iii) Guns, violence, and crime

Anestis, M. D., & Anestis, J. C. (2015). Suicide rates and state laws regulating access and exposure to handguns. American Journal of Public Health, 105(10), 2049-2058.

Anglemyer, A., Horvath, T., & Rutherford, G. (2014). The accessibility of firearms and risk for suicide and homicide victimization among household members: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of internal medicine, 160(2), 101-110.

Azad, H. A., Monuteaux, M. C., Rees, C. A., Siegel, M., Mannix, R., Lee, L. K., . . . Fleegler, E. W. (2020). Child access prevention firearm laws and firearm fatalities among children aged 0 to 14 years, 1991-2016. JAMA Pediatrics, 174(5), 463-469.

Braga, Anthony. (2004). Gun Violence among Serious Young Offenders. Problem-Oriented Guides for Police, Problem-Specific Guides Series No. 23. Washington, D. C.: U. S. Department of Justice.

Branas, C. C., Richmond, T. S., Culhane, D. P., Ten Have, T. R., & Wiebe, D. J. (2009). Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assault. American Journal of Public Health, 99(11), 2034-2040.

Chapman, S., P. Alpers, K. Agho, and M. Jones. (2006). Australia’s 1996 gun law reforms: faster falls in firearm deaths, firearm suicides, and a decade without mass shootings. Injury Prevention, 12: 365-72.

Cock, Jacklyn. (2000). Weaponry and the Culture of Violence in South Africa. In Virginia Gamba (Ed.), with Clare Hansmann. Society under Siege, Vol. III: Managing Arms in South Africa. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.

Cohen, Dara Kay, Amelia Hoover Green, and Elisabeth Jean Wood. (2013). Wartime Sexual Violence: Misconceptions, Implications, and Ways Forward. Special Report of the United States Institute of Peace, February 2013.

Crifasi, C. K., Merrill-Francis, M., McCourt, A., Vernick, J. S., Wintemute, G. J., & Webster, D. W. (2018). Association between Firearm Laws and Homicide in Urban Counties. Journal of Urban Health, 95(3), 383-390. doi:10.1007/s11524-018-0273-3

Crifasi, C. K., Meyers, J. S., Vernick, J. S., & Webster, D. W. (2015). Effects of changes in permit-to-purchase handgun laws in Connecticut and Missouri on suicide rates. Preventive Medicine, 79, 43-49.

Dempsey, C. L., Benedek, D. M., Zuromski, K. L., Riggs-Donovan, C., Ng, T. H. H., Nock, M. K., . . . Ursano, R. J. (2019). Association of firearm ownership, use, accessibility, and storage practices with suicide risk among US Army soldiers. JAMA network open, 2(6), e195383-e195383.

Fleegler, E. W., Lee, L. K., Monuteaux, M. C., Hemenway, D., & Mannix, R. (2013). Firearm legislation and firearm-related fatalities in the United States. JAMA Internal Medicine, 173(9), 732-740.

Fleegler, E. W., Monuteaux, M., & Mannix, R. (2013). Firearm Legislation and Gun-Related Fatalities—Reply. JAMA Internal Medicine, 173(21), 2011-2012.

Florquin, Nicolas, and Christina Wille. (2004). A Common Tool: Firearms, Violence, and Crime. In Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.

Ghiani, M., Hawkins, S. S., & Baum, C. F. (2019). Associations between gun laws and suicides. American Journal of Epidemiology, 188(7), 1254-1261.

Ginwalla, R., Rhee, P., Friese, R., Green, D. J., Gries, L., Joseph, B., . . . Vercruysse, G. (2014). Repeal of the concealed weapons law and its impact on gun-related injuries and deaths. Journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 76(3), 569-575.

Gius, M. (2015). The effects of state and federal background checks on state-level gun-related murder rates. Applied Economics, 47(38), 4090-4101.

Gollub, E. L., & Gardner, M. (2019). Firearm legislation and firearm use in female intimate partner homicide using National Violent Death Reporting System data. Preventive Medicine, 118, 216-219. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.11.007

Goyal, M. K., Badolato, G. M., Patel, S. J., Iqbal, S. F., Parikh, K., & McCarter, R. (2019). State gun laws and pediatric firearm-related mortality. Pediatrics, 144(2), e20183283.

