(ii) Further general works on race, ethnicity, and men and masculinities

-. (1977). Various pieces in section “Third World Men”. In Snodgrass, Jon. (ed.). A Book of Readings: For Men Against Sexism, Albion CA: Times Change Press.

Ahmad, Ali Nobil. (2011). Masculinity, Sexuality and Illegal Migration: Human Smuggling from Pakistan to Europe. Ashgate.

Andrew, A. (2004). Dominant and destructive masculinities. International Affairs, January, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 89-91.

Archer, Louise, and Hiromi Yamashita. (2003). Theorising inner-city masculinities: ‘Race’, class, gender and education. Gender & Education, 15(2), pp. 115-132.

Archer, Louise. (2001). ‘Muslim Brothers, Black Lads, Traditional Asians’: British Muslim Young Men’s Constructions of Race, Religion and Masculinity. Feminism & Psychology, 11(1): 79-105.

Basso, Matthew, Laura McCall, and Dee Garceau. (eds.). (2001). Across the Great Divide: Cultures of Manhood in the American West. New York: Routledge.
Introduction / Laura McCall.
1. ‘Tell Me with Whom You Walk and I Will Tell You Who You Are’: Honor and Virtue in Eighteenth-Century Colonial New Mexico / Ramon A. Gutierrez.
2. Bulls, Bears, and Dancing Boys: Race, Gender, and Leisure in the California Gold Rush / Susan Lee Johnson.
3. Manly Gambles: The Politics of Risk on the Comstock Lode, 1860-1880 / Gunther Peck.
4. Cool to the End: Public Hangings and Western Manhood / Durwood Ball.
5. White Men, Red Masks: Appropriations of ‘Indian’ Manhood in Imagined Wests / David Anthony Tyeeme Clark; Joane Nagel.
6. ‘A Distinct and Antagonistic Race’: Constructions of Chinese Manhood in the Exclusionist Debates, 1869-1878 / Karen J. Leong.
7. Nomads, Bunkies, Cross-Dressers, and Family Men: Cowboy Identity and the Gendering of Ranch Work / Dee Garceau.
8. Domesticated Bliss: Ranchers and Their Animals / Karen R. Merrill.
9. Man-Power: Montana Copper Workers, State Authority, and the(Re)drafting of Manhood during World War II / Matthew Basso.
10. On the Road: Cassady, Kerouac, and Images of Late Western Masculinity / Craig Leavitt.
11. ‘All the Best Cowboys Have Chinese Eyes’: The Utilization of the Cowboy-Hero Image in Contemporary Asian-American Literature / Steven M. Lee.
12. ‘I Guess Your Warrior Look Doesn’t Work Every Time’: Challenging Indian Masculinity in the Cinema / Brian Klopotek.
13. Tex-Sex-Mex: American Identities, Lone Stars, and the Politics of Racialized Sexuality / Jose E. Limon.

Beasley, C. (2008). Rethinking Hegemonic Masculinity in a Globalizing World. Men and Masculinities, 11(1): 86-103.

Berg, Lawrence D., and Robyn Longhurst. (2003). Placing Masculinities and Geography. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, Volume 10, Number 4, December, pp. 351-360.

Blossfeld, H.P., M. Mills and F. Bernardi (eds) (2006). Globalization, Uncertainty and Men’s Careers: An International Comparison. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Bredesen, Ole. (2004). Global Masculinities. Kvinneforskning (Journal of Gender Research in Norway), Special edition: North South. Gendered Views from Norway.

Brittan, Arthur, and Mary Maynard. (1984). Sexism, Racism and Oppression. Basil Blackwell.

Carby, H. V. (1998). Race Men. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Carden-Coyne, Anna Alexandra. (1999). Classical heroism and modern life: Bodybuilding and masculinity in the early twentieth century. Journal of Australian Studies, New Talents 21C, No. 63.

