b) Critiques of men’s rights etc.

Note: Also see the section above on “Fathers’ rights”, as there is considerable overlap between men’s rights and fathers’ rights groups. Note that the full text of some of these critiques is available here. Other, non-academic critiques are here.


Abdulla, Sara M. (2021). Underground Anti-woman and Incel Movements and Their Connections to Sexual Assault. In Geffner, R., White, J.W., Hamberger, L.K., Rosenbaum, A., Vaughan-Eden, V., Vieth, V.I. (Eds.). Handbook of Interpersonal Violence and Abuse Across the Lifespan: A Project of the National Partnership to End Interpersonal Violence Across the Lifespan (NPEIV). Springer.

Aiston, J., 2023. Digitally Mediated Misogyny and Critical Discourse Studies: Methodological and Ethical Implications. Modern Languages Open, (1), p.6. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3828/mlo.v0i0.454

Allain, J. (2015). Finding common ground: A feminist response to men’s rights activism. Columbia University Academic Commons, http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D88G8K7J

Allan, J. A. (2016). Phallic Affect, or Why Men’s Rights Activists Have Feelings. Men and Masculinities, 19(1), 22-41.

Alschech, J., & Saini, M. (2019). “Fathers’ Rights” Activism, Discourse, Groups and Impacts: Findings from a Scoping Review of the Literature. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 60(5), 362-388.

Anahita, S. (2006). Blogging the Borders: Virtual Skinheads, Hypermasculinity, and Heteronormativity. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 34(1), 143.

Anahita, S. (2020). The Drama of Predatory Heteromasculinity Online. In Gender, Sexuality and Race in the Digital Age. Eds. D. Nicole Farris · D’Lane R. Compton, and Andrea P. Herrera. Springer, Cham. (pp. 171-185).

Ash-Houchen, W. (2015). Perceptions of justice and gender role conflict among men’s rights activists (Doctoral dissertation).

Baele, S., Brace, L., & Ging, D. (2023). A diachronic cross-platforms analysis of violent extremist language in the Incel online ecosystem. Terrorism and Political Violence, 1-24.

Bailey, C. (2006). “Taking Back the Campus”: Right-Wing Feminism as the “Middle Ground”. Feminist Teacher, 16(3).

Banet-Weiser, S. (2021). ‘Ruined’ lives: Mediated white male victimhood. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 24(1), 60-80.

Barber, K. (2022). (Re)framing rape: A sociocognitive discourse analysis of sexual violence at the intersection of white and male supremacy. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

Barcellona, M. (2022). Incel violence as a new terrorism threat: A brief investigation between Alt-Right and Manosphere dimensions. Sortuz: Oñati Journal of Emergent Socio-Legal Studies, 11(2), 170-186.

Bard, C., Blais, M., & Dupuis-Déri, F. (2019). Antiféminismes et masculinismes d'hier et d'aujourd'hui [Antifeminisms and masculinisms of yesterday and today]. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Basu, S. (2016). Looking through misogyny: Indian men's rights activists, law, and challenges for feminism. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1), 45-68.

Basu, S. (2018). Hiding in Plain Sight: Disclosure, Identity, and the Indian Men’s Rights Movement. QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking, 5(3), 117-129. doi:10.14321/qed.5.3.0117

Bates, L. (2021). Men who hate women: From incels to pickup artists: The truth about extreme misogyny and how it affects us all. Sourcebooks, Inc.

Behre, K. A. (2015). Digging beneath the equality language: The influence of the fathers’ rights movement on intimate partner violence public policy debates and family law reform. William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, 21(3), 525602.

Berthelsen, S. C. F. (2021). Online anti-feminism within the Incel community and ideology. Ma thesis, Department of Gender Studies, Lund University.

