d) Whiteness and white studies

Note: Many of the above texts contain relevant discussions on whiteness, race and ethnicity, etc.


(charles), Helen. (1992). Whiteness - The Relevance of Politically Colouring the ‘Non’. In Hinds, Hilary, Phoenix, Ann and Stacey, Jackie. (eds.). Working Out: New Directions for Women’s Studies. London: Falmer.

Allen, Theodore W. (1994). The Invention of the White Race: Volume One: Racial Oppression and Social Control. London: Verso.

Babb, Valerie Melissa. (1998). Whiteness Visible: The Meaning of Whiteness in American Literature and Culture. New York: New York University Press.

Banet-Weiser, Sarah. (1999). The Representational Politics of Whiteness and the National Body: Bess Myerson, Miss America 1945, and Heather Whitestone, Miss America 1995. Chapter 5 (153-166) in The Most Beautiful Girl in the World. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Bannister, M. (2006). White Boys, White Noise: Masculinities and 1980s Indie Guitar Rock. London, UK: Ashgate.

Beech, J. (2020). White Out: A Guidebook for Teaching and Engaging with Critical Whiteness Studies. BRILL.

Berger, Maurice. (1998). White Lies: Race and the Myths of Whiteness. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Bernardi, Daniel. (ed.). The Birth of Whiteness: Race and the Emergence of U.S. Cinema.

Blee, Kathleen M. (1991) Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Bonnett, Alastair. (1996). ‘White Studies’: The Problems and Projects of a New Research Agenda. Theory, Culture & Society, 13(2)

Breines, Wini. (2006). The Trouble Between Us: An Uneasy History of White and Black Women in the Feminist Movement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bucholtz, M. (1999). You da man: Narrating the racial other in the production of white masculinity. Journal of Sociolinguistics, November, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 443-460.

Cornford, Adam. (1997). ‘Colorless All-Color’: Notes on White Culture. Bad Subjects: Political Education for Everyday Life, No. 33, September

Cuomo, Chris, and Kim J. Hall (editors). (1999) Whiteness: Feminist Reflections. Boston: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Delgado, Richard, and Jean Stefancic. (eds.). Critical White Studies: Looking Behind the Mirror.

DiAngelo, Robin, and Michael Eric Dyson. (year?). White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism.

Dickar, Maryann. (1998). Teaching in our Underwear: The Liabilities of Whiteness in the Multi-Racial Classroom. http://www.lib.wmc.edu/pub/researcher/issueXI-2/dickar.html

Dipiero, Thomas. (2002). White Men Aren’t. Duke Univ Press.

DuCille, Ann. (1999). Barbie in Black and White. (Re-printed from Skin Trade), in The Barbie Chronicles: A Living Doll Turns Forty. Yona Zeldis McDonough (editor). New York: Touchstone Press, 126-142.

Dyer, Richard. White.

Farough, S.D. (2004). The Social Geographies of White Masculinities. Critical Sociology, 30(2): 241-264.

Ferber, Abby L. (1995). ‘Shame of White Men’: Interracial Sexuality and the Construction of White Masculinity in Contemporary White Supremacist Discourse. Masculinities, 3(2), Summer, pp. 1-24.

Ferber, Abby L. (2000). Racial Warriors and Weekend Warriors: The Construction of Masculinity in Mythopoetic and White Supremacist Discourse. Men and Masculinities, 3(1), July.

Fine, Michelle. (ed). (1997). Off White: Readings on Race, Power, and Society. New York: Routledge.

Fishkin, Shelley Fisher. (1995). Interrogating ‘Whiteness,’ Complicating ‘Blackness’: Remapping American Culture. American Quarterly, 47, Sept., pp. 428-66.

Fowlkes, Diane L. (1992). White Political Women: Paths from Privilege to Empowerment. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press

Frankenberg, Ruth. (1993). White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction of Whiteness. London: Routledge..

Frankenberg, Ruth. (ed). (1997). Displacing Whiteness: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism. Durham & London: Duke University Press.