Chopra, Radhika, Caroline Osella, and Filippo Osella. (eds.). (2004). South Asian Masculinities: Context of Change, Sites of Continuity. New Dehli: Women Unlimited (Kali for Women).
Introduction: Towards a More Nuanced Approach to Masculinity – Towards a Richer Understanding of South Asian Men / CAROLINE OSELLA, FILIPPO OSELLA & RADHIKA CHOPRA.
Encountering Masculinity: An ethnographer’s dilemma / RADHIKA CHOPRA.
The Workplace and the Neighbourhood: locating masculinities in the south Indian textile industry / GEERT DE NEVE.
Virginity vs. Decency: continuity and change in Pakistani men’s perception of sexuality and women / THOMAS MICHAEL WALLE.
‘My man (honour) is lost but I still have my iman (principle)’: sexual violence and articulation of masculinity / NAYANIKA MOOKHERJEE.
Gays, Paternity and Polyandry: making sense of new family forms in contemporary Sri Lanka / BOB SIMPSON.
The Masculinity of Dis-location: commodities, the metropolis, and the sex clinics of Delhi and Mumbai / SANJAY SRIVASTAVA.
Malayali Young Men and their Movie Heroes / CAROLINE & FILIPPO OSELLA.
The Importance of being Gandhi: gendering the national subject in Bombay cinema / KAREN GABRIEL.
Another History Rises to the Surface: melodrama in the age of digital simulation. Hey Ram! (Kamalahasan, 1999). / RAVI VASUDEVAN.
The Hero as Holy Man: a plea for a communal Hindu identity / ALESSANDRO MONTI.
Developing Powers: modernisation and the masculine hegemony of Hindu nationalism / P.K. VIJAYAN.

Cleaver, Frances. (ed.). (2002). Masculinities Matter! Men, Gender and Development. New York: Zed Books.
New Directions in Gender and Development: The Case for Considering Men / Frances Cleaver.
Nationalism, Masculinity and the Developmental State: Exploring Hindutva Masculinities / Prem Vijayan.
Collapsing Masculinities and Weak States: A Case Study of Northern Uganda / Chris Dolan.
Forget Lenin: The Pinguero and the Jintero as the New Guides of the International Proletariat / David Forrest.
Deconstructing Domination: Gender Disempowerment and the Legacy of Colonialism and Apartheid in Omaheke, Namibia / Niki Kandirikirira.
Men in Women’s Groups: A Gender and Agency Analysis of Local Institutions / Helen Hambly Odame.
Boys Will Be Boys: Addressing the Social Construction of Gender / Marilyn Thomson.
Why Do Dogs Lick Their Balls? Gender, Desire and Change: A Case Study from Vietnam.
Targeting Men for a Change: AIDS Discourse and Activism in Africa / Janet Bujra

Coltrane, Scott. (1988). Father-Child Relationships and the Status of Women: A Cross-Cultural Study. American Journal of Sociology, 93, pp. 1060-95.

Coltrane, Scott. (1992). The Micropolitics of Gender in Nonindustrial Societies. Gender & Society, 6.

Connolly, Paul. (1994). All Lads Together? Racism, Masculinity and Multicultural/Anti-Racist Strategies in a Primary School. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 4(2), pp. 191-211.

Cunneen, Chris, and Julie Stubbs. (2003). Fantasy Islands: Desire, “Race” and Violence. In Stephen Tomsen and Mike Donaldson. (eds.). Male Trouble: Looking at Australian Masculinities. North Melbourne, VIC: Pluto Press.

Cunningham, John Christopher. (2002). Race-Ing Masculinity: Identity in Contemporary U.S. Men’s Writing. Routledge.

Delgado, Richard, and Jean Stefancic. (1995). Minority Men, Misery, and the Marketplace of Ideas. In Maurice Berger, Brian Wallis, and Simon Watson. (eds.). Constructing Masculinity. New York and London: Routledge.

Derne, Steve. (2002). Globalization and the Reconstitution of Local Gender Arrangements. Men and Masculinities, 5(2), October.

Diggs, Nancy Brown. (2001). Looking Beyond the Mask: When American Women Marry Japanese Men. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Donaldson, Mike, Raymond Hibbins, Richard Howson, and Bob Pease. (eds.) (2009). Migrant Men: Critical Studies of Masculinities and the Migrant Experience. Routledge.
Foreword / Michael Kimmel.
1. Men and Masculinities on the Move / Raymond Hibbins and Bob Pease.
Part I: Theorising Masculinities and Migration.
2. Theorising Hegemonic Masculinity: Contradiction, Hegemony and Dislocation / Richard Howson.
3. Policy, Men and Transnationalism / Jeff Hearn and Richard Howson.
4. Migrants, Masculinities and Work in the Australian National Imaginary / Jane Haggis and Susanne Schech.
Part II: Regional Patterns of Masculine Migration.
5. Immigrant Men and Domestic Life: Renegotiating the Patriarchal Bargain? / Bob Pease.
6. Rethinking Masculinities in the African Diaspora / Ndungi wa Mungai and Bob Pease.
7. Machismo and the Construction of Immigrant Latin American Masculinities / Paul Crossley and Bob Pease.
8. Looking for Respect: Lebanese Immigrant Young Men in Australia / Scott Poynting, Paul Tabar and Greg Noble.
9. The “New” Chinese Entrepreneur in Australia: Continuities in or Challenges to Traditional Hegemonic Masculinities? / Raymond Hibbins.
10. Indonesian Muslim Masculinities in Australia / Pam Nilan, Mike Donaldson and Richard Howson.
11. Navigating Masculinities Across the Cultural Ditch: Tales from Maori Men in Australia / Richard Pringle and Paul Whitinui.
12. Men, Migration and Hegemonic Masculinity / Mike Donaldson and Richard Howson.