Bjarnegård, Elin and Erik Melander. (2017). Pacific Men: How Attitudes to Gender Equality Explain Hostility. Pacific Review 30(4): 478-493

Bjørnholt, Margunn, and Monika Grønli Rosten. (2020). Male Victims of Violence and Men’s Rights Struggles: A Perfect Match? Chapter 9 in Men, Masculinities and Intimate Partner Violence, eds. Lucas Gottzén, Margunn Bjørnholt and Floretta Boonzaier. London/New York: Routledge.

Blais, Melissa, and Francis Dupuis-Déri. (2012) Masculinism and the Antifeminist Countermovement. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest, 11:1, 21-39

Blais, Mélissa. (2020). Masculinist Discourses on Intimate Partner Violence: Antifeminist Men Defending White Heterosexual Male Supremacy. Chapter 6 in Men, Masculinities and Intimate Partner Violence, eds. Lucas Gottzén, Margunn Bjørnholt and Floretta Boonzaier. London/New York: Routledge.

Blodgett, B., & Salter, A. (2018). Ghostbusters Is for Boys: Understanding Geek Masculinity’s Role in the Alt-Right. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 133-146.

Blommaert, J. (2017). Online-Offline Modes of Identity and Community: Elliot Rodger’s Twisted World of Masculine Victimhood. Tilburg Papers in Culture Studies, 200.

Bono, M. (2023). " Lonely and disaffected young men": a thematic content analysis of online posts by members of incel forums. Rutgers University-Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology.

Botto, M., & Gottzén, L. (2023). Swallowing and spitting out the red pill: young men, vulnerability, and radicalization pathways in the manosphere. Journal of Gender Studies, 1-13. doi:10.1080/09589236.2023.2260318

Braithwaite, Ann. (2004). Politics of/and Backlash. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 5(5): 18-33.

Bratich, J., & Banet-Weiser, S. (2019). From pick-up artists to incels: con(fidence) games, networked misogyny, and the failure of neoliberalism. International Journal of Communication, 13, 25.

Briguglio, Michael, and Christabelle Caruana. (2018). Men’s rights movement in Malta. Interface: a journal for and about social movements, 10(1-2): 279 – 296.

Brunt, B. J. V., Brunt, B. S. V., Taylor, C., Morgan, N., & Solomon, J. (2021). The Rise of the Incel Mission-Oriented Attacker. Violence and Gender, 0(0), null. doi:10.1089/vio.2020.0099.

Bujalka, E., Rich, B., & Bender, S. (2022). The Manosphere as an online protection racket: How the red pill monetizes male need for security in modern society. Fast capitalism, 19(1).

Byerly, C. M. (2020). Incels online reframing sexual violence. The Communication Review, 23(4), 290-308. doi:10.1080/10714421.2020.1829305

Canadian Journal of Women and the Law (2016). Special issue: Men’s Groups: Challenging Feminism, Volume 28, Issue 1, April 2016. http://www.utpjournals.press/toc/cjwl/28/1; https://muse.jhu.edu/issue/33394.

Cannito, M., & Mercuri, E. (2022). Fatherhood and gender relations in the manosphere: Exploring an Italian non-resident fathers’ online forum. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 25(4), 1010-1029.

Cannold, L. (2008). Who’s the father? Rethinking the moral ‘crime’ of ‘paternity fraud’. Women’s Studies International Forum, 31(4), 249-256.

Carian, E. K. (2022). The Inversive Sexism Scale: Endorsement of the Belief That Women Are Privileged. In E. K. Carian, A. DiBranco, & C. Ebin (Eds.), Male Supremacism in the United States: From Patriarchal Traditionalism to Misogynist Incels and the Alt-Right (pp. 21-47). Routledge. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003164722-3

Carian, E. K., A. DiBranco, & C. Ebin (Eds.). (2022). Male Supremacism in the United States: From Patriarchal Traditionalism to Misogynist Incels and the Alt-Right. Routledge. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003164722-3

Carroll, Hamilton. (2011). Affirmative Reaction: New Formations of White Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Carver, T. (2003). Review of Spreading Misandry: the teaching of contempt for men in popular culture, by Nathanson, P and Young, KK. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 5: 480-481.