Gresham, M., & Demuth, S. (2020). Who owns a handgun? An analysis of the correlates of handgun ownership in young adulthood. Crime & Delinquency, 66(4), 541-571.

Griffin, R., Richardson, J. B., Kerby, J. D., & McGwin, G. (2018). A decompositional analysis of firearm-related mortality in the United States, 2001–2012. Preventive Medicine, 106, 194-199.

Hemenway, D. (2011). Risks and benefits of a gun in the home. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 5(6), 502-511.

Hemenway, David and Matthew Miller. (2004). Gun Threats Against and Self-defense Gun Use by California Adolescents. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine. Vol. 158. April, pp. 395-400.

Hepburn, L.M., and D. Hemenway. (2004). Firearm availability and homicide: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9(4): 417-440.

Jackson, T., & Marsh, N. (2013). Guns and Deaths: A Critical Review. Small Arms, Crime and Conflict (pp. 121-137): Routledge.

Jehan, F., Pandit, V., O’Keeffe, T., Azim, A., Jain, A., Tai, S. A., . . . Gries, L. (2018). The burden of firearm violence in the United States: stricter laws result in safer states. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 10(1), 11.

Kaufman, E. J., Morrison, C. N., Branas, C. C., & Wiebe, D. J. (2018). State firearm laws and interstate firearm deaths from homicide and suicide in the United States: a cross-sectional analysis of data by county. JAMA Internal Medicine, 178(5), 692-700.

Khalil, U. (2017). Do More Guns Lead to More Crime? Understanding the Role of Illegal Firearms. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 133, 342-361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2016.11.010

Kivisto, A. J., Ray, B., & Phalen, P. L. (2017). Firearm Legislation and Fatal Police Shootings in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 107(7), 1068-1075. doi:10.2105/ajph.2017.303770

Kleck, G. (2015). The Impact of Gun Ownership Rates on Crime Rates: A Methodological Review of the Evidence. Journal of Criminal Justice, 43(1), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2014.12.002

Kleck, G., Kovandzic, T., & Bellows, J. (2016). Does Gun Control Reduce Violent Crime? Criminal Justice Review, 41(4), 488-513. 10.1177/0734016816670457

Koper, C. S. (2020). Assessing the potential to reduce deaths and injuries from mass shootings through restrictions on assault weapons and other high‐capacity semiautomatic firearms. Criminology & Public Policy.

Kposowa, A., Hamilton, D., & Wang, K. (2016). Impact of firearm availability and gun regulation on state suicide rates. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior, 46(6), 678-696.

Lankford, A. (2016). Public Mass Shooters and Firearms: A Cross-National Study of 171 Countries. Violence and victims, 31(2), 187-199.

Lankford, A., Adkins, K. G., & Madfis, E. (2019). Are the Deadliest Mass Shootings Preventable? An Assessment of Leakage, Information Reported to Law Enforcement, and Firearms Acquisition Prior to Attacks in the United States. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 0(0), 1043986219840231. 10.1177/1043986219840231

Lanza, S. P. (2014). The effect of firearm restrictions on gun-related homicides across US states. Applied Economics Letters, 21(13), 902-905. doi:10.1080/13504851.2014.896977

Larkin, Ralph. (2008). Comprehending Columbine. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Lemieux, F. (2014). Effect of Gun Culture and Firearm Laws on Gun Violence and Mass Shootings in the United States: A Multi-Level Quantitative Analysis. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 9(1).

Madhavan, S., Taylor, J. S., Chandler, J. M., Staudenmayer, K. L., & Chao, S. D. (2019). Firearm Legislation Stringency and Firearm-Related Fatalities among Children in the US. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 229(2), 150-157.

Mann, J. J., & Michel, C. A. (2016). Prevention of Firearm Suicide in the United States: What Works and What Is Possible. American journal of psychiatry, 173(10), 969-979.

McLean, Chris. (ed). (1997). Comment, Special Issue: Responding to Issues of Guns and Violence, No. 3, Adelaide: Dulwich Centre.

