(i) Men, masculinities, and formal politics

Achin, C., & Dorlin, E. (2008). Nicolas Sarkozy Ou La Masculinité Mascarade Du Président. Raisons Politiques(3), 19-45.

Aciksoz, S. C., & Korkman, Z. K. (2017). Grab ‘Em by the Patriarchy. Anthropology News, 58(3).

Akyüz, Selin. (2018). Face Me if You are a Man! Turkish Political Masculinities. In The Oxford Feminist E-Press: https://oxfordfeministepress.com/selin-akyuz/

Alonso, Bakea, Fernández de Avilés, Hilario Sáez Méndez, Miguel Lázaro, and Jesús Moreno Pizarro. (2021). Comparativa Internacional en Políticas de Masculinidades (Policies on masculinities: An international study). Ministerio de Igualdad, Gobierno de España [in Spanish].

Ashwin, S., & Utrata, J. (2020). Masculinity Restored? Putin’s Russia and Trump’s America. Contexts, 19(2), 16-21. doi:10.1177/1536504220920189

Beasley, C., & Elias, J. (2006). Situating Masculinities in Global Politics. Oceanic Conference on International Studies, July 5-7, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Ben-Ghiat, R. (2020). Strongmen: Mussolini to the present. WW Norton & Company.

Bjarnegård, Elin. (2018). The role of masculinities and male dominated networks in corruption. In Stensöta, Helena and Lena Wängnerud: Gender and Corruption. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Blodgett, B., & Salter, A. (2018). Ghostbusters Is for Boys: Understanding Geek Masculinity’s Role in the Alt-Right. Communication Culture & Critique, 11(1), 133-146.

Blower, N., Gopinath, S., Jimenez, C., Laukkanen, T. I., Linnamäki, K., Manganas, N., ... & Unal, D. (2021). The Culture and Politics of Populist Masculinities. Rowman & Littlefield.

Boatright, R. G., & Sperling, V. (2019). Trumping politics as usual: masculinity, misogyny, and the 2016 elections. Oxford University Press, USA.

Cannen, E. (2013). US and Venezuelan presidential masculinities in the first decade of the 'War on Terror'.

Carian, E. K., & Sobotka, T. C. (2018). Playing the Trump Card: Masculinity Threat and the U.S. 2016 Presidential Election. Socius, 4, 2378023117740699.

Cassese, E. C., & Holman, M. R. (2019). Playing the Woman Card: Ambivalent Sexism in the 2016 Us Presidential Race. Political Psychology, 40(1), 55-74.

Cassino, D. (2018). Emasculation, Conservatism, and the 2016 Election. Contexts, 17(1), 48-53.

Catherine, A., Elsa, D., & Juliette, R. (2008). Capital Corporel Identitaire Et Institution Présidentielle: Réflexions Sur Les Processus D’incarnation Des Rôles Politiques. Raisons Politiques(31), 5-18.

Cinar, S. (2016). Between Dissidence and Hegemony: The Formation of Socialist Masculinities in Turkey in the 1970s. Central European University.

Clark, Marshall. (2010). Maskulinitas: Culture, gender and politics in Indonesia. Melbourne: Monash University Press.

Coe, K., Domke, D., Bagley, M. M., Cunningham, S., & Van Leuven, N. (2007). Masculinity as political strategy: George W. Bush, the “war on terrorism,” and an echoing press. Journal of Women, Politics, Policy and Society, 29(1), 31-55.

Conroy, M. (2016). Masculinity, Media, and the American Presidency. Springer.

Cunningham, S., Domke, D., Coe, K., Fahey, A., & Leuven, N. V. (2013). Accruing masculinity capital: Dominant and hegemonic masculinities in the 2004 political conventions. Men & Masculinities, 16(5), 499-516.

Cuordileone, Kyle. (2002). Politics in an Age of Anxiety: Masculinity, the Vital Center, and American Political Culture in the Cold War, 1949-1963. Routledge.

Darwish, M. (2018). Green Neo-Nazism: Examining the Intersection of Masculinity, Far-Right Extremism and Environmentalism in the Nordic Resistance Movement.  

Dematagoda, U. (2017). Revenge of the Nerds: Recidivist Masculinity, Identity Politics and the Online ‘Culture Wars’. Journal of Extreme Anthropology, 1(3), 139-148.