Center for Countering Digital Hate. (2022). The Incelosphere: exposing pathways into incel communities and the harms they pose to women and children. London and Washington, DC: Center for Countering Digital Hate.

Chan, E. (2023). Technology-Facilitated Gender-Based Violence, Hate Speech, and Terrorism: A Risk Assessment on the Rise of the Incel Rebellion in Canada. Violence Against Women, 29(9), 1687-1718. doi:10.1177/10778012221125495

Chang, W. (2020). The monstrous-feminine in the incel imagination: investigating the representation of women as “femoids” on /r/Braincels. Feminist Media Studies, 1-17. doi:10.1080/14680777.2020.1804976

Chesler, Phyllis. (1994). The Men’s Auxilliary: Protecting the Rule of the Fathers. In Patriarchy: Notes of an Expert Witness, Morrow Maine: Common Courage Press.

Chess, S., & Shaw, A. (2015). A conspiracy of fishes, or, how we learned to stop worrying about# GamerGate and embrace hegemonic masculinity. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 59(1), 208-220.

Chowdhury, R. (2014). Conditions of Emergence: The Formation of Men’s Rights Groups in Contemporary India. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 21(1) 27-53.

Chua, Y. T., & Wilson, L. (2023). Beyond Black and White: the Intersection of Ideologies in Online Extremist Communities. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. doi:10.1007/s10610-023-09555-9

Clatterbaugh, Kenneth. (1990). Counterattack: The Men’s Rights Movement. In Contemporary Perspectives on Masculinity: Men, Women, and Politics in Modern Society, Colarado & Oxford: Westview Press

Cockerill, M. (2019). Convergence on common ground: MRAs, memes and transcultural contexts of digital misogyny. In Gender Hate Online (pp. 87-110). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Colley, T., & Moore, M. (2020). The challenges of studying 4chan and the Alt-Right: ‘Come on in the water’s fine’. New Media & Society, 1461444820948803.

Collier, R. (2014). Men, gender and fathers’ rights ‘after legal equality’: New formations of rights and responsibility in family justice. In After Legal Equality (pp. 71-88): Routledge.

Colpitts, Emily. (2020). Addressing Sexual Violence at Ontario Universities in the Context of Rising Anti-Feminist Backlash. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender, Culture, and Social Justice, 41(1).

Costello, W., Rolon, V., Thomas, A. G., & Schmitt, D. (2022). Levels of Well-Being Among Men Who Are Incel (Involuntarily Celibate). Evolutionary Psychological Science. doi:10.1007/s40806-022-00336-x

Coston, B. M., & Kimmel, M. (2012). White men as the new victims: reverse discrimination cases and the Men’s Rights Movement. Nev. LJ, 13, 368.

Cottee, S. (2021). Incel (E)motives: Resentment, Shame and Revenge. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 44(2), 93-114. doi:10.1080/1057610X.2020.1822589

Coulling, R. (2020). Of Vice and Men: An Ethnographic Content Analysis of the Manosphere. Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University.

Cousineau, L. S. (2021a). “Entitled to everything, responsible for nothing:” Gendered Discourses of Antifeminism, Biological Determinism, and Violence in Two Communities of Reddit’s Manosphere. AG About Gender-Rivista internazionale di studi di genere, 10(19).

Cousineau, L. S. (2021b). Masculinity in two reddit men’s communities: Feminism is foul, privilege is precarious, and being beta is bad.

Crooms, Lisa. (2000). Families, Fatherlessness, and Women’s Human Rights: An Analysis of the Clinton Administration’s Public Housing Policy as a Violation of CEDAW. In Global Critical Race Feminism, edited by A. K. Wing.