Frye, Marilyn. (1983). On Being White: Towards a Feminist Understanding of Race and Race Supremacy. In The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory. New York: The Crossing Press.

Frye, Marilyn. (1992). White Woman Feminist. In Willful Virgin: Essays in Feminism, 1976-1992. Freedom, CA: The Crossing Press.

Giroux, Henry A. (1997). Rewriting the Discourse of Racial Identity: Towards a Pedagogy and Politics of Whiteness. Harvard Educational Review, 67:2, Summer, pp. 285-320.

Giroux, Henry A. (1997). White Noise: The Racial Politics and Pedagogy of Whiteness. In Section “Race, Media, and Whiteness”. In Channel Surfing. Macmillan.

Griffin, Christine. (2003). Ch. 3, “Good Girls, Bad Girls: Anglocentrism and Diversity in the Constitution of Contemporary Girlhood,” in All About the Girl: Culture, Power & Identity. Anita Harris (editor). New York: Routledge: 29-44

Griggers, Camilla. (1997) Ch. 2, “The Despotic Face of White Femininity,” in Out of Bounds. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press: 1-36.

Guerrero, Lisa A. (2006). “‘Sistahs Are Doin’ It for Themselves’: Chick Lit in Black and White,” in Suzanne Ferriss and Mallory Young (editors). Chick Lit: The New Woman’s Fiction. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group: 87-102.

Guest, Krysti. (1998). Scattered Speculations on Being a White Feminist. In Else-Mitchell, Rosamund and Naomi Flutter (editors). Talking Up: Young Women’s Take on Feminism. Spinifex Press.

Gunew, Sneja Gunew. (ed.). (2007). Feminist Theory, Special issue: Rethinking Whiteness, August, Vol. 8, No. 2.

Hall, Kim. (1996). Beauty and the Beast of Whiteness: Teaching Race and Gender. Shakespeare Quarterly 47:4, Winter, pp. 461-76.

Hamilton Carroll. (2011). Affirmative Reaction: New Formations of White Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Haney-Lopez, Ian. White by Law: The Legal Construction of Race.

Harper, Suzanne. (1994). Subordinating Masculinities/Racializing Masculinities: Writing White Supremacist Discourse on Men’s Bodies. Masculinities, 2(4), Winter, pp. 1-20 .

Hickman, Mary J. and Walter, Bronwen. (1995?). Deconstructing Whiteness: Irish Women in Britain. Feminist Review.

Hill, Mike. (ed). (1997). Whiteness: A Critical Reader. New York: New York University Press

Hollinger, David. Postethnic America.

hooks, bell. (1990). Representing Whiteness: Seeing Wings of Desire. In Yearning: Race, Gender, and Cultural Politics. Boston: South End Press: 165-72.

hooks, bell. (2000) Ch. 10, “Race and Gender,” in Feminism is for Everybody. Boston: South End Press, 55-61.

Hughes, Langston. The Ways of White Folks.

Ignatiev, Noel and Garvey, John. (eds.). (1996). Race Traitor. New York & London: Routledge.

Ignatiev, Noel. (1997). The Point Is Not To Interpret Whiteness But To Abolish It. Talk given at the Conference The Making and Unmaking of Whiteness. University of California. Berkeley, April 11-13

J. Love (2007) That White Girl.

Jacobson, Matthew Frye. (1998). Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press

Jay, Gregory. (1998). Who Invented White People?. http://www.uwm.edu/~gjay/Whiteness/Whitenesstalk.html.

Jay, Gregory. (2000). Teaching About Whiteness. http://www.uwm.edu/~gjay/Whiteness/Teachwhiteness.html [Accessed, 20 June 2000].

Jensen, Robert. (2005). The Heart of Whiteness: Confronting Race, Racism and White Privilege. City Lights Books.

Johnson, Howard, and Karl Watson. (eds.). (1998). The White Minority in the Caribbean. Kingston: Ian Randle Publishers; Oxford: J Currey Publishers; Princeton: M. Wiener Publishers.

Journal of Lesbian Studies, Special Issue: Lesbians and White Privilege, Volume 18, Issue 2, 2014.