DiMuccio, S. H., & Knowles, E. D. (2020). The political significance of fragile masculinity. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34, 25-28. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cobeha.2019.11.010

Du Mez, K. K. (2020). Jesus and John Wayne: How White Evangelicals Corrupted a Faith and Fractured a Nation. New York: Liveright.

Ducat, Stephen. (2004). The Wimp Factor: Gender gaps, holy wars, and the politics of anxious masculinity. Beacon Press.

Dudink, S., Clark, A. K., & Hagemann, K. (eds.) (2007). Representing masculinity: male citizenship in modern Western culture. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Includes: Napoleon and his colonised “others”: the demise of citizenship in post–revolutionary and Napoleonic history paintings / Melanie Ulz —The first citizen of the state: paternal masculinity, patriotism, and citizenship in early nineteenth–century Prussia / Karen Hagemann—After the republic: citizenship, the military, and masculinity in the making of the Dutch monarchy, 1813–1814 / Stefan Dudink —Political masculinities in the age of nation states and empires —Citizenship and masculinity: the revolutionary citizen–soldier and his legacy /Alan Forrest —Fit to fight but not to vote: masculinity and citizenship in Britain, 1832–1918 / Sonya O. Rose —Back to the monarchy’s glorified past: military discourses on male citizenship and universal conscription in the Austrian Empire, 1868–1914 / Christa Hümmerle —Subjectivity, civic ideals, and figures of ideal manliness: representations of masculinity in late Victorian British sculpture / Alexander Potts

Dudink, Stefan, Karen Hagenamm, and John Tosh. (eds.). (2004). Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering modern history. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Eksi, B., & Wood, E. A. (2019). Right-wing populism as gendered performance: Janus-faced masculinity in the leadership of Vladimir Putin and Recep T. Erdogan. Theory and Society48(5), 733-751.

Francis, R. D. (2018). Him, Not Her: Why Working-Class White Men Reluctant About Trump Still Made Him President of the United States. Socius, 4, 2378023117736486.

Goscilo, H. (Ed.). (2013). Putin as celebrity and cultural icon (Vol. 80). Routledge. [Goscilo, H. (2013). Putin’s performance of masculinity. Putin as celebrity and cultural icon80, 180.]

Graff, A., Kapur, R., & Walters, S. D. (2019). Introduction: Gender and the Rise of the Global Right. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 44(3), 541-560.

Greenberg, J. (2006). “Goodbye Serbian Kennedy”: Zoran Dindic and the New Democratic Masculinity in Serbia. East European Politics and Societies, 20(1): 126-151.

Harmer, E., & Lumsden, K. (year?). Online Culture Wars: The Rise of the Alt-Right, Trumpism and White Masculinities. Online Othering: Exploring Digital Violence and Discrimination on the Web, 35.

Harsin, J. (2020). Toxic White masculinity, post-truth politics and the COVID-19 infodemic. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 23(6), 1060-1068.

Hauch, Gabriella (2000). Gender and Politics in the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ) 1986–2000. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften,11(3), 59–82.

Hooper, Charlotte. (2001). Manly States: Masculinities, International Relations, and Gender Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Pt. 1. Theorizing Masculinities.
1. The Construction of Gender Identity.
2. Masculinities and Masculinism.
Pt. 2. Masculinities, IR, and Gender Politics.
3. Masculinities in International Relations.
4. The Economist’s Masculine Credentials.
5. The Economist, Globalization, and Masculinities.
6. The Economist/IR Intertext.
Conclusion: IR and the (Re)Making of Hegemonic Masculinity.

Jeffords, Susan. (1993). Hard Bodies: Hollywood Masculinity in the Reagan Era. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Jivani, J. (2019). Why Young Men: The Dangerous Allure Of Violent Movements And What We Can Do About Them: Pantera Press.

Johnson, J. (2019). Affective Radicalization and White Masculinity. Feminist Media Studies, 19(2), 297-299.

Johnson, P. E. (2017). The Art of Masculine Victimhood: Donald Trump’s Demagoguery. Women’s Studies in Communication, 1-22. doi:10.1080/07491409.2017.1346533

Katz, J. (2012). Leading Men: Presidential Campaigns and the Politics of Manhood: Interlink Publishing.

Katz, J. (2016). Man Enough?: Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, and the Politics of Presidential Masculinity: Interlink Books.

