e) Gender and the law

Note: For references on family law, see the section under “Divorce, separation and Child custody” as well as under “Fathers’ Rights” in the section “Fatherhood and Families”.


Albertson, Martha A., and Nancy S. Thomadsen. (eds.). (1991). At the Boundaries of Law: Feminism and Legal Theory. New York: Routledge.

Alexander, Renata. (1999). Family law in the future. Alternative Law Journal, 24(3), June.

Baer, Judith A. (2002). Women In American Law: The Struggle Toward Equality From The New Deal To The Present. 3d ed. rev. New York: Holmes & Meier.

Bartlett, Katharine T., and Angela P. Harris. (2002). Gender & Law: Theory, Doctrine, Commentary. 3d ed. New York: Panel Publishers.

Bartlett, Katharine T., and Rosanne Kennedy. (eds.). (1991). Feminist Legal Theory: Readings in Law and Gender.

Becker, Mary, Cynthia Bowman, and Morrison Torrey. (year?). Cases and Materials in Feminist Jurisprudence: Taking Women Seriously. West.

Bell, Vicki. (1993). Interrogating Incest: Feminism, Foucault and the Law. Routledge.

Berger, Maurice, Brian Wallis, and Simon Watson. (eds.). (1995). Constructing Masculinity. New York and London: Routledge (especially section 4. Masculinity and the rule of law)

Boumil, Marcia M., and Stephen C. Hicks. (1992). Women & the Law. Littleton, CO: Fred B. Rothman & Company.

Boyd, S. (1999). Family, Law and Sexuality: Feminist Engagements. Social Legal Studies, 8(3): 369-390.

Carrington, K. (2015). Feminism and Global Justice. London: Routledge.

Chan, Anja A. (1994). Women & Sexual Harassment: A Guide to the Legal Protections of Title VII & the Hostile Environment Claim. New York: The Haworth Press.

Cheah, Pheng, David Fraser, and Judith Grbich. (eds.). (1996). Thinking Through the Body of the Law. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Cornell, Drucilla. (1991). Beyond Accommodation: Ethical Feminism, Deconstruction, & the Law. New York: Routledge.

Corsianos, Marilyn, and Kelly Amanda Train. (eds.). (1999). Interrogating Social Justice: Politics, Culture and Identity. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.
Freedom Versus Equality: Where Does Justice Lie? / Marilyn Corsianos
Countering Convention: Active Resistance and the Return of Anarchy / Jeffrey Arnold Shantz
Governing Criminological Knowledge: State, Power, and the Politics of Criminological Research / Reece Walters and Mike Presdee
Questioning the Confines of Criminology: Can Feminism Thrive Within the Discipline / Deborah Plechner
Crimes of Violence: An Examination of the Identification of Women as Violent Offenders in the Canadian Criminal Justice System / Colleen Anne Dell
The Crime of Authenticity: regulating Boundaries of Identity Around Jewish Community Through the Image of Russian Jewish Criminality / Kelly Armanda Train
Negotiating Deviance and Normativity: Performance Art, Boundary Transgressions and Social Change / Britta B. Wheeler
Sickdopers: a Reconceptualization of Becker’s Marijuana Theory as Applied to Chemotherapy Patients / Timothy P. Rouse
Do the Current Social and Psychological Theories Really Explain the Initial Causes of Drug Abuse? / Peter J. Venturelli
Gender Differences in the Impact of Incarceration on the Children and Families of Drug Offenders / Susan F. Sharp. [et al.]
First Nations Peoples and Law Enforcement: Community Perspectives on Police Response / Robynne Neugebauer.

Crites, Laura L., and Winifred L. Hepperle. (eds.). (1987). Women, the Courts & Equality. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Cynthia K. Gillespie. (1990). Justifiable Homicide: Battered Women, Self-Defense, & the Law. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.

Dayton, Cornelia H. (1995). Women Before the Bar: Gender, Law, & Society in Connecticut, 1639-1789. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

DeCoste, F.C., Munro, K.M. and MacPherson, Lillian. (eds.). (1991). Feminist Legal Literature: A selective annotated bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing.

Douglas, H., Bartlett, F., Luker, T., Hunter, R. (Eds.). (2014). Australian Feminist Judgments: Righting and re-writing law. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Dowd, Nancy E., and Michelle S. Jacobs. (eds.). (2003). Feminist Legal Theory: An Anti-Essentialist Reader. New York: New York University Press.

Easteal, Patricia. (2001). Less Than Equal: Women and the Australian Legal System. Butterworths
1. Introduction - The Kaleidoscope of Reality.
2. Theories About Criminality and Impact on Sentencing.
3. Women Who Kill Violent Partners.
4. Single Parent Payment fraud.
5. Women in Prison.
6 Violence Against Women in the Home.
7. Sexual Assault Law Reform and Mythology.
8. Discrimination and Dysfunction in the Workplace.
9. Sexual harassment.
10. Intersectionality - Greater Than the Sum of the Parts.
11. Women as Legal Practitioners.
12. Outlaw Looking In.

Egger, S. (1994). An examination of feminist contributions to law reform. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Vol. 27.