Kasson, John F. (2001). Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America. New York: Hill and Wang.

Kimmel, Michael S., and Abby Ferber. (2000). ‘White Men Are This Nation’: Right Wing Militias and the Restoration of Rural American Masculinity. Rural Sociology. 65(4):582-604, Dec.

King, C. Richard, David J. Leonard, and Kyle W. Kusz. (eds.). (2007). Journal of Sport & Social Issues, Special issue: White Power and Sport, February, Vol. 31, No. 1;
White Power and Sport: An Introduction / C. Richard King, David J. Leonard, and Kyle W. Kusz.
The Construction of Black Masculinity: White Supremacy Now and Then / Abby L. Ferber.
Innocent Until Proven Innocent: In Defense of Duke Lacrosse and White Power (and Against Menacing Black Student-Athletes, a Black Stripper, Activists, and the Jewish Media) / David J. Leonard.
Rush Limbaugh, Donovan McNabb, and “A Little Social Concern”: Reflections on the Problems of Whiteness in Contemporary American Sport / Douglas Hartmann.
“You Know, We Are All Indian”: Exploring White Power and Privilege in Reactions to the NCAA Native American Mascot Policy / Ellen J. Staurowsky.
From NASCAR Nation to Pat Tillman: Notes on Sport and the Politics of White Cultural Nationalism in Post-9/11 America / Kyle W. Kusz.
Staging the Winter Olympics: Or, Why Sport Matters to White Power / C. Richard King.

Kleinschmidt, H. (ed.). (1972). White Liberation: A Collection of Essays. Johannesburg: Spro-cas 2

Kusz, Kyle W. (2001). ‘I Want to Be the Minority’: The Politics of Youthful White Masculinities in Sport and Popular Culture in 1990s America. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 25(4), November, pp. 390-416..

Lazarre, Jane. Beyond the Whiteness of Whiteness: Memoir of a White Mother of Black Sons.

Levine-Rasky, C. Intersectionality theory applied to whiteness and middle-classness. Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture 17(2): 239-253.

Levine, Judith. (2003, reprint) Ch. 16, “White Like Me,” in Privilege: A Reader, Michael S. Kimmel and Abby L. Ferber (editors). Cambridge: Westview Press, 189-194.

Lipsitz, George. (year?). The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: How White People Profit from Identity Politics.

Lutz, John. (1990. 1992) Single White Female (also published as, SWF Seeks Same). New York: Pocket Books.

Maher, K. H., & Lafferty, M. (2014). White Migrant Masculinities in Thailand and the Paradoxes of Western Privilege. Social and Cultural Geography, 427-448.

Marcus, Jane. (2004). Hearts of Darkness: White Women Write Race. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Martin, Judith et al. (1996). Exploring Whiteness: A Study of Self-Label for White Americans. Communication Quarterly, 44:2 (Spring): 125-45.

Matthewman, S. (2017). Pākehā Ethnicity: The Politics of White Privilege. In Bell, A., Elizabeth, V., McIntosh, T., and Wynyard, M. (Eds.), A land of milk and honey? Making sense of Aotearoa New Zealand. Auckland: Auckland University Press.

Mazie, Margery et al. (1993). To Deconstruct Race, Deconstruct Whiteness. American Quarterly, 45:2 (June): 281-95.

McBride, Frank. The Color of Water: A Black Man’s Tribute to His White Mother.

McCarthy, Cameron and Warren Crichlow. (eds.). Race, Identity, and Representation in Education.

McIntosh, Peggy. (1989). White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. Peace and Freedom, July/August. (also in Independent School, 1990, Vol. 49 Issue 2.)

McIntosh, Peggy. (2001). White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women’s Studies. In M.L. Andersen and P. Hill Collins. (eds.), Race, Class, and Gender: An Anthology. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.

McIntyre, Alice. (1997). Making Meaning of Whiteness: Exploring Racial Identity with White Teachers. SUNY series, Social Context of Education.

Messner, Michael A. (2000). White Guy Habitus in the Classroom: Challenging the Reproduction of Privilege. Men and Masculinities, 2(4), April.

