(i) The Christian Men’s Movement, Promise Keepers

Note: Also see references on men and Christianity Under “Spirituality, Mythopoetic writing & Psychoanalysis” below.


Abraham, Ken. (1997). Who are the Promise Keepers?. Doubleday.

Armato, Michael P. (1997). Identity Work Among Promise Keepers: The Godly Man Project. Masters thesis, Sociology, U. of Fla.

Bartkowski, John P. (2000). Breaking Walls, Raising Fences: Masculinity, Intimacy, and Accountability Among the Promise Keepers. Sociology of Religion. 61(1):33-53, Spr..

Bartkowski, John P. (2004). The Promise Keepers. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP.

Beal, B. (1997). The Promise Keepers’ Use Of Sport In Defining “Christlike” Masculinity. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 21(3): 274-284.

Bullock, Chris. (2001). Theme, Story, Image: Learning About Life Issues Reading From the Mythopoetic Men’s Movement. Textual Studies in Canada, (13-14): pp. 25-36.

Cates, Carl. (1996). Promise Keepers: Rhetorical Redefinition of Role and self. Unpublished Manuscript Presented at Speech Comunication Association, San Diego.

Clatterbaugh, Kenneth. (1995). Whose Keepers, What Promises?. M.E.N Magazine, October

Claussen, Dane S. (2000). The Promise Keepers: Essays in Masculinity and Christianity. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., Inc.

Claussen, Dane S. (ed.). (1999). Standing on the Promises: Promise Keepers and the Revival of Manhood. Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press.

Cole, Robert A. (1997). Constituting Male Subjectivity: A Pragmatic Phenomenological Analysis of Promise Keepers. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

Conason, Joe, Alfred Ross, and Lee Cokorinos. (1996). The Promise Keepers are Coming: The Third Wave of the Religious Right. The Nation, 7 October

Culbertson, Philip. (ed.). (2001). When Christ Calls a Man: Male Identities in a Changing Church.
Mike Bathum. Men’s Spirituality: Discovering Creative Depth From Within.
Mark Muesse. Don’t Just Do Something, Sit There: Spiritual Practice and Men’s Wholeness.
Michael Battle. African Male Spirituality.
Stephen Boyd. ‘A Man was going down From Jerusalem…’: The Psychosocial Roots of Sin and Possibilities for Healing.
David Livingston. Responsible Forgiveness Within a Relational Church Community.
Donald Capps. Don Quixote as Moral Narcissist: Implications for Mid-Career Male Ministers.
James Newton Poling. Masculinity, Competitive Violence, and Christian Theology.
Merle Longwood. Allies in the Sexual Healing Journey: Reflections for Partners of Women Who Were Sexually Abused as Children.
Marvin Ellison. Setting the Captives Free: Same-Sex Domestic Violence and the Justice-Loving Church.
Philip Culbertson. Designing Men: Reading Male Bodies as Texts.
Brett Webb-Mitchell. Disabled Bodies, Healing Bodies, Christ’s Body.
Jerrald Townsend and Robert Bennett. Can Men Learn to Float? Spirituality and Health Crises.
Robert Goss. The Integration of Sexuality and Spirituality: Gay Sexual Prophets Within the UFMCC.
Philip Culbertson. ‘The Things We Do!’: Nurturing the Authority of Men in Ministry.
Ed Thompson. Men’s Faith: The Effects of Pre- and Post-Retirement Masculinities.
Lee Butler. Xodus to the Promised Man: Revising our Anthropodicy.
Philip Culbertson. Conclusion.

Dart, J. (1995). Promise Keepers, a message to L.A. Men. Los Angeles Times, May 6, p. 4.

Dashnau, Laurie Coene. (1996). Rhetorics of Gender: Christian Traditionalists, Biblical Feminists, and Promise Keepers. PhD Dissertation, Maimi University. Oxford, OH.

Donovan, Brian. (1998). Political consequences of private authority: Promise Keepers and the transformation of hegemonic masculinity. Theory and Society. 27(6), pp. 817-843.

Faludi, Susan. (1999). Where am I in the Kingdom?. Chapter Five in Stiffed: The Betrayal of the American Man, William Morrow & Company

Fortune, Marie M. (1995). A Promise Not Yet Made: Reflections on the Promise Keepers Movement. Working Together, 16(2) Winter

Gallagher, Sally K., and Sabrina L. Wood. (2005). Godly Manhood Going Wild? Transformations in Conservative Protestant Masculinity. Sociology of Religion, 66(2), Summer.

Gilbreath, E. (1995). Manhood’s Great Awakening. Christianity Today, February 6, pp. 20-26.