Currier, K. (2021). Personal Anguish or Public Spectacle?: Understanding Involuntary Celibacy as A Deviant Identity. Masters thesis, Auburn University.

Dad, N., & Khan, S. (2019). Mera Internet, Meri Marzi: Alternative Imaginings of Consent in Pakistani Online Spaces. Gender Hate Online: Understanding the New Anti-Feminism, 69-83.

Daly, S. E., & Reed, S. M. (2022). “I Think Most of Society Hates Us”: A Qualitative Thematic Analysis of Interviews with Incels. Sex Roles, 86(1), 14-33. doi:10.1007/s11199-021-01250-5

Daly, S. E., & Reed, S. M. (2022). Author Correction: “I Think Most of Society Hates Us”: A Qualitative Thematic Analysis of Interviews with Incels. Sex Roles, 87(1), 116-116. doi:10.1007/s11199-022-01288-z

Dayter, D., & Rüdiger, S. (2022). The Language of Pick-Up Artists: Online Discourses of the Seduction Industry: Routledge.

de Coning, A. (2020). Men's Rights Movement/Activism. The International Encyclopedia of Gender, Media, and Communication, 1-9.

DeCook, J. R., & Kelly, M. (2021). Interrogating the “incel menace”: assessing the threat of male supremacy in terrorism studies. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 1-21. doi:10.1080/17539153.2021.2005099

Dej, E., & Kilty, J. (2023). “Die alone, old, and let the cat eat your face”: anti-feminist backlash and academic cyber-harassment. Feminist Media Studies, 1-17. doi:10.1080/14680777.2023.2181140

DeKeseredy, Walter S. (2022). Men’s Rights, Gun Ownership, Racism, and the Assault on Women’s Reproductive Health Rights: Hidden Connections. Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence: Vol. 7: Iss. 3, Article 5. https://doi.org/10.23860/dignity.2022.07.03.05

Dematagoda, U. (2017). Revenge of the Nerds: Recidivist Masculinity, Identity Politics and the Online ‘Culture Wars’. Journal of Extreme Anthropology, 1(3), 139-148.

Díaz Fernández, S., García Mingo, E., & Fuentes, A. (2023). #TeamAlienadas: Anti-feminist ideologic work in the Spanish manosphere. European Journal of Women's Studies, 0(0), 13505068231173261. doi:10.1177/13505068231173261

Díaz-Fernández, S., & García-Mingo, E. (2022). The bar of Forocoches as a masculine online place: Affordances, masculinist digital practices and trolling. New Media & Society, 14614448221135631.

Díaz, P. C., & Valji, N. (2019). Symbiosis of misogyny and violent extremism. Journal of International Affairs, 72(2), 37-56.

Digby, T. (2003). Male trouble: Are men victims of sexism? Social Theory and Practice, 29(2), 247-273. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5840/soctheorpract200329212

Dignam, P. A., & Rohlinger, D. A. (2019). Misogynistic Men Online: How the Red Pill Helped Elect Trump. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 44(3), 589-612. doi:10.1086/701155

Dowling, D. O., Goetz, C., & Lathrop, D. (2019). One Year of #Gamergate: The Shared Twitter Link as Emblem of Masculinist Gamer Identity. Games and Culture, 1555412019864857.

Dragiewicz, Molly. (2011). Equality with a Vengeance: Men’s Rights Groups, Battered Women, and Antifeminist Backlash. Northeastern University Press.
My Position as a Scholar
Chapter Outline
Antifeminist “Men’s Rights” and “Fathers’ Rights” Groups
The Social Ecology of Woman Abuse
Booth v. Hvass