Moon, D. (1999). White Enculturation and Bourgeois Ideology: The Discursive Production of ‘Good (White) Girls’. In Whiteness: The Communication of Social Identity. Thomas K. Nakayama & Judith N. Martin (editors). Oakland: Thousand Oaks: 177-197.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. (2000). How Jews Became White Folks & What That Says About Race in America. Australian Feminist Studies, Volume 15 Number 32.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. (2000). Talkin Up to the White Woman.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. (2006). Whiteness Matters: Implications of Talkin’ up to the White Woman. Australian Feminist Studies, 21(50), July.

Morrison, Toni. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination.

Nakayama, Thomas K., and Judith N. Martin. (eds.). (1999). Whiteness: The Communication of Social Identity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Negra, Diane. (2001). Off-White Hollywood: American Culture and Ethnic Female Stardom. New York: Routledge.

Newitz, Annalee. (1993). Alien Abductions and the End of White People. Bad Subjects, Issue No. 5, May

Newman, Louise Michele. (1999) White Women’s Rights: The Racial Origins of Feminism in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nexica, Irene J. et.al. (1997). Conference Report: The Making and Unmaking of Whiteness. Bad Subjects, 33, September

Nowatzki, Robert. (1994). Race, Rape, Lynching, and Manhood Suffrage: Constructions of White and Black Masculinity in Turn-of-the-Century White Supremacist Literature. Journal of Men’s Studies, 3(2), November, pp. 161-170.

Oates, Joyce Carol. (2006). Black Girl/White Girl. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, Inc.

Pease, Bob. (2002). Decentring White Men: Critical Reflections on Masculinity and Whiteness Studies. Paper presented at the Critical Contexts and Crucial Conversations Symposium, Coolangatta, Australia, 3-5 April.

Pease, Bob. (2004). Decentring white men: critical reflections on masculinity and white studies. In A. Moreton-Robinson (ed.) Whitening Race: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra, pp. 119-130.Pellegrini, Ann. (1997) “You Make Me Feel (Mighty Real): Sandra Bernhard’s Whiteface. “ Performance Anxieties: Staging Psychoanalysis, Staging Race. New York: Routledge: 49-66.

Pence, Ellen. (1982). Racism - A White Issue. In Hull, Gloria et.al. (eds.). All the Women are White, All the Blacks are Men, But Some of Us are Brave: Black Women’s Studies. New York: Feminist Press.

Perry, Kathryn. (1995). The Heart of Whiteness: White Subjectivity and Interracial Relationships. In Pearce, Lynne and Stacey, Jackie. (eds.). Romance Revisited. London: Lawrence & Wishart

Perry, Pamela. (2002). Shades of White: White Kids and Racial Identities in High School. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Pinar, William. (2001). The Gender of Racial Politics and Violence in America: Lynching, Prison Rape, and the Crisis of Masculinity. Counterpoints, Vol. 163. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
2. The Destabilization of Gender and the ‘Crisis’ of White Masculinity.
6. The ‘Crisis’ of White Masculinity.

Robinson, Sally. (2000). Marked Men: White Masculinity in Crisis. Columbia University Press.

Roediger, David. (1994). Towards the Abolition of Whiteness: Essays on Race, Politics, and Working Class History. London: Verso.

Roediger, David. (year?). The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class.

Roth, Benita. (2004). Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America’s Second Wave. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Savran, David. (1998). Taking It Like A Man: White Masculinity, Masochism, and Contemporary American Culture. Princeton University Press.

Schilt, Kristen. (2005). ‘The Punk White Privilege Scene’: Riot Grrrl, White Privilege, and Zines. Different Wavelengths: Studies of the Contemporary Women’s Movement. Jo Reger (editor). NY: Routledge, 39-56.

Schrage, Laurie. (2003). Ch. 3, “From Reproductive Choice to Reproductive Barbie: The Politics of Visibility,” in Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate. Oxford University Press: 77-130.

Scott, D. A., and T. L. Robinson. (2001). White Male Identity Development: The Key Model. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79, 415-421.

