Abe, I. (2006). Muscular Christianity in Japan: The growth of a hybrid. The International Journal of the History of Sport. 23(5), 714–738. Also appears in MacAloon, J. J. (Ed.) (2007). Muscular Christianity and the colonial and post–colonial world. Sport in the global society. London: Routledge.
AIEMPR (Association), Domínguez, C., & Briones Gómez, R. (2003). XVI Congreso Internacional Género y Religión: masculino–femenino y hecho religioso. Granada: Universidad de Granada.
Alderson, David. (1998). Mansex fine: religion, manliness and imperialism in nineteenth–century British culture. Manchester, England; New York: Manchester University Press. Contents: Introduction / 1. Manly freedom / 2. An anatomy of England: Alton Locke, Christian manliness and the games ethic / 3. Out of unreality: J. H. Newman / 4. Hysteric Celts / 5. The wreck of an English subject: Gerard Manley Hopkins / 6. Hopkins, body and sexuality / 7. Buggering Gerald: Wilde and English virtue / Conclusion.
Alderson, David. (1996). An Anatomy of the British Polity: Alton Locke and Christian Manliness. In Ruth Robbins, & Julian Wolfreys (Eds.), Victorian Identities: Social and Cultural Formations in Nineteenth–Century Literature (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, pp. 43–61.
Alter, J. S. (2004). Indian Clubs and Colonialism: Hindu Masculinity and Muscular Christianity. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 46(3), 497–534.
Armato, Michael, and William Marsiglio. (2002). Self-Structure, Identity, and Commitment: Promise Keepers’ Godly Man Project. Symbolic Interaction, 25(1), 41-65.
Arthur, E. D. (2003). Muscular Christianity: manhood and sports in Protestant America 1880–1920. Journal of American studies, 37(2), 354.
Ash, J. F. (2000). “Holy virility”: Masquerading masculinity in the autobiographical texts of Augustine of Hippo and Henry Suso. Unpublished Ph.D., Northwestern University, United States— Illinois.
Azkoul, M. (2007). Order of creation, order of redemption: the ordination of women in the Orthodox Church. Rollinsford, N.H.: Orthodox Research Institute. Includes chapters: The holy Fathers —The “masculinity” of God—The male Christ —The male priesthood.
Baker-Fletcher, Garth Kasimu. (1995). XODUS: An African-American Male Journey. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
Baker-Fletcher, Garth Kasimu. (1998). Black Religion after the Million Man March. Maryknoll: Orbis.
Bartkowski, J. (2004). The Promise Keepers. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP.
Bartkowski, John (2001). Remaking the Godly Marriage: Gender Negotiation in Evangelical Families. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Beal, B. (1997). The Promise Keepers’ use of sport in defining “Christlike”masculinity. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 21(3), 274–284.
Bederman, Gail (1989). “The Women Have Had Charge of the Church Work Long Enough”: The Men and Religion Forward Movement of 1911–1912 and the Masculinization of Middle–Class Protestantism. American Quarterly, 41(3), 432–65. Also appears in Juster, S., & MacFarlane, L. (Eds.) (1996). A mighty baptism: race, gender, and the creation of American Protestantism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Bendroth, Margaret Lamberts (1998). Men, Masculinity, and Urban Revivalism: J. Wilbur Chapman’s Boston Crusade, 1909. Journal of Presbyterian History, 75, 235–246.
Bergen, D. L. (1996). Twisted cross: the German Christian movement in the Third Reich. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Includes chapter: 4. The manly church.
Bergstrand, Goran. (1995). A Theological Approach to Masculinity and Equality. In Ministry of Health and Social Affairs (Equality Affairs Division), Sweden. (1995). Men on Men: Eight Swedish Men’s Personal Views on Equality, Masculinity and Parenthood, Sweden (trans. David Canter and Rebecka Charan)
Boisvert, D. (2000). Out on Holy Ground. Cleveland: Pilgrim.
Boyd, S. (1995). The Men We Long to Be. HarperSanFrancisco.
Boyd, Stephen B. (1993). On Listening and Speaking: Men, Masculinity, and Christianity. Journal of Men’s Studies, 1(4), May, pp. 323-345.
Boyd, Stephen. (1995). The Men We Long To Be: Beyond Domination to a New Christian Understanding of Manhood. HarperSanFrancisco.
Boyd, Stephen. (1995). The Men We Long To Be: Beyond Domination to a New Christian Understanding of Manhood. HarperSanFranscisco.
Bradstock, A. (Ed.) (2000). Masculinity and spirituality in Victorian culture. New York: St. Martin’s Press. Contents: Soldiers and saints: the fighting man and the Christian life / J.R. Watson —The (re)gendering of high Angli- canism / Lori M. Miller —Victorian masculinity and the Virgin Mary / Carol Marie Engelhardt — ‘Read- ing men more truly’: Charlotte Bronte’s Villette / Anne Hogan —Angry Yonge men: anger and masculinity in the novels of Charlotte M. Yonge / Catherine Wells–Cole —Aelred of Rievaulx, same–sex desire, and the Victorian monastery / Frederick S. Roden —Man apart: priesthood and homosexuality at the end of the nine- teenth century / Philip Healy —Male sexuality, religion, and the problem of action: John Addington Symonds on Arthur Hugh Clough / Howard J. Booth — ‘The mightiest evangel of the alpine club’: masculinity and agnosticism in the alpine writing of John Tyndall / Francis O’Gorman — ‘Slugs and snails and puppy dogs’ tails’? George Eliot, masculinity and the (ir)religion of nationalism / Neil McCaw —Ecce homo: represen- tations of Christ as the model of masculinity in Victorian art and lives of Jesus / Sean Gill — ‘Writing the male body’: sexual purity and masculinity in The Vanguard, 1884–94 / Sue Morgan —Soul–saving partnerships and pacifist soldiers: the ideal of masculinity in the Salvation Army / Laura Lauer — ‘A man of god is a manly man’: Spurgeon, Luther, and ‘holy boldness’ / Andrew Bradstock.