Why Equal Protection Arguments Matter
The Equal Protection Claim
Claims and Evidence
Defense Response
Antifeminist Discourses on Woman Abuse
Patriarchy in Batterer Narratives
Learning from the Narratives of Men Who Batter Women
The Booth Plaintiffs’ Sources
Research Demonstrating Sex Differences in Violence against Intimates
Separation Assault
Sexual Assault
Sublethal Injury
Implications of Sex Differences in Violence against Intimates
Patriarchy, Gender, and Violence across the Social Ecology
Cultural Factors
Community Factors
Interpersonal Factors
Change over Time (Chronosystem)
Interaction of Multiple Factors (Mesosystem)
Scholarly Evidence of Patriarchal Peer Support of Violence against Women
Directions for Future Research
Policy Recommendations

Dragiewicz, Molly. (2012). Tactics of antifeminist backlash: the view from advocates for abused women. In Carrington, Kerry, Ball, Matthew J., O’Brien, Erin, & Tauri, Juan (eds.) Crime, Justice and Social Democracy: International Perspectives. Palgrave MacMillan, London, pp. 162-174.

Dufresne, Martin. (1993). The Male Lobby: Woman-Hating and Antifeminism in Action. Montreal: Montreal Men Against Sexism (13 pp.)

Dufresne, Martin. (1998). Masculinisme et criminalite sexiste. Recherches feministes, Vol. 11, NO. 2, pp. 125-137.

Dworkin, Andrea. (1997). Mass Murder in Montreal. In Life and Death: Unapologetic Writings on the War Against Women, edited by A. Dworkin. New York: Free Press.

Eddington, S. M., Jarvis, C. M., & Buzzanell, P. M. (2023). Constituting affective identities: Understanding the communicative construction of identity in online men’s rights spaces. Organization, 30(1), 116-139.

Edstrom, J.; Khan, A.; Greig, A. and Skinner, C. (2023) ‘Grasping Patriarchal Backlash: A Brief for Smarter Countermoves’, Countering Backlash Briefing 1, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, DOI: 10.19088/BACKLASH.2023.002

Elden, Sara. (2002). Gender politics in conservative men’s movements: Beyond complexity, ambiguity and pragmatism. NORA, 10(1), pp. 38-48.

Farrell, T., Araque, O., Fernandez, M., & Alani, H. (2020, July). On the use of Jargon and Word Embeddings to Explore Subculture within the Reddit’s Manosphere. In 12th ACM Conference on Web Science (pp. 221-230).

Farrell, T., Fernandez, M., Novotny, J., & Alani, H. (2019). Exploring Misogyny across the Manosphere in Reddit. Paper presented at WebSci ‘19 Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Web Science.

Farrell, Warren, J. Steven Svoboda, and James P. Sterba. (2008). Does Feminism Discriminate against Men? A Debate. New York: Oxford University Press.
(1) Do We Need Men’s Studies?; (2) Do Men Have the Power?; (3) What the All-Male Draft and the Combat Exclusion of Women Tell Us about Men, Women, and Feminism; (4) Why Do Men Die Sooner, and Whose Health is Being Neglected?; (5) Domestic Violence: Who is Doing the Battering, and What’s the Solution?; (6) The Politics and Psychology of Rape, Sex, and Love; (7) Does the Criminal Justice System Discriminate against Men?; (8) Why Men Earn More: Discrimination? Choices?; (9) Are Women Doing Two Jobs while Men Do One?; (10) Marriage, Divorce, and Child Custody; (11) Does Popular Culture Discriminate against Men?; (12) Are Schools Biased against Girls? Or Boys?; (13) The Future of Feminism and Men.

Ferber, A. L., & Kimmel, M. (2000). Reading Right: The Western Tradition in White Supremacist Discourse. Sociological Focus, 33(2), 193-213.

Filipovic, J. (2007). Blogging While Female: How Internet Misogyny Parallels Real-World Harassment. Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, 19, 295-304.

Fitzgerald, K. C. (2020). Mapping the Manosphere: A Social Network Analysis of the Manosphere on Reddit. Naval Postgraduate School.