Heath, Melanie. (2003). Soft-Boiled Masculinity: Renegotiating gender and racial ideologies in the Promise Keepers movement. Gender & Society, 17(3), pp. 423-444.

Hicks, Robert. (1993). The Masculine Journey: Understanding the six Stages of Manhood (A Promise Keepers Study Guide).

Hoffer, R., and S. Smith. (1995). Putting his House in Order (B. McCartney Quits), Sports Illustrated, January 16, pp. 28-32.

Janssen, Al. (ed.). (1994). Seven Promises of a Promise Keeper. Colorado Springs: Focus on the Family Publishing.

Johnson, Hans. (1995). Broken Promise?. Church and State, 48(5), pp. 9-12.

Johnson, S. (2000). Who Supports the Promise Keepers? Sociology of Religion, 61, 93-104.

Lippy, Charles. (1997). Miles to Go: Promise Keepers in Historical and Cultural Context. Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Summer/Fall, lxxx/2-3.

Lockhart, William H. (2000). “We are one life,” but not of one gender ideology: Unity, ambiguity, and the Promise Keepers. Sociology of Religion, 61(1), pp. 73-92.

McCartney, Bill. (ed.). (1992). What Makes a Man?. Colorado Springs: NavPress.

Messner, Michael A. (1997). Essentialist Retreats: The Mythopoetic Men’s Movement and the Christian Promise Keepers. In Politics of Masculinities: Men in Movements. University of Southern California: Sage Publications

Minkowitz, Donna. (1995). In the Name of the Father. (the Promise Keepers), Ms, November/December

Moore, Stephen D. (1996). God’s Gym: Divine Male Bodies of the Bible. Routledge.

National Organisation for Women. (1997). NOW Myths and Facts About The Promise Keepers. http://www.now.org/issues/right/promise/mythfact.html

Neiberger, Ami. (1996). Promise keepers: Seven Reasons to Watch Out. Freedom Writer, September (Institute for First Amendment Studies)

Neill, M. (1995). Old Ways, New Men: B. McCartney, founder of Promise Keepers. People Weekly, July 31, pp. 46-48.

Novosad, Nancy. (1996). God Squad: The Promise Keepers fight for a Man’s World. The Progressive, August, pp. 25-27.

Political Research Association. (1998). Challenging Promise Keepers: An Organizers Information Packet. (USA).

Promise Keepers. (1996). Internet Postings (including Press Releases) on Their World Wide Web site, http://www.promisekeepers.org/.

Ribuffo, Leo P. (1998). Promise Keepers on the Mall. Dissent, Winter.

Shapiro, J.P. (1995). Heavenly Promises. U.S. News & World Report, 119, October 2, pp. 68-70.

Silverstein, Louise B., Carl F. Auerbach, Loretta Grieco, and Faith Dunkel. (1999). Do Promise Keepers dream of feminist sheep?. Sex Roles, 40(9/10), pp. 665-688.

Sterling Research Association. (1996). Promise Keepers: The Third Wave of the American Religious Right. New York (42 pages).

Stewart, Robert. (1996). Transforming Maleness: Invitational Rhetoric in a Promise Keepers’ Rally Speech. Unpublished Manuscript Presented at Speech Comunication Association, San Diego.

Stoltenberg, John. (1995). Male Virgins, Blood Covenants & Family Values (the Promise Keepers), On The Issues: The Progressive Women’s Quarterly, Spring

Van Biema, D. (1995). Full of Promise. Time, November 6, pp. 62-63.

Van Leeuwen, Mary Stewart. (1997). Servanthood or Soft Patriarchy? A Christian Feminist Looks at the Promise Keepers Movement, Journal of Men’s Studies, 5(3), February, pp.233-261.

Wagenheim, Jeff. (1996). Among the Promise Keepers. Utne Reader, January-February, pp. 74-77.

Webb-Mitchell, Brett. (1997). And a Football Coach Shall Lead Them: A Theological Critique of ‘Seven Promises of a Promise Keeper’. Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Summer/Fall. (1997). (lxxx/2-3).

Williams, Rhys H. (2000). Introduction: Promise keepers: A comment on religion and social movements. Sociology of Religion, 61(1): 1-10.

Williams, Rhys H. (ed.). (2001). Promise Keepers and the New Masculinity: Private Lives and Public Morality. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books: Copublished with the Association for the Sociology of Religion.

Woodward, K.L. (1994). The gospel of guyhood. Newsweek, 124, August 29, pp. 60-61.



Men of Action (U.S., Promise Keepers’ Quarterly Newsletter)

New Man: For Men of Integrity. Official Magazine of the Promise Keepers (U.S., defunct since 2001).