Brusco, Elizabeth (1993). The reformation of machismo: asceticism and masculinity among Columbian evangelicals. In Garrard–Burnett, V., & Stoll, D. (Ed.), Rethinking Protestantism in Latin America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Burrus, V. (2000). Begotten, not made: conceiving manhood in late antiquity. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.
Carden, Michael. (2005). Sodomy: A history of a Christian Biblical Myth.
Carmody, John. (1990). Toward a Male Spirituality. Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications.
Carroll, B. E. (Ed.) (2003). American masculinities: a historical encyclopedia. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Several entries on Christianity.
Carter, J.M. (1984). Muscular Christianity and its makers: sporting monks and churchmen in Anglo–Norman Society, 1000–1300, British journal of sports history,1(2), 109–124.
Casciaro, J. M. (1989). Masculinidad y feminidad en el mundo de la Biblia: estudios exegéticos para una teología bíblica del cuerpo y de la sexualidad de la persona humana. Publicaciones del Instituto de Ciencias para la Familia, 6. Pamplona: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra.
Chance, Kenneth Byrd. (2000). Confessions of a Closed Male: A Story of Spiritual Awakening. Rojaketaka Publications.
Cheney, C. (2000). Representin’ God: Masculinity and the Use of the Bible in Rap Music. In Wimbush, V. L., & Rodman, R. C. (Eds.). African Americans and the Bible: sacred texts and social textures. New York: Continuum, pp. 804–818.
Clark, J. Michael, with Bob McNeir. (1992). Masculine Socialization and Gay Liberation: A Conversation on the Work of James Nelson and Other Wise Friends, Las Colinas, TX: Liberal Press.
Clark, J. Michael. (1989). A Place to Start: Toward an Unapologetic Gay Liberation Theology. Dallas: Monument Press.
Clark, J. Michael. (1993). Beyond Our Ghettos: Gay Theology in Ecological Perspective. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.
Clark, J. Michael. (1994). (Em)Body(d) Theology: Exploring Ecology and Escahatology. Journal of Men’s Studies, 3(1), August, pp. 69-86.
Clark, J. Michael. (1994). The ‘Third Gender’: Implications for Men’s Studies and Eco-theology. Journal of Men’s Studies, 2(3), February, pp. 239-252.
Clark, J. Michael. (1995). Abuse Theodicy in Gay Theology Ethics. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(2), November, pp. 111-130.
Clark, J. Michael. (1995). Profeminist Men’s Studies and Gay Ethics. Journal of Men’s Studies, 3(3), February, pp. 241-255.
Clark, J. Michael. (1996). Phenomenology Prophecy, Victimization Transformation: Further Notes on Gay Ethics. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(3), February, pp. 263-279.
Claussen, D. S. (Ed.) (2000). The Promise Keepers: Essays on masculinity and Christianity. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. Contents: Contents: Keeping the promise of the moral majority? A historical/critical comparison of the Promise Keepers and the Christian Coalition, 1989–98 / Andrew Quicke and Karen Robinson —The reli- gious roots of the Promise Keepers / Michael J. Chrasta —Upstaging the Masons: the Promise Keepers and fraternal orders / Paul Rich and Guillermo de los Reyes —The price of admission? Promise Keepers’ roots in revivalism and the emergence of middle class language and appeal in men’s movements / Michael A. Longi- now —Are promises enough? Promise Keepers attitudes and character in intensive interviews / George N. Lundskow —Sacred male space: the Promise Keepers as a community of resistance / Don Deardorff —Prom- ise Keepers and the rhetoric of recruitment: the context, the persona, and the spectacle / Michael E. Eiden- muller —Identification and invitation as competing rhetorics in the Promise Keepers movement / Robert A. Stewart —Promising to be a man: promise keepers and the organizational constitution of masculinity / Robert A. Cole —Exodus and the chosen men of God: Promise Keepers and the theology of masculinity / David S. Gutterman —The Promise Keepers’use of sport in defining “Christlike”masculinity / Becky Beal —Onward broken soldiers: a rhetorical analysis of the Atlanta Promise Keepers clergy conference / John D. Suk —Ecumenical Promise Keepers: oxymoron or fidelity? / J. Lynn Reynolds and Rodney A. Reynolds — Reading a Promise Keepers event: the intersection of race and religion / Billy Hawkins —Keep the faith and go the distance: Promise Keepers, feminism, and world of sports / Randy Balmer —Building a social evan- gelical organization: the Lincoln bedroom or Oval Office model? / Bryan W. Brickner —The irresolvable ten- sion: Agape and masculinity in the Promise Keepers movement / Keven Healey —Silencing the voice of God: rhetorical responses to the Promise Keepers / Colleen E. Kelley —Liberated through submission?The gen- der politics of evangelical women’s groups modeled on the Promise Keepers / Tanya Erzen —Who are these guys? The Promise Keepers’ media relations strategy for “stand the gap”/ Ken Waters —They just don’t get it! Promise Keepers’responses to media coverage / L. Dean Allen II — “So far, news coverage of Promise Keep- ers has been more like advertising”: the strange case of Christian men and the print mass media / Dane S. Claussen —Will the promises be kept? / Robert D. Linder.