Dwyer, C., B. Shah and G. Sanghera (2008). ‘From cricket lover to terror suspect’: Challenging representations of young British Muslim men. Gender, Place & Culture, 15(2): 117 - 136.

Elias, J. (2008). Introduction: Hegemonic Masculinities in International Politics. Men and Masculinities, 10(4): 383-388.

Ferber, Abby L. (1995). ‘Shame of White Men’: Interracial Sexuality and the Construction of White Masculinity in Contemporary White Supremacist Discourse. Masculinities, 3(2), Summer, pp. 1-24.

Ferber, Abby L. (2000). Racial Warriors and Weekend Warriors: The Construction of Masculinity in Mythopoetic and White Supremacist Discourse. Men and Masculinities, 3(1), July.

Fowler, B. (2003). Reading Pierre Bourdieu’s Masculine Domination: Notes Towards An Intersectional Analysis Of Gender, Culture And Class. Cultural Studies , Numbers 3-4/May-July, vol. 17, no. 3-4, pp. 468-494.

Gardaphe, Fred L. (2006). From Wiseguys to Wise Men: The Gangster and Italian American Masculinities. New York: Routledge.

Gelfer, Joseph. (ed.) (2013). Masculinities in a Global Era. Springer.
01: Introduction (Joseph Gelfer)
Part 1: Theoretical Models
02: New Directions in Gender Role Conflict Research (Cormac Ó Beaglaoich, Kiran M. Sarma, Todd G. Morrison)
03: Will the Real Joseph Gelfer Please Stand Up: Multiple Masculinities and the Self (Joseph Gelfer)
Part 2: Masculinity and Stability
04: Youthful Warrior Masculinities in Indonesia (Pam Nilan, Argyo Demartoto, Agung Wibowo)
05: Men of Honor: Examining Individual Differences in Masculine Honor Beliefs (Donald A. Saucier, Jessica L. McManus)
06: “Men Are Hard… Women Are Soft”: Muslim Men and the Construction of Masculine Identity (Asifa Siraj)
Part 3: Masculinity Under Negotiation
07: Making the Global Bhadralok?: Bengali Men and the Transnational Middle Class in India (Saayan Chattopadhyay)
08: Better Men?: Gendered Culturalized Citizenship in Male Emancipation Projects in the Netherlands (Iris van Huis)
09: Fluid Masculinities? Case Study of the Kingdom of Bahrain (Magdalena Karolak, Hala Guta, Neva Helena Alexander)
10: Masculinity in Ambiguity: Constructing Taiwanese Masculine Identities between Great Powers (Ying-Chao Kao, Herng-Dar Bih)
11: Historical Sediments of Competing Gender Models in Indigenous Guatemala (Brent E. Metz, Meghan Farley Webb)
Part 4: Sexuality
12: Hypospadias, the “Bathroom Panopticon” and Men’s Psychological and Social Urinary Practices (Stephen Craig Kerry)
13: Cannibals and Ghosts: Forms of Capital, Immobility and Dependence Among Former Javanese Sex Workers in South Bali (Indonesia) (Matteo Alcano)
14: Transgender Identity and Acceptance in a Global Era: The Muxes of Juchitán (Alfredo Mirande).

Gerstner, David A. (1999). ‘Other and Different Scenes’: Oscar Micheaux’s Bodies and the Cinematic Cut. Wide Angle 21 (October): 6-19.