Flood, M. (2007). What’s Wrong with Fathers’ Rights? In Men Speak Out: Views on gender, sex, and power. Ed. S. Tarrant. Routledge. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/whats-wrong-fathers-rights.)

Flood, M., Dragiewicz, M., & Pease, B. (2018). Evidence Review – Backlash to Gender Equality. Melbourne: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth).

Flood, M., Dragiewicz, M., & Pease, B. (2020). Resistance and backlash to gender equality. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 393-408.

Flood, M., O’Donnell, J., Brewin, B., and Myors, B. (2020). Engaging Men: Reducing Resistance and Building Support. Melbourne: Eastern Health, Eastern Domestic Violence Service (EDVOS), and Queensland University of Technology (QUT).

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Flood, Michael. (2004). Backlash: Angry men’s movements. In S. E. Rossi. (ed.), The battle and backlash rage on: Why feminism cannot be obsolete (pp. 261-278). Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris Press. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/backlash-angry-mens-movements-0

Flood, Michael. (2007). Fathers’ Rights. The International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities, Eds. M. Flood, J.K. Gardiner, B. Pease, and K. Pringle. Taylor & Francis. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/fathers-rights-encyclopedia-entry-2007

Flood, Michael. (2010). ‘Fathers’ Rights’ and the Defense of Paternal Authority in Australia. Violence Against Women, 16(3), 328-347. (Copy available free from http://www.xyonline.net/content/fathers-rights-and-defence-paternal-authority-australia)

Flood, Michael. (2012). Separated Fathers and the ‘Fathers’ Rights’ Movement. Journal of Family Studies, 18(3): 235-245.

Gahman, L. (2015). Gun Rites: Hegemonic Masculinity and Neoliberal Ideology in Rural Kansas. Gender, Place & Culture, 22(9), 1203-1219.

García Mingo, E., & Díaz Fernández, S. (2022). Wounded men of feminism: Exploring regimes of male victimhood in the Spanish manosphere. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 13675494221140586.

Ging, D. (2017). Alphas, Betas, and Incels: Theorizing the Masculinities of the Manosphere. Men and Masculinities, 1-20.

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Ging, D., and Murphy, S. (2021). Tracking the Pilling Pipeline: Limitations, Challenges and a Call for New Methodological Frameworks in Incel and Manosphere Research. AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research2021https://doi.org/10.5210/spir.v2021i0.12174

Girard, A. (2009). Backlash or equality? The influence of men’s and women’s rights discourses on domestic violence legislation in Ontario. Violence Against Women, 15(1), pp. 5-23.

Gotell, L. and Dutton, E. (2016). Sexual violence in the “manosphere’: Anti-feminist men’s rights discourses on rape. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), pp. 65-80.

Graff, A., Kapur, R., & Walters, S. D. (2019). Introduction: Gender and the Rise of the Global Right. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 44(3), 541-560.

Grant, J., & MacDonald, F.  (2018). The New/ “Alt” Right, Toxic Masculinity, and Violence. Paper for Presentation at the 2018 Conference of the Canadian Political Science Association, University of Regina, Saskatchewan.

Greig, Alan. (2019). Masculinities and the Far-Right: Implications for Oxfam’s Work on Gender Justice. Oxfam.

Grunau, K., Bieselt, H. E., Gul, P., & Kupfer, T. R. (2022). Unwanted celibacy is associated with misogynistic attitudes even after controlling for personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 199, 111860. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2022.111860

Guy, R. (2020). Nation of men: Diagnosing manospheric misogyny as virulent online nationalism. Geo. J. Gender & L., 22, 601.

Habib, H., Srinivasan, P., & Nithyanand, R. (2022). Making a Radical Misogynist: How online social engagement with the Manosphere influences traits of radicalization. arXiv preprint arXiv:2202.08805.

Halperin-Kaddari, R., & Freeman, M. A. (2016). Backlash goes global: Men's groups, patriarchal family policy, and the false promise of gender-neutral laws. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(1), 182-210.