Clines, David J. A. (1998). Ecce Vir or, Gendering the Son of Man. In J. Cheryl Exum & Stephen D. Moore (Eds.), Biblical Studies/Cultural Studies: The Third Sheffield Colloquium(Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series, 266; Gender. Culture, Theory, 7; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), pp. 352–375.
Cohen, J. J., & Wheeler, B. (Eds.) (1997). Becoming male in the Middle Ages. New York: Garland Pub. Includes: Be- coming and unbecoming / Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler —Body doubles: producing the mas- culine Corpus / D. Vance Smith —Becoming Christian, becoming male? / Steven F. Kruger —Where the boys are: children and sex in the Anglo–Saxon penitentials / Allen J. Frantzen —Ironic intertextuality and the reader’s resistance to heroic masculinity in the Waltharius / David Townsend —Abelard and (re)writing the male body: castration, identity and remasculinization / Martin Irvine—Origenary fantasies: Abelard’s cas- tration and confession / Bonnie Wheeler —Abelard’s blissful castration / Yves Ferroul —eunuchs who keep the sabbath: becoming male and the ascetic ideal in the thirteenth–century Jewish mysticism / Elliot R. Wolf- son.
Cole, Edwin Louis. (year?). Maximized Manhood. Whitaker House.
Conway, Colleen (200). Behold the Man: Jesus and Greco–Roman Masculinity. Forthcoming from Oxford University Press.
Creed, D. B. (2001). Controversial narratives: Ambiguity and multiple interpretations of the rhetoric of masculinity in Promise Keepers’ discourse. Unpublished Ph.D., The University of Nebraska– Lincoln, United States— Nebraska.
Culbertson, Philip. (1992). The New Adam: The Future of Male Spirituality. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
Culbertson, Philip. (1993). Blessing Jacob’s Sons, Inheriting Family Myths. Sewanee Theological Review, Vol. 37 No. 1, Christmas, pp. 52-76.
Culbertson, Philip. (1993). Men Dreaming of Men: Using Mitch Walker’s ‘Double Animus’ in Pastoral Care. Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 86 No. 2, April, pp. 219-232.
Culbertson, Philip. (1996). Men, Myth, and Metanoia: Recent Works in Men’s Studies. Critical Review of Books in Religion, Atlanta: American Academy of Religion and Society of Biblical Literature, pp. 1-26.
Culbertson, Philip. (ed). (2001). The Spirituality of Men: Sixteen Christians Write About their Faith. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
PART ONE: SPIRITUALITY.
Mike Bathum. Men’s Spirituality: Discovering Creative Depth from Within.
Mark Muesse. Don’t Just Do Something, Sit There: Spiritual Practice and Men’s Wholeness.
Michael Battle. African Male Spirituality.
PART TWO: MENTAL HEALTH.
Stephen Boyd. ‘A Man was going down from Jerusalem…’: The Psychosocial Roots of Sin and Possibilities for Healing.
David Livingston. Responsible Forgiveness Within a Relational Church Community.
Donald Capps. Don Quixote as Moral Narcissist: Implications for Mid-Career Male Ministers.
PART THREE: RELATIONSHIPS.
James Newton Poling. Masculinity, Competitive Violence, and Christian Theology.
Merle Longwood. Allies in the Sexual Healing Journey: Reflections for Partners of Women Who Were Sexually Abused as Children.
Marvin Ellison. Setting the Captives Free: Same-Sex Domestic Violence and the Justice-Loving Church.
PART FOUR: THE PHYSICAL BODY.
Philip Culbertson. Designing Men: Reading Male Bodies as Texts.
Brett Webb-Mitchell. Disabled Bodies, Healing Bodies, Christ’s Body.
Jerrald Townsend and Robert Bennett. Can Men Learn to Float? Spirituality and Health Crises.
Robert Goss. The Integration of Sexuality and Spirituality: Gay Sexual Prophets Within the UFMCC.
PART FIVE: COMMUNITY.
Philip Culbertson. ‘The Things We Do!’: Nurturing the Authority of Men in Ministry.
Ed Thompson. Men’s Faith: The Effects of Pre- and Post-Retirement Masculinities.
Lee Butler. Xodus to the Promised Man: Revising our Anthropodicy.
Philip Culbertson. Conclusion.