McPhedran, S. (2016). A systematic review of quantitative evidence about the impacts of Australian legislative reform on firearm homicide. Aggression and violent behavior, 28, 64-72.

Metzl, J. M., & MacLeish, K. T. (2014). Mental Illness, Mass Shootings, and the Politics of American Firearms. American Journal of Public Health, 105(2), 240-249, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302242.

Miller, M., & Hemenway, D. (2008). Guns and Suicide in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 359(10), 989-991.

Monuteaux, M. C., Lee, L. K., Hemenway, D., Mannix, R., & Fleegler, E. W. (2015). Firearm Ownership and Violent Crime in the U.S.: An Ecologic Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49(2), 207-214. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2015.02.008

Moore, M. D. (2017). Firearm Prevalence and Homicide: An Examination of Urban and Suburban Counties. Criminal Justice Review, 42(3), 315-326. doi:10.1177/0734016817724198

Moore, M. D., & Bergner, C. (2016). The relationship between firearm ownership and violent crime. Justice Policy Journal, 13(1), 1-20.

Moser, Caroline. (2006). Reducing Urban Violence in Developing Countries. Policy Brief No 1. Washington D. C. Brookings Institution.

Newman, Katherine S., Cybelle Fox, David Harding, Jal Mehta, and Wendy Roth. (2004). Rampage: The Social Roots of School Shootings. NY: Basic Books.

Peres, Maria Fernanda Tourinho. (2004). Firearm-related Violence in Brazil: Country Report. Sao Paulo and Geneva: Center for the Study of Violence, University of Sao Paulo, Small Arms Survey, and WHO.

Reeping, P. M., Cerdá, M., Kalesan, B., Wiebe, D. J., Galea, S., & Branas, C. C. (2019). State gun laws, gun ownership, and mass shootings in the US: cross sectional time series. Bmj, 364, l542.

Resnick, S., Smith, R. N., Beard, J. H., Holena, D., Reilly, P. M., Schwab, C. W., & Seamon, M. J. (2017). Firearm deaths in America: can we learn from 462,000 lives lost? Annals of surgery, 266(3), 432.

Rodgers, Dennis. (2006). Living in the Shadow of Death: Gangs, Violence and Social Order in Urban Nicaragua, 1996 - 2002. Journal of Latin American Studies. Vol 38 No 2 May pp 267 - 92.

Rudolph, K. E., Stuart, E. A., Vernick, J. S., & Webster, D. W. (2015). Association between Connecticut’s permit-to-purchase handgun law and homicides. American Journal of Public Health, 105(8), e49-e54.

Santaella-Tenorio, J., Cerdá, M., Villaveces, A., & Galea, S. (2016). What do we know about the association between firearm legislation and firearm-related injuries? Epidemiologic reviews, 38(1), 140-157.

Schiff, M. (2019). Greater US Gun Ownership, Lethality and Murder Rates: Analysis and Policy Proposals.

Scott, J., Azrael, D., & Miller, M. (2018). Firearm storage in homes with children with self-harm risk factors. Pediatrics, 141(3), e20172600.

Sherman, Lawrence, and Dennis Rogan. (1995). Effects of Gun Seizures on Gun Violence: “Hot Spots” Patrol in Kansas City. Justice Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 673-93.

Siegel, M. B., & Rothman, E. F. (2016). Firearm ownership and the murder of women in the United States: evidence that the state-level firearm ownership rate is associated with the nonstranger femicide rate. Violence and Gender, 3(1), 20-26.

Siegel, M., & Rothman, E. F. (2016). Firearm Ownership and Suicide Rates among Us Men and Women, 1981–2013. American journal of public health, 106(7), 1316-1322.

Siegel, M., Negussie, Y., Vanture, S., Pleskunas, J., Ross, C. S., & King III, C. (2014). The Relationship between Gun Ownership and Stranger and Nonstranger Firearm Homicide Rates in the United States, 1981–2010. American journal of public health, 104(10), 1912-1919.