Segal, Lynne. (1990). Black Masculinity and the White Man’s Black Man. Chapter 7 in Slow Motion: Changing Masculinities, Changing Men. London: Virago.

Solinger, Rickie. (2000) Ch. 1, “The Stick and the Carrot: Public Meanings of Black and White Single Pregnancy in the Pre-Roe v. Wade Era,” (20-40, Ch. 3, “The Girl Nobody Loved: Psychological Explanations for White Single Pregnancy,” (86-102), Ch. 5, “The Disposition of Illegitimate Babies I: The Postwar White Adoption Mandate,” (148-186) in Wake Up Little Susie: Single Pregnancy and Race Before Roe v. Wade. New York: Routledge.

Spelman, Elizabeth K. (1988) Ch. 5, “Gender and Race: The Ampersand Problem in Feminist Thought,” Inessential Woman: Problems of Exclusion in Feminist Though. Boston: Beacon Press.

Stecopoulos, Harry, and Michael Uebel. (eds.). (1997). Race and the Subject of Masculinities, Duke University Press .
All the King’s Men: Elvis Impersonators and White Working-Class Masculinity / Lott, Eric.
The White Man’s Muscles / Dyer, Richard.

Stokes, Mason. (2005). Ch. 6, “White Heterosexuality: A Romance of the White Man’s Burden,” in Thinking Straight: The Power, the Promise, and the Paradox of Heterosexuality. Chrys Ingraham (editor), New York: Routledge: 131-150.

Tannenbaum, Leora. (2002). Young, Thin, White … and Well Dressed. In Catfight: Rivalries Among Women – From Diets to Dating, From the Boardroom to the Delivery Room. New York: Perennial.

Thandeka. (2000) Learning to Be White: Money, Race and God in America. Continuum International Publishing Group.

Trepagnier, Barbara. (2006). Silent Racism: How Well-Meaning White People Perpetuate the Racial Divide. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

Wadham, Ben. (2002). What Does the White Man Want? White Masculinities and Aboriginal Reconciliation. In Manning the Next Millennium: Studies in Masculinities. Edited by Sharyn Pearce and Vivienne Muller. Black Swan Press.

Wadham, Ben. (2004). Differentiating Whiteness: White Australia, White Masculinities and Aboriginal Reconciliation. In A. Moreton-Robinson, (ed). Whitening Race, Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism, IATSIS, Qld: pp. 192-207.

Walker, Rebecca. (2001). Black, White and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self. New York: Riverhead Books: The Berkley Publishing Group.

Weis, Lois. (2006). Masculinity, Whiteness, and the New Economy: An Exploration of Privilege and Loss. Men and Masculinities, 8(3): 262-272.

Weismantel M. (2000). Race Rape: White Masculinity in Andean Pishtaco Tales. Identities-Global Studies in Culture & Power. 7(3):407-440, Sep..

Wekker, Gloria. (2016). White Innocence: Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race. London: Duke University Press.

Wellman, David. (1997). Minstrel Shows, Affirmative Action Talk, and Angry White Men: Marking Racial Otherness in the 1990s. In Frankenberg, Ruth. (ed.). Displacing Whiteness: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism. Durham & London: Duke University Press.

Whitney, Elizabeth. (2005). When White Girls Act Black: Reconsidering Performances of Otherness. Casting Gender: Women and Performance in Intercultural Contexts. Eds. Larau Lengel and John T. Warren. NY: Peter Lang Press, 109-125.

Winant, Howard. (1997). Behind Blue Eyes: Whiteness and Contemporary U.S. Racial Politics. New Left Review, No. 225, September/October (Also in Fine, Michelle. (ed). (1997). Off White: Readings on Race, Power, and Society. New York: Routledge

Wray, Matt, and Annalee Nevitz. (eds.). White Trash: Race and Class in America.

Yudice, George. (1995). Neither Impugning nor Disavowing Whiteness Does a Viable Politics Make: The Limits of Identity Politics. In Newfield, Christopher and Strickland, Ronald. (eds.). After Political Correctness: The Humanities and Society in the 1990s. Boulder, CA: Westview Press.