Cullum, P. H., & Lewis, K. J. (Eds.) (2005). Holiness and masculinity in the Middle Ages. Toronto; Buffalo: Univer- sity of Toronto Press. Contents: Introduction: Holiness and masculinity in Medieval Europe / P.H. Cullum — Holiness and masculinity in Aldhelm’s Opus Geminatum De virginitate / Emma Pettit —Masculinizing re- ligious life: sexual prowess, the battle for chastity and monastic identity / Jacqueline Murray —Matronly monks: Theodoret of Cyrrhus’ sexual imagery in the Historia Religiosa / Christopher C. Craun —Bride or bridegroom? Masculine identity in mystic marriages / Carolyn Diskant Muir —Henry Suso and the divine knighthood / Meri Heinonen —Holy Eunuchs! Masculinity and eunuch saints in Byzantium / Shaun Tougher —The signification of the tonsure / Robert Mills —Christian sanctuary and repository of France’s political culture: the construction of holiness and masculinity at the Royal Abbey of Saint–Denis, 987–1328 / Dawn Marie Hayes —Self–mastery and submission: holiness and masculinity in the lives of Anglo–Saxon martyr–kings / Edward Christie —Edmund of East Anglia, Henry VI and ideals of kingly masculinity / Katherine J. Lewis —Monarchy, martyrdom and masculinity: England in the later Middle Ages / W.M. Orm- rod —Making youth holy: holiness and masculinity in The interlude of youth / Fiona S. Dunlop —The catholic gentlemen of the north: unreformed in the Age of Reformation? / Sarah L. Bastow.
Cuthbertson, Kenneth L. (1996). Coming Out/Conversion: An Exploration of Gay Religious Experience. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(3), February, pp. 193-207.
Dalbey, Gordon. (1992). Father and Son: The Wound, the Healing, the Call to Manhood. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
deLong, A. J. (2003). Chivalry and the crusades: Martial masculinity in post–crusade literature. Unpublished Ph.D., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States— North Carolina.
Di Nicola, G. P., & Danese, A. (Eds.) (1999). Il maschile e la teologia. Collana Teologia viva, 35. Bologna: EDB. Selection of papers by international scholars on the theme of the Trinity and gender for the 5th Convegno nazionale personalista, Bari and Andria, September 24– 27, 1998. Contents: Il maschile e la teologia / Giulia Paola Di Nicola & Attilio Danese —Cristocentrismo è andocentrismo? / Cettina Militello —Integrazione maschile e femminile nel Cristo / AlbertoValentini —Una Trinità al maschile? / Maria Clara—Linguaggio e analogia nellateologia trinitaria / Herni Rikhof —Persona e reciprocità nel modello trinitario / Cloe Taddei Ferretti.
Dirks, Patricia (2002). Reinventing Christian Masculinity and Fatherhood: The Canadian Protestant Experience, 1900–1920. In Christie, N. (Ed.). Households of faith: family, gender, and community in Canada, 1760–1969. McGill–Queen’s studies in the history of religion. Montreal: McGill–Queen’s University Press.
Dittes, James E. (1985). The Male Predicament: On Being a Male Today. San Francisco: Harper and Row.
Dittes, James E. (1987). When Work Goes Sour: A Male Perspective. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
Dittes, James E. (1996). Driven By Hope: Men & Meaning. Westminster: John Knox Press.
Dittes, James E. (1996). Men at Work: Life Beyond The Office. Westminster John Knox Press.
Doty, William G. (1993). Myths of Masculinity. New York: Crossroad.
Eilberg-Schwartz, Howard. (1994). God’s Phallus and other Problems for Men and Monotheism. Boston: Beacon Press.
Fasick, Laura. (1993). The Failure of Fatherhood: Maleness and Its Discontents in Charles Kingsley. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly,18(3), 106–111.
Focus on the Family. Seven Promises of a Promise Keeper.
Gallagher, S. K., & Wood, S. L. (2005). Godly Manhood Going Wild?: Transformations in Conservative Protestant Masculinity. Sociology of Religion, 66(2), 135–160.
Garnham, N. (2001). Both Praying And Playing: “Muscular Christianity”and the YMCA in North–eastCounty Durham. Journal of Social History, 35(2), 397–407.
Gay, Peter(1992). The Manliness of Christ. In R. W. Davis &R. J. Helmstadter (Eds.), Religion and Irreligion in Victorian Society: Essays in Honor of R. K. Webb. London&New York: Routledge, pp. 102–116.
Gelfer, Joseph. (2008). Identifying the Catholic men’s movement. The Journal of Men’s Studies, 16(1): 41(16).
Gerstenberger, E. (1988). Jahwe, ein patriarchaler Gott?: traditionelles Gottesbild und feministische Theologie.Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer.
Gill, Sean (1998). How muscular was Victorian Christianity? Thomas Hughes and the cult of Christian manliness reconsidered. Studies in Church History, 34, 421–430. [Gender and Christian religion: papers read at the 1996 Summer Meeting and the 1997 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society]
Gill, Sean (2000). Ecce Homo: representations of Christ as the model of masculinity in Victorian art and lives of Jesus. In Bradstock, Andrew (Ed.), Masculinity and spirituality in Victorian culture. Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp. 164–178.
Gillham, Preston H. (1999). Mantle of Masculinity. Harvest House Publishers.
Gorsline, Robin H., and Daniel T. Spencer. (1996). Putting our Bodies on the Line: Markers for Justice; Continuing the Conversation between Lesbians and Gay Men in Religion. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(3), February, pp. 291-309.
Goss, R. (2002). Queering Christ. Cleveland: Pilgrim.
Green, S. J. D. (1995). “Christian manliness” and the nonconformist tradition in West Yorkshire, c.1880–1920.