Siegel, M., Pahn, M., Xuan, Z., Fleegler, E., & Hemenway, D. (2019). The impact of state firearm laws on homicide and suicide deaths in the USA, 1991–2016: a panel study. Journal of general internal medicine, 34(10), 2021-2028.

Siegel, M., Ross, C. S., & III, C. K. (2013). The Relationship between Gun Ownership and Firearm Homicide Rates in the United States, 1981–2010. American Journal of Public Health, 103(11), 2098-2105. 10.2105/ajph.2013.301409

Siegel, M., Ross, C. S., & King, C. (2014). Examining the relationship between the prevalence of guns and homicide rates in the USA using a new and improved state-level gun ownership proxy. Injury prevention, 20(6), 424-426.

Siegel, M., Solomon, B., Knopov, A., Rothman, E. F., Cronin, S. W., Xuan, Z., & Hemenway, D. (2020). The Impact of State Firearm Laws on Homicide Rates in Suburban and Rural Areas Compared to Large Cities in the United States, 1991‐2016. The Journal of Rural Health, 36(2), 255-265.

Simonetti, J. A., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Mills, B., Young, B., & Rivara, F. P. (2015). State firearm legislation and nonfatal firearm injuries. American Journal of Public Health, 105(8), 1703-1709.

Sivaraman, J. J., Ranapurwala, S. I., Moracco, K. E., & Marshall, S. W. (2019). Association of state firearm legislation with female intimate partner homicide. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 56(1), 125-133.

Sorenson, S.B., and K.A. Vittes. (2004). Adolescents and Firearms: A California Statewide Survey. American Journal of Public Health, May, Vol. 94, Iss. 5.

Stroebe, W. (2016). Firearm Availability and Violent Death: The Need for a Culture Change in Attitudes toward Guns. Analyses of social issues and public policy, 16(1), 7-35.

Tashiro, J., Lane, R. S., Blass, L. W., Perez, E. A., & Sola, J. E. (2016). The effect of gun control laws on hospital admissions for children in the United States. Journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 81(4), S54-S60. doi:10.1097/ta.0000000000001177

Tutty, L. M. (2015). “I Didn't Know He Had It in Him to Kill Me”: Nonlethal Firearms Use and Partner Violence Against Canadian Women. Journal of forensic social work, 5(1-3), 130-149.

Van Kesteren, J. N. (2014). Revisiting the gun ownership and violence link: A multilevel analysis of victimization survey data. British Journal of Criminology, 54(1), 53-72.

Verlinden, S., M. Hersen, and J. Thomas. (2000). Risk factors in school shootings. Clinical Psychology Review, 20(1): 3-56.

Violence and Gender. (2020). Special Issue on Gun Violence: Part 1.

Watkins, A. M., & Lizotte, A. J. (2013). Does household gun access increase the risk of attempted suicide? Evidence from a national sample of adolescents. Youth & Society, 45(3), 324-346.

Webster, D., Crifasi, C. K., & Vernick, J. S. (2014). Effects of the Repeal of Missouri’s Handgun Purchaser Licensing Law on Homicides. Journal of Urban Health, 91(2), 293-302. doi:10.1007/s11524-014-9865-8

Wilcox, Pamela, and Richard R. Clayton. (2001). A multilevel analysis of school-based weapon possession. Justice Quarterly, September, Vol. 18, Iss. 3.

Wilkinson, Deanna, and Jeffrey Fagan. (2001). What We Know About Gun Use Among Adolescents. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 4(2), pp. 109-32.

Wilkinson, Deanna. (2003). Guns, Violence, and Identity Among African American and Latino Youth. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing.

Williams, Kimberly M. (2005). Socially Constructed School Violence: Lessons from the Field. NY: Peter Lang Publishing.

Wintemute, G. J. (2015). The Epidemiology of Firearm Violence in the Twenty-First Century United States. Annual Review of Public Health, 36, 5-19.

Zeoli, A.M, Malinski R, Turchan B. (2016). Risks and targeted interventions: Firearms in intimate partner violence. Epidemiol. Rev, ePub.

Zeoli, A.M. (2018). Children, domestic violence, and guns. Minneapolis, MN: National Resource Center on Domestic Violence and Firearms.