Keith, Thomas. (2020). Trump and Political Sexism. Chapter 9 in The Bro Code: The Fallout of Raising Boys to Objectify and Subordinate Women. Routledge.

Kelly, A. (2017). The alt-right: Reactionary rehabilitation for white masculinity. Soundings, 66(66), 68-78.

Kimmel, Michael. (2010). Misframing Men: The Politics of Contemporary Masculinities. Rutgers University Press. Includes;
8. Globalization and Its Mal(e)contents: Masculinity on the Extreme Right

Kor, R. M. (2018). Media Framing and Hegemonic Masculinity. uga.   

Koulouris, T. (2018). Online Misogyny and the Alternative Right: Debating the Undebatable. Feminist Media Studies, 18(4), 750-761.

Kováts, E. Questioning Consensuses: Right-Wing Populism, Anti-Populism, and the Threat of ‘Gender Ideology’. Sociological Research Online, 0(0), 1360780418764735.

Marx Ferree, M. (2020). The Crisis of Masculinity for Gendered Democracies: Before, During, and After Trump. Sociological Forum, 35(S1), 898-917. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/socf.12599

McCormack, Matthew. (2007). Public Men: Masculinity and Politics in Modern Britain. Palgrave.
Introduction / M.McCormack.
Men, ‘the Public’ and Political History / M.McCormack.
Masculinity as Governance: Police, Public Service and the Embodiment of Authority, c. 1700-1850 / F.Dodsworth.
The Father Governor: the British Administration of Aboriginal People in Port Jackson, 1788-92 / S.Konishi.
‘A Gallant Nation’: Chivalric Masculinity and Irish Nationalism in the 1790s / C.Kennedy.
Politics, Portraiture and Power: Reassessing the Public Image of William Ewart Gladstone / R.Clayton Windscheffel.
W. L. Jackson, Exemplary Manliness and Late-Victorian Popular Conservatism / M.Roberts.
‘Quit Ye Like Men’: Platform Manliness and Electioneering, 1895-1939 / K.Good.
The Bermondsey By-Election and Leftist Attitudes to Homosexuality / L.Robinson.
Conclusion: Chronologies in the History of British Political Masculinities, c. 1700-2000 / M.McCormack & M.Roberts

McCulloch, J., Maher, J.M., Walklate, S., Fitz-Gibbon, K. & McGowan, J. (2019). The link between lone attacks and violence against women hides in plain sightABC News Online, 17 August.

Mellström, U. (2016). In the Time of Masculinist Political Revival. NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies, 11(3), 135-138.

Messerschmidt, J. W. (2021). Donald Trump, dominating masculine necropolitics, and CoViD-19. Men and Masculinities, 24(1), 189-194.

Messerschmidt, J. W., & Rohde, A. (2018). Osama Bin Laden and His Jihadist Global Hegemonic Masculinity. Gender & Society, 0891243218770358.

Messner, M. A. (2007). The Masculinity of the Governator: Muscle and Compassion in American Politics. Gender & Society, 21(4): 461-480.

Murphy, Kevin P. (2008). Political Manhood: Red bloods, mollycoddles, & the politics of progressive era reform. New York: Columbia University Press.

Murray, R. (2015). Our living manhood: Literature, black power, and masculine ideology. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Myrttinen, H. (2018). Stabilizing or Challenging Patriarchy? Sketches of Selected “New” Political Masculinities. Men and Masculinities, 1097184X18769137.

Nicholas, L., and C. Agius. (2018). The Persistence of Global Masculinism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Norocel, Ov Cristian (2009). Globalisation and its male contenders? The question of conservative masculinities within the radical right populist discourses across the EU. In J. Kultalahti, I. Karppi, O. Kultalahti, & E. Todisco (eds.), Globalisation – Challenges to Research and Governance (pp. 237–250). Helsinki, FI: East–West Books Helsinki.

Norocel, Ov Cristian (2010). Constructing radical right populist resistance: Metaphors of heterosexist masculinities and the family question in Sweden. NORMA: Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies 5(2), 169–183.

Norocel, Ov Cristian (2011). Heteronormative Constructions of Romanianness: A Genealogy of Gendered Metaphors in Romanian Radical-Right Populism 2000–2009. Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe 19(1-2), 453–470.