Gregg, S. H. (2001). “A truly Christian hero”: religion, effeminacy, and nation in the writings of the Societies for Reformation of Manners. Eighteenth–Century Life, 25,17–28.
Gregory, C. A. (1999). Revivalism, fundamentalism, and masculinity in the United States, 1880—1930. Unpublished Ph.D., University of Kentucky, United States— Kentucky.
Hall, D. E. (Ed.) (1994). Muscular Christianity: embodying the Victorian Age. Cambridge[England]; New York: Cambridge University Press. Contents: Introduction: muscular Christianity: reading and writing the male social body Donald E. Hall; Part I. Foundations of Muscular Christianity: 1. The volcano and the cathedral: muscu- lar Christianity and the origins of primal manliness / David Rosen; 2. On the making and unmaking of mon- sters: Christian socialism, muscular Christianity, and the metaphorization of class conflict / Donald E. Hall; 3. Christian manliness and national identity: the problematic construction of a racially ‘pure’ nation / C. J. W.– L. Wee; Part II: Varieties of Muscular Christianity: 4. Charles Kingsley’s scientific treatment of gender / Laura Fasick; 5. Young England: muscular Christianity and the politics of the body in Tom Brown’s Schooldays / Den- nis W. Allen; 6. Muscular spirituality in George MacDonald’s Curdie Books / John Pennington; 7. ‘Degener- ate effeminacy’ and the making of a masculine spirituality in the sermons of Ralph Waldo Emerson / Susan L. Roberson; Part III. Responses to Muscular Christianity: 8. The confidence man: empire and the decon- struction of muscular Christianity in The Mystery of Edwin Drood / David Faulkner; 9. The re–subjection of ‘Lucas Malet’: Charles Kingsley’s daughter and the response to muscular Christianity / Patricia Srebrnik; 10. Pater’s muscular aestheticism / James Eli Adams.
Hanson, P. (1978). Männliche Metaphern für Gott und die unterschiedliche Behandlung der Geschlechter im alten Testament. In Moltmann–Wendel, E. (Ed.). Frauenbefreiung Biblische und theologische Argumente. München: Kaiser, pp. 81–92.
Harrington, H. R. (1971). Muscular Christianity: a study of the development of a Victorian idea. Thesis (PhD.), Stanford University. (University Microfilms International, 1976)
Harrington, Henry R. (1977). Charles Kingsley’s Fallen Athlete. Victorian Studies, 21(1), 73–86.
Heuer, A. B. (1993). Effects of Family, Society, and the Church on Men’s Self-image and Their Spirituality: Approaching Ministries in Men. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Luther Northwestern theological Seminary, St. Paul, MN.
Hillerbrand, Hans J. (Ed.) (2004). The Encyclopedia of Protestantism. New York: Routledge. Entries include: Masculinity, Vol. 3, pp. 1175–1176.
Holloway, Richard. (ed). (1991). Who Needs Feminism? Male Responses to Sexism in the Church. London: SPC.
Horner, Tom. (1978). Jonathan Loved David: Homosexuality in Biblical Times. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
Hosgood, Christopher P. (2002). Negotiating lower–middle–class masculinity in Britain: the Leicester Young Men’s Christian Association, 1870–1914. Canadian Journal of History, 37(2), 253–273.
Hughes, T. (1880). The manliness of Christ. Boston: Houghton, Osgood & company.
James, David C. (1996). What Are They Saying About Masculine Spirituality?. New York: Paulist Press.
James, Dobson. (2000). Straight Talk To Men: Recovering the Biblical meaning of manhood. Word Publishing.
Journal of Men’s Studies. (2006). Vol. 14 Issue 3.
Gar E. Kellom and Aaron Raverty / Introduction: The Center for Men’s Leadership and Service at Saint John’s University (265-268).
Aaron Raverty / Are We Monks, or Are We Men? The Monastic Masculine Gender Model According to the Rule of Benedict (269-291).
Tracy Davis, Alvin Thomas, and Chris Sewalish / Exploring the Constructions of Masculine Identities among St. Lucian Men (292-310).
John R. Yoakam / Resources for Gay and Bisexual Students in a Catholic College (311-321).
Adam Beatty, Matthew Syzdek, and Alex Bakkum / The Saint John’s Experience Project: Challenging Men’s Perceptions of Normative Gender Role Conflict (322-336).
Judy, Dwight H. (1992). Healing the Male Soul: Christianity and the Mythic Journey. New York: Crossroad Publishing Company.
Kahl, Brigitte (2000). No Longer Male: Masculinity Struggles behind Galatians 3.28? Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 79, 37–49.
Kahl, Brigitte (2001). Gal 3,28 und das Streitfeld Maskulinität. In Claudia Janssen et al. (Eds.), Paulus. Umstrittene Traditionen – lebendige Theologie. Eine feministische Lektüre. Gütersloh, pp. 129–145.
Kidd, B. (2006). Muscular Christianity and value–centred sport: The Legacy of Tom Brown in Canada. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 23(5), 701–713. Also appears in MacAloon, J. J. (Ed.) (2007). Muscular Christianity and the colonial and post–colonial world. Sport in the global society. London: Routledge.
