Short introductions to scholarship on men and masculinities and the terms ‘masculinity’ and ‘masculinities’


Note: Also see the section on debates regarding the terms ‘masculinity’ and ‘hegemonic masculinity’.


Beynon, John. (2002). What is Masculinity? Chapter 1 in Masculinities and Culture. Buckingham; Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Connell, R. W. (1995).  The social organization of masculinity.  Chapter 3 in Connell’s Masculinities (pp. 67-86, 249-250).  Berkeley: University of California Press.

Connell, R.W. (2000). New directions in theory and research. Chapter 2 in The Men and the Boys (pp. 15-36).  Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Connell, R. W. (2005).  Introduction to the second edition. In Masculinities. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Featherstone, Brid, Mark Rivett, and Jonathan Scourfield. (2007). Working with Men in Health and Social Care. Sage.
Understanding Masculinities
The Politics of Masculinity.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. (2002). Introduction. In Judith Gardiner, (ed.) Masculinity Studies and Feminist Theory: New Directions. Columbia University Press.

Hearn, Jeff. (2007) Masculinity/Masculinities. In The International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities. Ed. M. Flood, J.K. Gardiner, B. Pease, and K. Pringle. Taylor & Francis.

Kimmel, Michael. (2004). Masculinities. In Michael Kimmel and Amy Aronson (Eds.). Men & Masculinities: A social, cultural, and historical encyclopedia, Vol. II (pp. 503-507). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC Clio.

Kimmel, Michael S., and Michael Messner. (1998). Introduction. In Michael S. Kimmel and Michael Messner, (eds). Men’s Lives. New York/Toronto: Macmillan/Maxwell (4th edition).

Whitehead, Stephen M., and Frank J. Barrett. (2001). The Sociology of Masculinity. In Stephen M. Whitehead and Frank J. Barrett, (eds). The Masculinities Reader (pp. 1-26). Cambridge: Polity Press.