e) White allies and anti-racist advocacy [NEW]

Note: This section includes scholarship on white allies and white anti-racist advocacy, and guides to activism. For further guides on advocacy and social change work, see here. For materials on whiteness and 'White Studies', see here.

Useful introductions

DiAngelo, R. (2018). White fragility: Why it's so hard for white people to talk about racism. Beacon Press.

Drick, B. (2015). White allies in the struggle for racial justice. Orbis Books.

Eddo-Lodge, R. (2018). Why I'm no longer talking to white people about race. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Fleming, C. M. (2018). How to Be Less Stupid About Race: On Racism, White Supremacy, and the Racial Divide. Beacon Press.

Harvey, J. (2014). Dear White Christians: For those still longing for racial reconciliation. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.

Kendi, I. X. (2019). How to be an antiracist. One world.

Kivel, Paul. (2017). Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice. New Society. [Part III here.]

Saad, L. F. (2020). Me and White Supremacy: Combat Racism, Change the World, and Become a Good Ancestor. Sourcebooks, Inc.

Wise, T. (2012). Dear white America: Letter to a new minority. City Lights Publishers.


Further works

Akamine Phillips, J., Risdon, N., Lamsma, M., Hambrick, A., & Jun, A. (2019). Barriers and strategies by white faculty who incorporate anti-racist pedagogy. Race and Pedagogy Journal: Teaching and Learning for Justice, 3(2), 1.

Ash, A. N., Hill, R., Risdon, S., & Jun, A. (2020). Anti-Racism in Higher Education: A Model for Change. Race and Pedagogy Journal: Teaching and Learning for Justice, 4(3), 2.

Boutte, G. S., & Jackson, T. O. (2014). Advice to White Allies: Insights from Faculty of Color. Race Ethnicity and Education, 17(5), 623-642.

Boyd, D. F. (2020). The Power of Stories to Transform and Guide White People Toward an Anti-Racist Activism. Dialogues in Social Justice: An Adult Education Journal, 5(1) Spring).

Brown, C. S. (2002). Refusing racism: White allies and the struggle for civil rights. Teachers College Press.

Buccigrossi, J. M. (2013). Addressing race: The experiences of White women and men to promote diversity and inclusion in their communities (Doctoral dissertation, Fielding Graduate University).

Cabrera, N. L. (2014). Exposing Whiteness in Higher Education: White Male College Students Minimizing Racism, Claiming Victimization, and Recreating White Supremacy. Race Ethnicity and Education, 17(1), 30-55.

Charbeneau, J. (2015). White Faculty Transforming Whiteness in the Classroom through Pedagogical Practice. Race Ethnicity and Education, 18(5), 655-674.

Daftary, A. M. H. (2017). Allies Rising: Stepping Forward in a Time of White Nationalism. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping, 23(2), 60-69.

Earick, M. E. (2018). We are not social justice equals: the need for white scholars to understand their whiteness. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 31(8), 800-820.

Ford, K. A., & Orlandella, J. (2015). The “not-so-final remark” the journey to becoming White allies. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 1(2), 287-301.

Gachago, D. (2018). Lessons on humility: White women’s racial allyship in academia. In Feminism and Intersectionality in Academia (pp. 131-144). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Gibson, Priscilla. "Ally Model of Social Justice in Social Work." In Encyclopedia of Social Work. 2016.

Juárez, B. (2013). Learning to take the bullet and more: Anti-racism requirements for White allies and other friends of the race, so-called and otherwise. In Unhooking from whiteness (pp. 33-51). Brill Sense.

Kendall, F. (2012). Understanding white privilege: Creating pathways to authentic relationships across race. Routledge.

Kivel, P. (2007). Social Service or Social Change. In INCITE! Women of Color Against Violence (ed.), The Revolution Will Not Be Funded: Beyond the Non-Profit Industrial Complex (pp. 129-149). Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Klumpp, K. H. (2012). Challenging Complicity: The Shaping of White Antiracist Lives Against the Prevailing Wind (Doctoral dissertation, Union Institute and University).

Kraemer, Kelly Rae. (2007). Solidarity in action: Exploring the work of allies in social movements. Peace and Change 32, no. 1.

Krejci, J. M. (2007). Allies, activists, and advocates: A dissertation on the analysis of the experiences and processes that led thirteen white men to anti-racist work. University of California, Santa Barbara.

Lachman, M. W. (2018). A Problematic Yet Necessary Effort: White Women in Student Affairs and Anti-Racist Allyship. California State University, Long Beach.

Lawrence, S. M., & Tatum, B. D. (2004). White Educators as Allies: Moving from Awareness to Action. Off white: Readings on power, privilege, and resistance, 2, 362-372.

Malott, K. M., Schaefle, S., Paone, T. R., Cates, J., & Haizlip, B. (2019). Challenges and coping mechanisms of whites committed to antiracism. Journal of Counseling & Development, 97(1), 86-97.

McIntosh, Peggy. (1989). White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. Peace and Freedom, July/August. (also in Independent School, 1990, Vol. 49 Issue 2.)

Panke, M. J. (2011). What factors deter self-identified White anti-racist social workers from interrupting acts of racism in interpersonal interactions.

Patton, L. D., & Bondi, S. (2015). Nice white men or social justice allies?: Using critical race theory to examine how white male faculty and administrators engage in ally work. Race Ethnicity and Education, 18(4), 488-514.

Phillips, T. P. (2015). Working for justice: the life history reflections of privileged college student social justice allies.

Reason, R. D., Roosa Millar, E. A., & Scales, T. C. (2005). Toward a model of racial justice ally development. Journal of College Student Development, 46(5), 530-546.

Reason, R. D., Scales, T. C., & Millar, E. A. R. (2005). Encouraging the development of racial justice allies. New Directions for Student Services, 110, 55.

Smith, L., Kashubeck-West, S., Payton, G., & Adams, E. (2017). White Professors Teaching About Racism: Challenges and Rewards. The Counseling Psychologist, 45(5), 651-668.

Smith, W. L., & Crowley, R. M. (2018). Social Studies Needs White People: The Case for Including Allies in the Curriculum. The Social Studies, 109(4), 202-214.

Spanierman, L. B., & Smith, L. (2017). Roles and Responsibilities of White Allies: Implications for Research, Teaching, and Practice. The Counseling Psychologist, 45(5), 606-617.

Taormino, Tristan, and Karen Green. (eds). (1997). Things I’m Gonna Stop Doing With My White Privilege. In A Girl’s Guide to Taking Over the World: Writings from the Girl Zine Revolution. St. Martin’s Press.

Thomann, C. R., & Suyemoto, K. L. (2018). Developing an antiracist stance: How White youth understand structural racism. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 38(6), 745-771.

Traoré, I. (2017). White Antiracism in Southern Ontario: Frames, Praxis and Awareness (Doctoral dissertation).

Wise, Tim. (2007). White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son. 2nd ed. Soft Skull Press.