Klinger, E., Bohm, S., & Franz, T. (Eds.) (2002). Die zwei Geschlechter und der eine Gott. Wurzburg: Echter. Includes: Klein, S.: Das männliche Gottesbild und die Religiosität von Frauen und Männern (9–27) / Rizzuto, A.: One god, two genders: Psychoanalytic Reflections (29–45) / Görg, M.: Zweigeschlechtlichkeit bei ägyptischen Göttern (65–81)
Koehlinger, A. (2004). “Let us live for those who love us”: Faith, Family, and the Contours of Manhood Among the Knights of Columbus in Late Nineteenth–Century Connecticut. Journal of Social History, 38(2), 455–469.
Krondorfer, B. (1996). Male gender and religion. Introduction. In Krondorfer, B. (Ed.), Men’s bodies, men’s gods: male identities in a (post–) Christian culture. New York: New YorkUniversity Press.
Krondorfer, B. (2007). Men and Christianity. In Flood, Michael, Judith Kegan Gardiner, Bob Pease & Keith Pringle (Eds.) (2007). International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities. Routledge.
Krondorfer, Bjorn. (2004). Mel Gibson’s Alter Ego: A Male Passion for Violence. CrossCurrents, 54/1 (Spring): 16-21.
Krondorfer, Bjorn. (2007). Who’s Afraid of Gay Theology? Men’s Studies, Gay Scholars and Heterosexual Silence. Theology & Sexuality, 13/3: 257-274.Krondorfer, Bjorn. (ed). (1996). Men’s Bodies, Men’s Gods: Male Identities in a (Post-) Christian Culture. New York: New York University Press.
Contents: pt. 1. Male gender and religion. Introduction / Björn Krondorfer —Three arguments for the elimination of masculinity / Seth Mirsky —pt. 2. Male bodies and the construction of re- ligious identity. Growing up Christian and male: one man’s experience / Tom F. Driver —Black bodies, whose body? African American men in XODUS / Garth Baker–Fletcher —Empowerment: the construction of gay religious identities / Michael L. Stemmeler —pt. 3. Male sexual identity and the religious body. Bringing good news to the body: masturbation and male identity / Scott Haldeman —Facing the body on the cross: a gay man’s reflections on passion and crucifixion / Robin Hawley Gorsline —pt. 4. Male friendships. Men and Christian friendship / Philip L. Culbertson — “The manly love of comrades”: mythico–religious models for an athletics of male–male friendship / William G. Doty —pt. 5. Men’s bodies in contemporary culture and religion. The confines of male confessions: on religion, bodies, and mirrors / Björn Krondorfer —Can men worship? Reflections on male bodies in bad faith and a theology of authenticity / Lewis R. Gordon —The masculinity of jesus in popular religious art / David Morgan —Baring the flesh: aspects of contemporary male iconography / William G. Doty —pt. 6. Concluding overview. Epilogue / James B. Nelson.
Kuefler, M. (2001). The manly eunuch: masculinity, gender ambiguity, and Christian ideology in late antiquity.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Includes bibliography. [Kuefler, M. S. (1995). Eunuchs and other men: The crisis and transformation of masculinity in the later Roman west. Unpublished Ph.D., Yale University, United States— Connecticut]
Ladd, T., & Mathisen, J. A. (1999). Muscular Christianity: evangelical Protestants and the development of American sport. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books.
Levitt, Mairi. (2003). Where are the Men and Boys? The Gender Imbalance in the Church of England. Journal of Contemporary Religion, Volume 18, Number 1, January.
Lienesch, M. (1990). Anxious patriarchs: authority and the meaning of masculinity in Christian conservative social thought. Journal of American Culture,13, 47–55.
Loughlin, G. (1998). Refiguring Masculinity in Christ. In Hayes, M. A., Porter, W., & Tombs, D. (Eds.). Religion and sexuality. Studies in theology and sexuality, 2. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, pp. 405–414.
Lucas, Jeremy, Nortin Brendell, and Lori Rolleri. (2011). Engaging Boys and Men in Gender Transformation: A Spiritual Supplement for Facilitating the Men as Partners(R) Group Education Manual in Christian Settings. Namibia. URL: http://www.acquireproject.org/archive/files/7.0_engage_men_as_partners/7.2_resources/7.2.3_tools/Group_Education_Manual_final.pdf.
MacAloon, J. J. (Ed.) (2007). Muscular Christianity and the colonial and post–colonial world. Sport in the global society. London: Routledge.
Contents: Preface. John J. MacAloon, University of Chicago / 1. Introduction, Muscular Christianity after 150 Years. John J, MacAloon, The University of Chicago / 2. Muscular Christianity and Value Centred Sport, The Legacy of Tom Brown. Bruce Kidd, University of Toronto / 3. Muscular Christi- anity in Japan, The Growth of a Hybrid. Ikuo Abe, TsukubaUniversity / 4. From Trobriand Cricket to Rugby Nation, The Mission of Sport in Papua, New Guinea. Robert Foster, University of Rochester / 5. Yoga at the Fin–de–siècle, Muscular Christianity With a ‘hindu’ Twist. Joseph Alter, University of Pittsburgh / 6. Christ and the Imperial Playing Fields, Thomas Hughes’s Ideological Heirs in Empire. J.A. Mangan, De Montfort Uni- versity / 7. Tom Brown Goes Global, The “Brown Ethic”and Colonial and Post–colonial India. Boria Ma- jumdar, CalcuttaUniversity / 8. Baseball and Decolonization, The Caribbean, 1945–75. John Kelly, The University of Chicago / 9. The Muscular Christian Ethos in Post–second World War American Liberalism, Women in The Outward Bound 1962–1975. Matt Milikan, University of Chicago / 10. High Ropes and Hard Times, Wilderness and The Sublime in Adventure–based Education, Alex Dent, University of Chicago.
