Males have rates of completed suicide several times those of females. Male suicide is shaped in part by constructions of masculinity, as a range of studies have documented. Here, we have collected key studies and reports on male suicide, in full text (PDF) below. To highlight some of these studies;
- Masculinity – the way men are brought up to behave and the roles and behaviours expected of them – contributes to suicide in men (Whyllie et al.).
- Traditional masculinity is an important predictor of suicidal thoughts in males. As one study found, “Traditional masculinity was associated with suicidal ideation, second only in strength to depression” (Coleman, 2015).
- Another study finds that men who endorse traditional masculinity, especially self-reliance, are more likely to have suicidal thoughts (Pirkis et al. 2017).
The full text pieces are as follows. Also see the academic references listed here: http://www.xyonline.net/content/g-suicide. Additions are most welcome.
Adinkrah, M. (2012). Better dead than dishonored: Masculinity and male suicidal behavior in contemporary Ghana. Social science & medicine, 74(4), 474-481.
Alston, M. (2012). Rural male suicide in Australia. Social Science & Medicine, 74(4), 515-522
Canetto, S. S., & Cleary, A. (2012). Men, masculinities and suicidal behaviour. Social Science & Medicine, 4(74), 461-465.
Canetto, Silvia Sara. (2017). Suicide: Why are older men so vulnerable?. Men and Masculinities, 20(1), 49-70.
Cleary, A. (2012). Suicidal action, emotional expression, and the performance of masculinities. Social Science & Medicine, 74(4), 498-505
Coleman, D. (2015). Traditional Masculinity as a Risk Factor for Suicidal Ideation: Cross-Sectional and Prospective Evidence from a Study of Young Adults. Archives of Suicide Research, 19(3), 366-384.
Flood, M. (2007) Suicide. In The International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities. Ed. M. Flood, J.K. Gardiner, B. Pease, and K. Pringle. Taylor & Francis.
Kõlves, K., E-K. Kumpula, And D. De Leo. (2007). Suicidal behaviours in men: determinants and prevention in Australia. Brisbane: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention
Mac an Ghaill, M. and Haywood, C. (2012) Understanding Boys: Thinking through boys, masculinity and suicide. Social Science and Medicine, 74(4): 482-89.
Möller-Leimkühler, A.M. (2003). The gender gap in suicide and premature death or: why are men so vulnerable? European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 253(1): 1-8.
Oliffe, J. L., Ogrodniczuk, J. S., Bottorff, J. L., Johnson, J. L., & Hoyak, K. (2012). “You feel like you can’t live anymore”: Suicide from the perspectives of Canadian men who experience depression. Social Science & Medicine, 74, 506–514.
Pirkis, Jane, Matthew J. Spittal, Louise Keogh, Tass Mousaferiadis, and Dianne Currier. (2017). Masculinity and suicidal thinking. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 52, no. 3: 319-327
Pitman, A., Krysinska, K., Osborn, D., & King, M. (2012). Suicide in young men. The Lancet, 379, 2383–2392.
Russell, S. T., & Toomey, R. B. (2012). Men’s sexual orientation and suicide: Evidence for US adolescent-specific risk. Social Science & Medicine, 74(4), 523-529
Scourfield, J., & Evans, R. (2014). Why might men be more at risk of suicide after a relationship breakdown? Sociological insights. American Journal of Men’s Health, 9(5): 380-84.
Wyllie, Clare et al. (n.d.). Men, Suicide and Society. Surrey, UK: Samaritans