Gilbert, Rod, and Pam Gilbert. (1998). Masculinity at the Margins. Chapter 6 in Masculinity Goes to School, St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Gilmore, Paul. (2002). The Genuine Article: Race, Mass Culture, and American Literary Manhood. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

Goodey, Jo. (1998). Understanding racism and masculinity: Drawing on research with boys aged eight to sixteen. International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 26, pp. 393-418.

Harper, Suzanne. (1994). Subordinating Masculinities/Racializing Masculinities: Writing White Supremacist Discourse on Men’s Bodies. Masculinities, 2(4), Winter, pp. 1-20.

Hassan, W. S. (2003). Gender (and) Imperialism: Structures of Masculinity in Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North. Men and Masculinities, 5(3): 309-324.

Head, J. (2004). Standing in the Shadows: Understanding and Overcoming Depression in Black Men. Crown Arche-type.

Heron, Sean, David Keiser, Eric Rofes, Tony Smith, and Matt Wray. (1996). 5 White Guys Sitting Around Talking. Bad Subjects, Issue No. 26, May

Hoch, Paul. (1979). White Hero, Black Beast: Racism, Sexism and the Mask of Masculinity. London: Pluto Press.

Hooper, C. (2000). Masculinities in transition: the case of globalization. In M.H. Marchand and A.S. Runyan (eds.) Gender and Global Restructuring, London: Routledge, 59–73.

Hooper, Charlotte. (2001). Manly States: Masculinities, International Relations, and Gender Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Pt. 1. Theorizing Masculinities.
1. The Construction of Gender Identity.
2. Masculinities and Masculinism.
Pt. 2. Masculinities, IR, and Gender Politics.
3. Masculinities in International Relations.
4. The Economist’s Masculine Credentials.
5. The Economist, Globalization, and Masculinities.
6. The Economist/IR Intertext.
Conclusion: IR and the (Re)Making of Hegemonic Masculinity.

Huysseune, Michel. (2000). Masculinity and Secessionism in Italy: An Assessment. Nations and Nationalism, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp. 591-610, October.

Irish Reporter. (1994). Special Issue: The Irish Male, No. 14

Jandt, F. and H. Hundley (2007). Intercultural Dimensions of Communicating Masculinities. Journal of Men’s Studies, 15(2): 216.

Jones, Suzanne W. (1995). Reconstructing Manhood: Race, Masculinity, and Narrative Closure in Ernest Gaines’s A Gathering of Old Men and A Lesson before Dying. Masculinities, 3(2), Summer, pp. 43-66.

Kasson, John F. (2001). Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America. New York: Hill and Wang.

Kimmel, Michael S. (1992). Judaism, Masculinity, and Feminism. In Kimmel, Michael and Messner, Michael. (eds.). Men’s Lives. New York/Toronto: Macmillan/Maxwell (2nd edition).

Kimmel, Michael S. (2003). Globalization and its Mal(e)Contents: The Gendered Moral and Political Economy of Terrorism. International Sociology, September, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 603-620.

Kimmel, Michael S., and Abby Ferber. (2000). ‘White Men Are This Nation’: Right Wing Militias and the Restoration of Rural American Masculinity. Rural Sociology. 65(4):582-604, Dec.

Kusz, Kyle W. (2001). ‘I Want to Be the Minority’: The Politics of Youthful White Masculinities in Sport and Popular Culture in 1990s America. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 25(4), November, pp. 390-416.

Lambevski, S. A. (1999). Suck My Nation - Masculinity, Ethnicity and the Politics of (Homo)sex. Sexualities, 2(4): 397-419.

Lester, A., and F. Dussart (2009). Masculinity, ‘race’, and family in the colonies: protecting Aborigines in the early nineteenth century. Gender, Place & Culture, 16(1): 63-75.

Lester, Joan Steinau. (1994). The Future of White Men, and Other Diversity Dilemmas. Berkeley, CA: Conari Press.

Lusane, Clarence. (1993). Rap, Race and Politics. Race & Class, 35(1), July-September.

Madhubuti, Haki R. (1990). Black Men: Obsolete, Single, Dangerous? The Afrikan American Family in Transition: Essay in Discovery, Solution and Hope. Chicago, IL: Third World Press.

Martino, Wayne, and Bob Meyenn. (eds.). (2001). What About the Boys? Issues of Masculinity in Schools. Buckingham & Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Transgressing the Masculine: African American Boys and the Failure of Schools / James Earl Davis.
‘Someone Has To Go Through’: Indigenous Boys, Staying On at School and Negotiating Masculinities / Lee Simpson, Mark McFadden and Geoff Munns.