Macleod, D.I.(1983). Building character in the American boy: The Boy Scouts, YMCA, and their forerunners, 1870–1920. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Mateo-Seco, Lucas Francisco (1989). Masculinidad y feminidad en los padres griegos del siglo IV. In Viladrich, P. J., Ramos-Lissón, D., & Escrivá-Ivars, J. (Eds.). Masculinidad y feminidad en la patrística. Publicaciones del Instituto de Ciencias para la Familia, 7. Pamplona: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra, pp. 84–124.
McAdam, I. (2003). Protestant Manliness in Arden of Faversham. Texas Studies in Literature and Language, 45(1), 42–72.
McCabe, Linda. (1997). Liberation through Submission? The Promise Keepers. Feminista (online journal), http://www.feminista.com/v1n6/mccabe.html
McDannell, C. (1986). “True men as we need them”: Catholicism and the Irish–American male. American Studies,27, 19–36.
McDowell, A. D. (2017). Aggressive And Loving Men: Gender Hegemony in Christian Hardcore Punk. Gender & Society, 31(2), 223-244.
McFarlane, D. J. (1998). Following Jesus like a man. Thesis (D. Min.)–Pittsburgh Theological Seminary.
McNamara, Jo Ann (1999). Unresolved syllogism: the search for a Christian gender system. In Murray, J. (Ed.), Conflicted identities and multiple masculinities: men in the medieval West. New York: Garland.
Meade, Michael. (1993). Men and the Water of Life: Initiation and the Tempering of Men. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.
Milton, Ralph. (1993). Man to Man: Recovering the Best of the Male Tradition. Winfield BC Canada: Woodlake Books.
Moore, S. D. (1995). The Beatific Vision as a Posing Exhibition: Revelation’s Hypermasculine Deity. Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 60, 27–55.
Moore, S. D. (1996). God’s gym: divine male bodies of the Bible. New York: Routledge.
Moore, S. D., & Anderson, J. C. (Eds.) (2003). New Testament masculinities. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature. Includes: “O man, who art thou ...?”: masculinity studies and New Testament studies / Stephen D. Moore —Masculinity studies: a classified bibliography / Janice Capel Anderson, with the assistance of Stephen D. Moore and Seong Hee Kim —Jesus, gender, and the Gospel of Matthew / Jerome H. Neyrey —Matthew and masculinity / Janice Capel Anderson and Stephen D. Moore —Mark and masculinity: Jesus, the Son of Man, and the (sad) sum of manhood? / Tat–Siong Benny Liew —Looking for a few good men: Mark and masculinity / Eric Thurman — “Behold the man!”: masculine Christology and the Fourth Gospel / Colleen M. Conway —Paul, the invisible man / David J.A. Clines — “The disease of effemination”: the charge of ef- feminacy and the verdict of God (Romans 1:18–2:16) / Diana M. Swancutt —Protocols of masculinity in the pastoral Epistles / Jennifer A. Glancy — “Knowing how to preside over his own household”: imperial mas- culinity and Christian asceticism in the pastorals, hermas, and Luke–Acts / Mary Rose d’Angelo —Sexing the Lamb / Chris Frilingos —Ancient masculinities / Page Dubois —By whose gender standards (if any- body’s) was Jesus a real man? / Maud W. Gleason —Manhood and New Testament studies after September 11 / Jeffrey L. Staley.
Murphey, Cecil. (1991). Mantalk: Resources for Exploring Male Issues. Louisville, KY: Presbyterian Publishing House.
Nelson, James B. (1992). Body Theology. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press.
Newton Poling, J., C. Grundy, and H. Min. (2002). Men helping men to become pro-feminist. Journal of Religion & Abuse, 4(3): 107-122.
Odom, R. E. (2003). Understanding and developing biblical manhood. Thesis (D. Min.)—Reformed Theological Seminary.
Ofulue, N. I. (2005). Crafting Adams, chaperoning Eves: the rhetoric of biblical manhood and womanhood in American evangelical courtship books. Thesis (Ph. D.)—University of Georgia.
Owen-Towle, Tom. (1991). Brother-Spirit: Men Joining Together in the Quest for Intimacy and Ultimacy. San Diego: Bald Eagle Mountain Press.
Pable, Martin W. (1996). The Quest for the Male Soul: In Search of Something More..
Pable, Martin. (1988). A Man and His God. Ave Maria Press.
Page, S.-J. (2008). The Construction of Masculinities and Femininities in the Church of England: The Case of the Male Clergy Spouse. Feminist Theology, 17(1): 31-42.
Palmaert, A. d. (1994). Le sexe ignore:la condition masculine dans l’Eglise catholique. Pascal Thomas—Pratiques chrêtiennes, no. 7. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer.
Parker, M. (2007).The kingdom of character: the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 1886–1926. Pasadena, Calif: William Carey Library. Includes chapters: The masculinization of Christianity —Jesus and the development of manly character —Manliness and the business ethos.