Halpin, M. (2022). Weaponized Subordination: How Incels Discredit Themselves to Degrade Women. Gender & Society, 36(6), 813-837. doi:10.1177/08912432221128545

Halpin, M., Richard, N., Preston, K., Gosse, M., & Maguire, F. (2023). Men who hate women: The misogyny of involuntarily celibate men. New Media & Society, 14614448231176777. https://doi.org/10.1177/14614448231176777

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Hanson, K. R., Pascoe, C. J., & Light, R. (2023). “It’s Getting Difficult to Be a Straight White Man”: Bundled Masculinity Grievances on Reddit. Sex Roles, 88(3), 169-186. doi:10.1007/s11199-022-01344-8

Helm, B., Scrivens, R., Holt, T. J., Chermak, S., & Frank, R. (2022). Examining incel subculture on reddit. Journal of crime and justice, 1-19.

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Hodapp, C. (2017). Men’s Rights, Gender, and Social Media. Rowman & Littlefield.

Hoffman, B., Ware, J., & Shapiro, E. (2020). Assessing the Threat of Incel Violence. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 43(7), 565-587. doi:10.1080/1057610X.2020.1751459

Hopton, K., & Langer, S. (2021). “Kick the XX out of your life”: An analysis of the manosphere’s discursive constructions of gender on Twitter. Feminism & Psychology, 0(0), 09593535211033461. doi:10.1177/09593535211033461.

Horta Ribeiro, M., Blackburn, J., Bradlyn, B., De Cristofaro, E., Stringhini, G., Long, S., ... & Zannettou, S. (2020). From Pick-Up Artists to Incels: A Data-Driven Sketch of the Manosphere. arXiv, arXiv-2001.

International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. (2016). Special issue: Fighting Feminism – Organised Opposition to Women’s Rights, 5(2).
Special Edition: Fighting Feminism – Organised Opposition to Women’s Rights; Guest Editors’ Introduction
Forks in the Road of Men’s Gender Politics: Men’s Rights vs Feminist Allies / Michael A Messner
State Antifeminism / Francis Dupuis-Déri
Masculist Groups in Poland: Aids of Mainstream Antifeminism / Katarzyna Wojnicka
The Harper Government’s New Right Neoliberal Agenda and the Dismantling of Status of Women Canada and the Family Violence Initiative / Ruth M Mann
Sexual Violence in the ‘Manosphere’: Antifeminist Men’s Rights Discourses on Rape / Lise Gotell, Emily Dutton
Defending Battered Women in the Public Sphere / Elizabeth Sheehy
The Trolls Disappear in the Light: Swedish Experiences of Mediated Sexualised Hate Speech in the Aftermath of Behring Breivik / Maria Edstrom
‘I’d just lose it if there was any more stress in my life’: Separated Fathers, Fathers’ Rights and the News Media / Vivienne Elizabeth.

Jaki, S., De Smedt, T., Gwóźdź, M., Panchal, R., Rossa, A., & De Pauw, G. (2019). Online hatred of women in the Incels. me forum: Linguistic analysis and automatic detection. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 7(2), 240-268.

Jane, E. A. (2018). Systemic misogyny exposed: Translating rapeglish from the manosphere with a random rape threat generator. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 21(6), 661-680.

Johanssen, J. (2023). Reconsidering trauma and symbolic wounds in times of online misogyny and platforms. Media, Culture & Society, 45(1), 191-201.

Johansson, E., & Lilja, M. (2013). Understanding power and performing resistance: Swedish feminists, civil society voices, biopolitics and “angry” men. NORA-Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 21(4), 264-279.

Johansson, K., Andersson, E., Johansson, M., & Lidestav, G. (2019). The discursive resistance of men to gender-equality interventions: negotiating “unjustness” and “unnecessity” in Swedish forestry. Men and Masculinities, 22(2), 177-196.

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