, Miranda, and Julia Tolmie. (1998b). Discoursing dads: The rhetorical devices of fathers’ rights groups. Melbourne University Law Review, 22, pp. 162-194.

Kelly, A. (2017). The Alt-Right: Reactionary Rehabilitation for White Masculinity. Soundings, 66(66), 68-78.

Kemper, Andreas (2011): [R]echte Kerle: Zur Kumpanei der MännerRECHTSbewegung. Münster: Unrast-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-89771-104-4.

Kemper, Andreas (ed.) (2012): Die Maskulisten: Organisierter Antifeminismus im deutschsprachigen Raum (The masculists: Organized antifeminism in German-speaking countries). Münster: Unrast-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-89771-523-3.

Kempton, A. (2017). Masculinity at the Fringes: A Discursive Analysis of Men’s Rights Activism. Presentation, ALIA-Europe Junior Researcher’s Conference, Vienna, Austria. September 2017.

Kempton, A. (2019). But What About Men? Constructions of Victimhood in Men’s Rights Activism Groups Online. Presentation, Faking It Conference, Sussex, UK, July 2019. Presentation. URL: https://alexkemptoncom.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/but-what-about-men-f…

Khan, A. (2019). Text Mining to Understand Gender Issues: Stories from The Red Pill, Men's Rights, and Feminism Movements. University of Waterloo.

Kimmel, M. (2007). Racism as Adolescent Male Rite of Passage: Ex-Nazis in Scandinavia. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 36(2), 202-218.

Kimmel, M. S. (2003). Globalization and Its Mal(E) Contents: The Gendered Moral and Political Economy of Terrorism. International Sociology, 18(3), 603-620.

Kimmel, M., & Ferber, A. L. (2000). “White Men Are This Nation”: RightWing Militias and the Restoration of Rural American Masculinity. Rural Sociology, 65(4), 582-604.

Kimmel, Michael S. (2010). Misframing Men: The Politics of Contemporary Masculinities. Rutgers University Press. Includes;
8. Globalization and Its Mal(e)contents: Masculinity on the Extreme Right

Kimmel, Michael S. (2013). Angry White Men: American Masculinity at the End of an Era. New York: Nation Books.

Kor, R. M. (2018). Media Framing and Hegemonic Masculinity. uga.

Koulouris, T. (2018). Online Misogyny and the Alternative Right: Debating the Undebatable. Feminist Media Studies, 18(4), 750-761.

Lamerichs, N., Nguyen, D., Melguizo, M. C. P., Radojevic, R., Business, C., & Lange-Böhmer, A. (2018). Elite Male Bodies: The Circulation of Alt-Right Memes and the Framing of Politicians on Social Media.

Laskovtsov, A. (2020). Navigating the Manosphere: An Examination of the Incel Movements’ Attitudes of Sexual Aggression and Violence Against Women (Doctoral dissertation, Eastern Kentucky University).

LaViolette, J., & Hogan, B. (2019). Using Platform Signals for Distinguishing Discourses: The Case of Men’s Rights and Men’s Liberation on Reddit. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media.

Leap, B. (2017). Survival Narratives: Constructing an Intersectional Masculinity through Stories of the Rural/Urban Divide. Journal of Rural Studies, 55, 12-21.

Lin, J. L. (2017). Antifeminism Online. MGTOW (Men Going Their Own Way). In Digital Environments. Ethnographic Perspectives across Global Online and Offline Spaces (pp. 77–96). Bielefeld.

Lingard, B. and Douglas, P. (1999) Men Engaging Feminisms: Profeminism, Backlash and Schooling. Open University Press, New York.

Lokke, G. (2019). Cuckolds, Cucks, and Their Transgressions. Porn Studies, 6(2), 212-227.

Lonergan, M. D. (2018). The Surrealism of Men’s Rights Discourses on Sexual Assault Allegations: A Feminist Reading of Kafka’s the Trial. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender, Culture & Social Justice, 39(1), 18-30.

Maddison, Sarah. (1999). Crossing Boundaries: Engaging with the men’s rights movement. Refractory Girl, No. 53, Spring, pp. 21-23.

Maddison, Sarah. (1999). Private Men, Public Anger: The Men’s Rights Movement in Australia. Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies. 4(2), December.

Mann, R. (2008). Men’s rights and feminist advocacy in Canadian domestic violence policy arenas: Contexts, dynamics and outcomes of anti-feminist backlash. Feminist Criminology, 3, pp. 44-75.

Mantilla, K. (2013). Gendertrolling: Misogyny adapts to new media. Feminist Studies, 39(2), 563-570.

Marwick, A. E., & Caplan, R. (2018). Drinking Male Tears: Language, the Manosphere, and Networked Harassment. Feminist Media Studies, 18(4), 543-559.