Novitskaya, A. (2017). Patriotism, sentiment, and male hysteria: Putin’s masculinity politics and the persecution of non-heterosexual Russians. NORMA12(3–4), 302–318. https://doi.org/10.1080/18902138.2017.1312957

Palmer, C. L., & Peterson, R. D. (2020). Toxic Mask-ulinity: The link between masculine toughness and affective reactions to mask wearing in the COVID-19 era. Politics & Gender, 1-14.

Parmanand, S. (2022). Macho populists versus COVID: Comparing political masculinities. European Journal of Women's Studies, 29(1_suppl), 43S-59S. doi:10.1177/13505068221092871

Paschali, E. (2014). Masculinities in Politics (Vol. 21): LIT Verlag Münster.

Politics and Gender. (2019). Special issue: Critical Perspectives on Men and Masculinities in Politics, 14.

Portillo, H., & Molano, S. (2017a). Approaching corruption through the lens of masculinities. CDA Perspectives Blog, 4 April. http://cdacollaborative.org/blog/approaching-corruption-lens-masculinities/

Portillo, H., & Molano, S. (2017b). Masculinity, machismo and corruption. Voice Male, June 25. https://voicemalemagazine.org/masculinity-machismo-corruption/

Ralph-Morrow, E. (2022). The Right Men: How Masculinity Explains the Radical Right Gender Gap. Political Studies, 70(1), 26-44. doi:10.1177/0032321720936049

Riabov, O., & Riabova, T. (2014). The remasculinization of Russia? Gender, nationalism, and the legitimation of power under Vladimir Putin. Problems of Post-communism61(2), 23-35.

Smirnova, M. (2018). Small Hands, Nasty Women, and Bad Hombres: Hegemonic Masculinity and Humor in the 2016 Presidential Election. Socius, 4, 2378023117749380.

Smith, A. (2016). Mediated Political Masculinities: The Commander-in-Chief Vs. The New Man. Social Semiotics, 26(1), 94-110.

Smith, Joan. (2019). Home Grown: How Domestic Violence Turns Men Into Terrorists.

Sperling, V. (2014). Sex, Politics, and Putin: Political Legitimacy in Russia: Oxford University Press.

Sperling, V. (2016). Putin’s macho personality cult. Communist and Post-Communist Studies49(1), 13-23.Starck, K. (2016). Of Treason, God and Testicles: Political Masculinities in British and American Films of the Early Cold War: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Starck, K., & Luyt, R. (2018). Political Masculinities, Crisis Tendencies, and Social Transition: Toward an Understanding of Change. Men and Masculinities, 1097184X18782730.

Starck, K., & Sauer, B. (2014). Political Masculinities: Introduction. In K. Starck (ed.), A Man’s World? Political Masculinities in Literature and Culture (pp. 3-10): Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Starck, Kathleen. (2014). ‘Join Our Band of Brothers’: Screening 1980s Nationalism and Masculinity in This is England. In A Man’s World? Political Masculinities in Literature and Culture. Eds. Kathleen Starck & Birgit Sauer. C-S-P, 155-166.

Stein, A. (2005). Make room for daddy - Anxious masculinity and emergent homophobias in neopatriarchal politics. Gender & Society, 19(5): 601-620.

Vescio, T. K., & Schermerhorn, N. E. C. (2021). Hegemonic masculinity predicts 2016 and 2020 voting and candidate evaluations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(2), e2020589118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2020589118

Weinhold, W. M., & Bodkin, A. F. (2017). Homophobic masculinity and vulnerable femininity: SNL’s portrayals of Trump and Clinton. Feminist Media Studies, 17(3), 520-523. doi:10.1080/14680777.2017.1304720

Wilz, K. (2016). Bernie Bros and Woman Cards: Rhetorics of Sexism, Misogyny, and Constructed Masculinity in the 2016 Election. Women’s Studies in Communication, 39(4), 357-360.

Wright, H. (2020). “Masculinities perspectives”: advancing a radical Women, Peace and Security agenda? International Feminist Journal of Politics, 22(5), 652-674. doi:10.1080/14616742.2019.1667849

Yates, E. A., & Hughes, M. M. (2017). Cultural Explanations for Men’s Dominance of National Leadership Worldwide. Women Presidents and Prime Ministers in Post-Transition Democracies (pp. 101-122): Springer.