Epstein, Cynthia F. (1993). Women in Law. 2nd ed., Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Fineman, Martha A., and Martha T. McCluskey. (eds.). (1997). Feminism, Media, and the Law. New York: Oxford University Press.

Forell, Caroline A. (2000). A Law of Her Own: The Reasonable Woman as a Measure of Man. New York: New York University Press.

Forer, Lois G. (1991). Unequal Protection: Women, Children and the Elderly in Court. New York.

Fredman, Sandra. (1997). Women and the Law. Oxford University Press.

Frug, Mary J. (1992). Women & the Law. Westbury. New York: Foundation Press.

Frug, Mary J. (1993). Postmodern Legal Feminism. New York: Routledge.

Goldstein, Leslie Friedman. (1988). The Constitutional Rights of Women: Cases in Law & Social Change. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Goldstein, Leslie Friedman. (1994). Contemporary Cases in Women’s Rights. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Goldstein, Leslie Friedman. (ed). (1992). Feminist Jurisprudence: The Difference Debate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Graycar, Regina, and Jenny Morgan. (1990). The Hidden Gender of Law. Federation Press.

Graycar, Regina, and Jenny Morgan. (1999). A quarter century of feminism in law: Back to the future. Alternative Law Journal, 24(3), June.

Greenberg, Judith G., Dorothy E. Roberts, and Martha L. Minow. (eds.). (2001). Frug’s Women And The Law. 2d ed. New York: Foundation Press.

Gruen, Lori and Panichas, George E. (eds.). (1998). Sex, Morality, and the Law. Routledge.

Hancock, Linda. (ed). (1999). Women, Public Policy and the State. South Yarrra, VIC: Centre for Public Policy.

Heinzelman, Susan Sage, and Zipporah Batshaw Wiseman. (eds.). (1994). Representing Women: Law, Literature, and Feminism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Hoff, Joan. (1994). Law, Gender, & Injustice: A Legal History of U.S. Women. New York: New York University Press.

Hughes, Gordon. Understanding Crime Prevention: Social Control, Risk and late Modernity. Open University Press.

Jack, Rand, and Dana C. Jack. (1989). Moral Vision & Professional Decisions: The Changing Values of Women & Men Lawyers. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kingdom, Elizabeth. (1991). What’s Wrong with Rights? Problems for Feminist Politics of Law.

Kirkby, Diane. (ed). (1995). Sex, Power and Justice: Historical Perspectives on Law in Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Law Reform Commission. (1994). Equality Before the Law: Justice for Women, Report No. 69, Part I. Sydney: Commonwealth of Australia.

Lees, Sue. (1996). Ruling Passions: Sexual Violence, Reputation and the Law. Open University Press.

Levit, Nancy, and Robert L. Hayman. (1994). Jurisprudence: Contemporary Readings, Narratives and Problems. West Publishing Co.

Levit, Nancy. (1998). The Gender Line: Men, Women, and the Law. New York: New York University Press.

MacKinnon, Catherine. (1987). Feminism Unmodified. London: Harvard University Press.

MacKinnon, Catherine. (1989). Towards a Feminist Theory of the State. Harvard University Press.

Martin, Susan Erhlich, and Nancy C. Jurik. (1996). Doing Justice, Doing Gender: Women in Law and Criminal Justice Occupations. Sage.

Maschke, Karen J. (ed). (1997). Gender & American Law: The Impact of the Law on the Lives of Women. New York: Garland Publishing, 7 vols: vol. 1: Women and the American legal order; vol. 2: Reproduction, Sexuality, and the Family; vol. 3: The Employment Context; vol. 4: Educational Equity; vol. 5: Legal Response to Violence Against Women; vol. 6: Pornography, Sex Work, and hate speech; vol. 7: Feminist legal Theories.

Matsuda, Mari J. (1992). (ed.). Called From Within: Early Women Lawyers of Hawai’i. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Maveety, Nancy. (1996). Justice Sandra Day O’Connor: Strategist on the Supreme Court. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

McDonald, E. (2014). Feminist legal theory in Aotearoa New Zealand: The impact of international critical work on local criminal law reform. Women’s Studies Journal, 28(2), 68-87.

McLean, Sheila, and Noreen Burrows. (eds.). (1988). The Legal Relevance of Gender: Some Aspects of Sex-Biased Discrimination. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press International.

Merlo, Alida V. (1994). Women, Law, & Social Control. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Mezey, Susan G. (1991). In Pursuit of Equality: Women, Public Policy, & the Federal Courts. New York: Saint Martin’s Press.

Moran, Leslie. (1996). The Homosexual(ity) of Law. Routledge.

Murray, Mary. (1995). The Law of the Father? Feminism and Patriarchy.

Naffine, Ngaire. Law Between the Sexes: Explorations in Feminist Jurisprudence. Allen & Unwin.

O’Shea, Kathleen A. (1999). Women and the Death Penalty in the United States, 1900-1998. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers.

Olsen, Frances. (ed.). (1995). Feminist Legal Theory. New York: New York University Press, 2 vols: vol. 1: Foundations and outlooks; vol. 2: Positioning Feminist Theory Within the law.