Massanari, A. (2017). #Gamergate and the Fappening: How Reddit’s Algorithm, Governance, and Culture Support Toxic Technocultures. New Media & Society, 19(3), 329-346.

Massanari, A. L., & Chess, S. (2018). Attack of the 50-Foot Social Justice Warrior: The Discursive Construction of SJW Memes as the Monstrous Feminine. Feminist Media Studies, 1-18.

McIntyre, S. et al (2000) Tracking and resisting backlash against equality gains in sexual offence law. Canadian Women’s Studies, 22(3), pp. 72-83.

McKay, Tom. (2015). 7 Tips on Gender Relations, According to Men’s Rights Activists and the “Manosphere”. http://mic.com/articles/125977/7-tips-on-gender-relations-according-to-men-s-rights-activists-and-the-manosphere#.dZMCpMpfU, September 30. Accessed, February 9, 2016.

Meier, Joan S. (2009). Parental Alienation Syndrome & Parental Alienation: Research Reviews. VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on
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Menzies, Robert. (2001). Review of The War against Boys: How Misguided Feminism Is Harming Our Young Men, by Christina Hoff Sommers. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 13(1): 196-202.

Messner, Michael A. (1997). The Limits of ‘the Male Sex Role’: The Men’s Liberation and Men’s Rights Movements. In Politics of Masculinities: Men in Movements. University of Southern California: Sage Publications. (Also: Messner, Michael A. (1998). The Limits of ‘the Male Sex Role’: An Analysis of the Men’s Liberation and Men’s Rights Movements’ Discourse. Gender & Society, 12(3), June.)

Messner, Michael A. (2016). Forks in the road of men’s gender politics: Men’s rights versus feminist allies. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), pp. 6-20.

Mills, M. (2003) ‘Shaping the boys’ agenda: The backlash blockbusters’. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 7(1), pp. 57-63.

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Mountford, J. (2018). Topic Modeling the Red Pill. Social Sciences, 7(3), 42.

Nagle, A. (2015). An Investigation into Contemporary Online Anti-Feminist Movements. PhD thesis, Dublin City University, Dublin.

Nagle, A. (2016). The New Man of 4Chan. The Baffler(30), 64-76.

Nagle, A. (2017). Kill All Normies: Online Culture Wars from 4chan and Tumblr to Trump and the Alt-Right: John Hunt Publishing.

Nicholas, L., & Agius, C. (2018). # Notallmen,# Menenism, Manospheres and Unsafe Spaces: Overt and Subtle Masculinism in Anti-“PC” Discourse. The Persistence of Global Masculinism (pp. 31-59): Springer.

Nordvall, H., & Wieslander, M. (2019). When Gender Training Backlashes: Participants’ Resistance and the Fragility of Commonsensical Feminism. Adult Education Quarterly, 69(3), 207-224.

Norocel, O. C., Saresma, T., Lähdesmäki, T., & Ruotsalainen, M. (2018). Discursive Constructions of White Nordic Masculinities in Right-Wing Populist Media. Men and Masculinities, 1097184X18780459.

O’Donnell, J. (2020). Militant meninism: the militaristic discourse of Gamergate and Men’s Rights Activism. Media, Culture & Society, 0(0), 0163443719876624. doi:10.1177/0163443719876624

Sculos, B. W. (2017). Who’s Afraid of ‘Toxic Masculinity’? Class, Race and Corporate Power, 5(3), 6.

O’Malley, R. L., Holt, K., & Holt, T. J. (2020). An Exploration of the Involuntary Celibate (Incel) Subculture Online. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0(0), 0886260520959625. doi:10.1177/0886260520959625

Pease, B. (2020). The rise of angry white men: Resisting populist masculinity and the backlash against gender equality. In The Challenge of Right-wing Nationalist Populism for Social Work (pp. 55-68). Routledge.

Poland, B. (2016). Haters: Harassment, Abuse, and Violence Online. University of Nebraska Press. (Chapter: Misogynist Movements: Men’s Rights Activists and Gamergate).

Pollock, Scarlet, and Jo Sutton. (1985). Fathers’ Rights, Women’s Losses. In Klein and Steinberg. (eds.). Radical Voices. (Also in Women’s Studies International Forum, 8(6), pp. 593-599).

Powell, S., AhKing, M., & Hussénius, A. (2018). ‘Are we to become a gender university?’ Facets of resistance to a gender equality project. Gender, Work & Organization, 25(2), 127-143.

Rafail, P., & Freitas, I. (2019). Grievance Articulation and Community Reactions in the Men’s Rights Movement Online. Social Media + Society, 5(2), 2056305119841387. doi:10.1177/2056305119841387

Rollmann, H. (2016). Patriarchy and higher education: Organising around masculinities and misogyny on Canadian campuses. Culture, Society and Masculinities, 28(1), pp. 182-210.

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