McDowell, L. (2004). Masculinity, Identity and Labour Market Change: Some Reflections on the Implications of Thinking Relationally About Difference and the Politics of Inclusion. Human Geography, March, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 45-56.

Melnick, Mimi Clar. (1990). ‘I Can Peep through Muddy Water and Spy Dry Land’: Boasts in the Blues. In Dundes, Alan, ed. Mother Wit from the Laughing Barrel. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.

Mercer, Kobena. (1997). Engendered Species. Artforum, 30 (Summer): 74-77.

Messner, Michael A. (1994). White Men Misbehaving: Feminism, Afrocentrism, and the Promise of a Critical Standpoint. In Messner, Michael A. and Sabo, Donald F. (eds.). Sex, Violence and Power in Sports: Rethinking Masculinity, Freedom, CA: The Crossing Press.

Messner, Michael A. (2000). White Guy Habitus in the Classroom: Challenging the Reproduction of Privilege. Men and Masculinities, 2(4), April.

Mumford, Kevin. (1999). Review Essay: Men’s Texts and Race. Men and Masculinities, 2(2), October.

Murphy, Michael D. (1983). Coming of Age in Seville: The Structuring of a Riteless Passage to Manhood. Journal of Anthropological Research, 39(4), Winter.

Murray, David A.B. (1999). Laws of Desire? Race, Sexuality, and Power in Male Martinican Sexual Narratives. American Ethnologist. 26(1):160-172, Feb.

Nagel, Joane. (1998). Masculinity and Nationalism: Gender and Sexuality in the Making of Nations. Ethnic & Racial Studies, 21(2), March, pp. 242-269.

Nakayama, Thomas K. (2000). The significance of “race” and masculinities. Review and Criticism, March, pp. 111-113.

Nowatzki, Robert. (1994). Race, Rape, Lynching, and Manhood Suffrage: Constructions of White and Black Masculinity in Turn-Of-The-Century White Supremacist Literature. Journal of Men’s Studies, 3(2), November, pp. 161-170.

Nye, Robert A. (1993). Masculinity and Male Codes of Honour in Modern France. New York: Oxford University Press.

Patton, T. O. (2008). Jim Crow on fraternity row: A study of the phenomenon of Blackface in the southern White fraternal order. Visual Communication Quarterly, 15.

Perry, Pamela. (2002). Shades of White: White Kids and Racial Identities in High School. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Phoenix, A. (2004). Neoliberalism and Masculinity: Racialization and the Contradictions of Schooling for 11-to 14-Year-Olds. Youth Society, 36(2): 227-246.

Phoenix, A. (2004). Neoliberalism and Masculinity: Racialization and the Contradictions of Schooling for 11-to-14-Year-Olds. Youth Society, 36(2): 227-246.

Pinar, William F. (2002). “I Am a Man”: The Queer Politics of Race. Cultural Studies <-> Critical Methodologies, February, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 113-130.

Pinar, William. (2001). The Gender of Racial Politics and Violence in America: Lynching, Prison Rape, and the Crisis of Masculinity. Counterpoints, Vol. 163. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
1. Lynching.
2. The Destabilization of Gender and the ‘Crisis’ of White Masculinity.
3. Women and Racial Politics.
4. Men and Racial Politics.
5. The Culture and Racial Politics of Masculinity.
6. The Gender of Racial Politics and Violence in America.
1. Strange Fruit.
2. To Live or Die in Dixie.
3. America’s National Crime.
4. The Gendered Civil War in the South.
5. Christian Feminism and the Destabilization of Gender in the Late Nineteenth Century.
6. The ‘Crisis’ of White Masculinity.
7. Black Protest and the Emergence of Ida B. Wells.
8. White Women and the Campaign against Lynching: Frances Willard, Jane Addams, Jesse Daniel Ames.
9. White Women in the Ku Klux Klan.
10. The N.A.A.C.P. and the Struggle for Antilynching Legislation, 1897-1971.
11. The N.A.A.C.P. and the Struggle for Antilynching Federal Legislation, 1917-1950.
12. The Communist Party/N.A.A.C.P. Rivalry in the Trials of the Scottsboro Nine.
13. The Gender of Violence.
14. Black Men: You Don’t Even Know Who I Am.
15. White Men: I Don’t Even Know Who I Am.
16. It’s a Man’s World.
17. Claude Neal’s Revenge.
18. Into Each Other’s Arms.
19. ‘I Am a Man’: The Queer Character of Racial Politics and Violence in America.
App. ‘[T]he Great Long National Shame: Selected Incidents of Racial Violence in the United States.