Peters, J.S. and Wolper, Andrea. (eds.). (1995). Women’s Rights, Human Rights: International Feminist Perspectives.

Puren, Nina and Alison Young. (eds.). (1999). Australian Feminist Legal Journal, Special Issue: Law, Culture and the Questions of Feminism, No. 13.

Ragman, Padma. (1996). Gendered Justice: Some Feminist Interventions Into Law. In Hughes, Kate Pritchard. (ed.). Contemporary Australian Feminism. Melbourne: Longman Chesire (2nd edition).

Rhode, Deborah. (1989). Justice and Gender. Harvard University Press.

Scutt, Jocelynne A. (1990). Women and the Law: Commentary and Materials. Sydney: The Law Book Company.

Scutt, Jocelynne A. (1997). The Incredible Woman: Power and Sexual Politics. Volume 1. Melbourne: Artemis (Part One: Judicial Wisdom. Patriarchal Power)

Sealey, Raphael. (1997). Women and Law in Classical Greece.

Smart, Carol. (1989). Feminism and the Power of Law. London: Routledge.

Smart, Carol. (1995). Law, Crime and Sexuality: Essays in Feminism. London: Sage.

Smith, Patricia. (ed). (1993). Feminist Jurisprudence. New York: Oxford University Press.

Solinger, Rickie. (1995). The Abortionist: A Woman Against the Law. New York: Free Press.

Sommers, Evelyn K. (1995). Voices From Within: Women in Conflict with The Law. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.

St. Joan, Jacqueline and McElhiney, Annette Bennington. (eds.). (1997). Beyond Portia: Women, Law, and Literature in the United States. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Thacker, Anne. (1997). Women and the Law: Judicial Attitudes as They Impact on Women. Geelong, VIC: Deakin University Press. Includes;
Duncan Kerr / Law Reform and Australian Women: Courage and Conscience.
Elizabeth Evatt / Equality and Gender Bias: The Australian Scene.
Marcia Neave / Naming a Problem: Gender Bias.
Deborah Cass / Through the Looking Glass: The High Court and the Right to Political Speech.
Beth Wilson / Guano and Administrative Review.
Jude McCulloch / Gender Bias in legal Practice: A Legal Practitioner’s Perspective.
Deirdre O’Connor / Working on Equality before the law: The Australian Institute of Judicial Administration.
Sally Brown / The Practicalities of Working Within the legal System: A magistrate’s View.
Moira Rayner / Judicial Interpretation of Sex-Bias Law.
Jelena Popivich / Why Women Should Be Appointed to the Bench.
Rosemary Hunter / Sex Discrimination and Australian Legal Culture.
Archana Parashar / Family Law and Discrimination.
David Malcolm / Judicial Education.
Susan Walpole / Human Rights Issues and Judicial Awareness.
Kate Gilmore / A Letter to the Custodians of Australia’s legal System.
Theresa McCarthy / When Victim/Survivors of Sexual Assault are Raped by ‘Reasonable Men’ and Judged by Legal ‘Reasoning’.
Alastair Nicholson / Judicial Appointments.
Patmalar Ambikapathy / Legal Representations of Victims: Statutory Discrimination and Gender Biased Interpretation of the law.
Jennifer Coate / Issues With Victim Statements.
Melanie Young / Gender Bias and Industrial Relations Laws.
Anne Thacker / Social Security Department Prosecutions and Sentencing of Women Offenders.
Pamela O’Neil / Challenging the Dominant Paradigm: Women and Administrative Tribunals.
Kathy Mack / Judicial Attitudes and Women’s Credibility: Barriers to Equality in Law.
Jocelynne Scutt / Strategies for Increasing Awareness Within the Law Concerning Sex Bias.
Chief Judge Waldron / The Criminal Trial in the County Court.
Jane Matthews / Women and the Law: Judicial Attitudes and Their Impact on Women.

Thornton, Margaret. (1996). Dissonance and Distrust: Women in the Legal Profession. Oxford University Press.

Weisberg, D. Kelley. Feminist Legal Theory: Foundations. Temple University Press.

Weisberg, D. Kelly. (ed.). (1982). Women & the Law: The Social Historical Perspective. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman Books. 2 vols: vol. 1: Woman & the Criminal law; vol. 2: Property, Family, & the legal Profession.

West, Robin. (1997). Caring for Justice.

Wing, Adrien Katherine. (ed.). (1997). Critical Race Feminism. New York: New York University Press.

Women’s Legal Service Inc. (Queensland). (1998). Submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission, Issues Paper 22: Review of the Adversarial System of Litigation - Rethinking Family Law. Annerley, QLD, September

Wortman, Marlene S., Linda I. Greene, and Adrienne E. Lesser. (1985). (eds.). Women in American Law. Vol. 1: From Colonial times to the New Deal. New York: Holmes & Meier.



Australian Feminist Law Journal

Canadian Journal of Women and the Law

Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy

Feminist Legal Studies (UK)

Wisconsin Women’s Law Journal

Yale Journal of Law and Feminism