05. Violence in universities and among students and staff

Note: These references are focused on the prevalence of various forms of violence on campuses and/or among university students and staff and on risk factors for such violence. Also see this list of references on university- or campus-based prevention.

Argiero, S. J., Dyrdahl, J. L., Fernandez, S. S., Whitney, L. E., & Woodring, R. J. (2010). A Cultural Perspective for Understanding How Campus Environments Perpetuate Rape-Supportive Culture. Journal of the Indiana University Student Personnel Association, 26-40.

Australian Human Rights Commission. (2017). Change the course: National report on sexual assault and sexual harassment at Australian universities. Sydney: AHRC.

Boyle, K.M., & Walker, L.S. (2016). The neutralization and denial of sexual violence in college party subcultures. Deviant Behavior, [ahead-of-print]. DOI:10.1080/01639625.2016.1185862

Brewer, N., Thomas, K. A., & Higdon, J. (2018). Intimate Partner Violence, Health, Sexuality, and Academic Performance among a National Sample of Undergraduates. Journal of American College Health, 1-28.

Carr, J. L., and K. M. Vandeusen. (2004). Risk factors for male sexual aggression on college campuses. Journal of Family Violence 19(5): 279-289.

Conley, A. H., Overstreet, C. M., Hawn, S. E., Kendler, K. S., Dick, D. M., & Amstadter, A. B. (2017). Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Assault among a College Sample. Journal of American College Health, 65(1), 41-49.

Coulter, R. W. S., Mair, C., Miller, E., Blosnich, J. R., Matthews, D. D., & McCauley, H. L. (2017). Prevalence of Past-Year Sexual Assault Victimization among Undergraduate Students: Exploring Differences by and Intersections of Gender Identity, Sexual Identity, and Race/Ethnicity. Prevention Science, 18(6), 726-736.

Craig, H. (2016). Sexual Assault & Students: Does Involvement in a ‘Lad Culture’ Affect British Students’ Acceptance of Sexual Assault? (Masters), University of Huddersfield.  

Donde, S.D., Ragsdale, S.K.A., Koss, M.P., & Zucker, A.N. (2018). If it wasn’t rape, was it sexual assault? Comparing rape and sexual assault acknowledgment in college women who have experienced rape. Violence Against Women. DOI:10.1177/1077801217743339

Fedina, L., Holmes, J. L., & Backes, B. L. (2016). Campus Sexual Assault: A Systematic Review of Prevalence Research From 2000 to 2015. Trauma Violence Abuse. doi:10.1177/1524838016631129

Fenton, R., & Jones, C. (2017). An Exploratory Study on the Beliefs About Gender-Based Violence Held by Incoming Undergraduates in England. Journal of Gender-Based Violence, 1(2), 147-167.

Fisher, B. S., Daigle, L. E., & Cullen, F. T. (2009). Unsafe in the ivory tower: The sexual victimization of college women. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hawn, S. E., Lind, M. J., Conley, A., Overstreet, C. M., Kendler, K. S., Dick, D. M., & Amstadter, A. B. (2018). Effects of Social Support on the Association between Precollege Sexual Assault and College-Onset Victimization. Journal of American College Health, 1-9.

Herbenick, D., Fu, T.-C., Dodge, B., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2018). The Alcohol Contexts of Consent, Wanted Sex, Sexual Pleasure, and Sexual Assault: Results from a Probability Survey of Undergraduate Students. Journal of American College Health, 00-00.

Keene, S.M. (2015). Risky residences: An exploratory study of sexual violence in university halls of residence. Masters thesis. Wellington: Victoria University.

McMahon, S., Wood, L., Cusano, J., & Macri, L.M. (2018). Campus sexual assault: Future directions for research. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. DOI:10.1177/1079063217750864

Muehlenhard, C. L., Peterson, Z. D., Humphreys, T. P., & Jozkowski, K. N. (2017). Evaluating the One-in-Five Statistic: Women’s Risk of Sexual Assault While in College. The Journal of Sex Research, 54(4-5), 549-576. doi:10.1080/00224499.2017.1295014

National Union of Students (UK). (2010). Hidden Marks: A study of women students’ experiences of harassment, stalking, violence and sexual assault. London.

National Union of Students. (2012). Safe Universities Blueprint: Talk About It survey results and recommendations. Retrieved from Melbourne:

Nelson, H. A. (2010). Understanding views on college sexual assault from the student perspective. Thesis, San Diego State University, Social Work.

O'Neill, I. (2017). In Our Own Words: Student experiences of sexual violence prior to and during tertiary education. Wellington: New Zealand Union of Students’ Associations.

Phipps, A., & Smith, G. (2012). Violence against women students in the UK: Time to take action. Gender and Education, 24(4), 357-373. doi:10.1080/09540253.2011.628928  

Potter, S., Howard, R., Murphy, S., & Moynihan, M. M. (2018). Long-Term Impacts of College Sexual Assaults on Women Survivors' Educational and Career Attainments. Journal of American College Health, 1-12.

Snyder, J.A., Scherer, H.L., & Fisher, B.S. (2016). Interpersonal violence among college students: Does sexual orientation impact risk of victimization? Journal of School Violence, [ahead-of-print]. DOI:10.1080/15388220.2016.1190934

Wiersma-Mosley, J. D., Jozkowski, K. N., & Martinez, T. (2017). An Empirical Investigation of Campus Demographics and Reported Rapes. Journal of American College Health, 65(7), 482-491.