Powell, Kevin. (2003). Who’s Gonna Take the Weight: Manhood, Race, and Power in America. New York: Three Rivers Press.

Quayson, Valentina Napolitano. (2005). Social Suffering and Embodied States of Male Transnational Migrancy in San Francisco, California. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, Volume 12, Number 3, July-September, pp. 335-362.

Rebhorn, Matthew. (2003). Flaying Dutchman. Callalo, 26 (Summer): 796-812.

Rutherford, Jonathan. (1988). Who’s That Man? In Chapman, Rowena and Rutherford, Jonathan. (eds.). Male Order - Unwrapping Masculinity. London: Lawrence & Wishart, pp. 60-67.

Saez, P., A. Casado, et al. (2009). Factors Influencing Masculinity Ideology among Latino Men. The Journal of Men’s Studies 17(2): 116-128.

Salzinger, Leslie. (2004). Revealing the unmarked: Finding masculinity in a global factory. Ethnography, March, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 5-27.

Seidler, Victor J. (2007). Urban Fears and Global Terrors: Citizenship, multicultures and belongings after 7/7. Routledge.
1. Traumatic Events, Precarious Lives and Social Theory 2. Urban Fears and the Horrors of 7/7 3. Urban Dreams, Fears and Realities 4. Missing, Loss, Fear and Terror 5. Fears, Anxieties, Islam and Responsibilities 6. Young Masculinities, Islam and Terror 7. Young Men, Islamic Cultures and Belonging/s 8. Global Terror, Islam and Citizenship 9. Fears, Uncertainties and Terror 10. The West, Islam and the Politics of Dialogue 11. Faith, Martyrdom and Suicide Bombings 12. Religion, Race and Multiculturalisms 13. Civilisations, Terrorisms and Hospitalities 14. Civilisations, Belongings and Ethics 15. Citizenships, Multiculture and Belonging/s.

Stade, George. (1985). Womanist Fiction and Male Characters. Partisan Review, 52 (1985): 264-270.

Thompson, C., E. Schaefer, and H. Brod. (ed.). (2003). White Men Challenging Racism: 35 personal stories. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Walker, David. (1985). Continence for a nation: Seminal loss and national vigour. Labour History, No. 48, March.

Wellman, David. (1997). Minstrel Shows, Affirmative Action Talk, and Angry White Men: Marking Racial Otherness in the 1990s. In Frankenberg, Ruth. (ed.). Displacing Whiteness: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism. Durham & London: Duke University Press.

Whitehead, Stephen. (ed.). (2006). Men and Masculinities: Critical Concepts in Sociology. 5 Volumes.
Volume 4.
61. D. Marriott. (1996). ‘Reading Black Masculinities’, Understanding Masculinities.
62. L. Archer. (2001). ‘Muslim Brothers, Black Lads, Traditional Asians’, Feminism and Psychology.
63. B. K. Alexander. (2004). ‘Passing, Cultural Performance and Individual Agency: Performative Reflections on Black Masculine Identity’, Cultural Studies-Critical Methodologies.
64. R. E. Hall. (2001). ‘The Ball Curve: Calculated Racism and the Stereotype of African American Men’, Journal of Black Studies.
65. bell hooks. (2004). ‘don’t make me hurt you’: black male violence’, We Real Cool: Blac.

Wiegman, Robyn. (1993). Feminism, ‘The Boyz,’ and Other Matters Regarding the Male. In Cohan, Steven and Rae Ina Hark, (eds.). Screening the Male: Exploring Masculinities in Hollywood Cinema. London: Routledge.

Wilcox, Paula. (2005). Beauty and the Beast: Gendered and Raced Discourse in the News. Social & Legal Studies, 14 (December 2005): 515-532.

Wilson, George. (1997). Payoffs to Power Among Males in the Middle-Class: Has Race Declined in its Significance? Sociological Quarterly, 38(4).

Wu, Linda. (1997). Ethnicities and Gay Masculinities. Paper to Conference, Masculinities: Renegotiating Genders. University of Wollongong, 20 June.

Yiu Fai, C. (2008). Martial Arts Films and Dutch-Chinese Masculinities: Smaller Is Better. China Information, 22(2): 331-359.