Peterson, Kurt W. (2000). Muscular Christianity. In Tom Pendergast & Sara Pendergast (Eds.), St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Detroit: St. James Press. Vol. 3, pp. 456–8.
Pettegrew, J. H. (2006). Onward Christian soldiers: The transformation of religion, masculinity, and class in the Chicago YMCA, 1857—1933. Unpublished Ph.D., LoyolaUniversityChicago, United States— Illinois.
Podles, L. J. (1999). The church impotent: the feminization of Christianity. Dallas: Spence Pub.
Pryce, Mark (2003). Masculinity. In Leslie Houlden (Ed.), Jesus in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif:. ABC-CLIO, pp. 604–7.
Pryce, Mark. (1996). Finding a Voice: Men, and the Community of the Church. London: SCM Press.
Putney, Clifford. (2001). Muscular Christianity: Manhood and Sports in Protestant America, 1880-1920. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Putney, Clifford. (2003). Muscular Christianity. In Kimmel, Michael & Amy Aronson (Eds.), Men and Masculinities: A social, cultural, and historical encyclopedia.Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio Press, pp. 557–8.
Raurell, F. (1989). Der Mythos vom männlichen Gott. Freiburg im Breisgau u.a: Herder.
Redmond, Gerald (1978). The First Tom Brown’s Schooldays: Origins and Evolution of “Muscular Christianity”in Children’s Literature, 1762–1857. Quest, 30, 4–11.
Redmond, Gerald. (1981). Before Hughes and Kingsley: The Origins and Evolution of ‘Muscular Christianity’ in English Children’s Literature. In Sporting Fictions: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Birmingham, pp. 8–35.
Rees, G. (2002). ‘In the Sight of God’: Gender Complementarity and the Male Homosocial Signification of Male–Female Marriage. Theology & Sexuality, 9(1), 19–47.
Richards, J. (1999). From Christianity to Paganism: The New Middle Ages and the Values of ‘Medieval’ Masculinity. Cultural Values, 3(2), 213–234.
Roberts, R. H. (2000). Man/masculinity. In Hastings, A. (Ed.), The Oxford companion to Christian thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 404-6.
Romero, R. T. (2004). Making war and minting Christians: Masculinity, religion, and colonialism in early New England. Unpublished Ph.D., Boston College, United States— Massachusetts.
Roscoe, Will( ed). (1988). Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology. New York: St. Martin’s Press (Stonewall Inn Editions).
Roussel, J.F. (2000). Recourse to Experience in Theologies of Masculinity. [French] Laval Theologique et Philosophique. 56(1):47-64, Feb..
Sanford, J. (1981) The Man Who Wrestled with God. New York: Paulist.
Sawyer, Deborah F. (2005). Biblical gender strategies: the case of Abraham’s masculinity. In Beattie, T., & King, U. (Eds.). Gender, religion and diversity: cross–cultural perspectives. London: Continuum.
Saxe, J. (2005). Torah Testoterone and tears: masculinity and emotion in the Bible. Thesis (RAB)—Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion, BrookdaleCenter.
Setran, David (2001). Muscular Christianity. In Clement, Priscilla Ferguson & Reinier, Jacqueline S. (Eds.), Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC–CLIO, pp. 454-9.
Shanklin, Stephen L. et al. (1998). The Book of Prayers: A Man’s Guide to Reaching God. St Martins Press.
Smalley, Gary, and John Trent. (year?). The Hidden Value of a Man. Word Books in Association with Focus on the Family Publishing.
Sotiriu, E. (2004). Contested Masculine Spaces in Greek Orthodoxy. Social Compass, 51(4), 499–510.
Springhall, John (1987). Building character in the British boy: the attempt to extend Christian manliness to working–class adolescents, 1880 to 1914. In Mangan, J. A., & Walvin, J. (Eds.). Manliness and morality: middle–class masculinity in Britain and America, 1800–1940. Manchester [Greater Manchester]: ManchesterUniversity Press.
Staley, J. (2003). Manhood and New Testament Studies after September 11. In Moore, S. and Anderson, J. (eds.). New Testament Masculinities, Atlanta: SBL, pp.329-35.
Stepnick, A. (1999). Making godly men: The social construction of masculinities in Promise Keepers. Unpublished Ph.D., Florida State University.
Sun, R. C. (2004). “Hammer Blows”: Work, the Workplace, and the Culture of Masculinity among Catholic Workers in the Weimar Republic. Central European History, 37(2), 245–271.
Tozer, Malcolm (1985). Charles Kingsley and the ‘muscular Christian’ideal of manliness. Physical Education Review, 8(1), 35–40.
Tozer, Malcolm(1989). Thomas Hughes: ‘Tom Brown’ versus ‘True Manliness’. Physical Education Review, 12(1), 44–48.
Troughton, G. M. (2006). Jesus and the ideal of the manly man in New Zealand after world war one. Journal of Religious History, 30(1), 45–60.
Van Leeuwen, Mary Stewart (1997). Weeping Warriors: The Changing Message of Manly Religion. Books and Culture: A Christian Review, 3(6), 9–11.
Vance, Norman(1975). Kingsley’s Christian Manliness. Theology, 78(655), 30–38.
Vance, Norman(1985). The sinews of the Spirit: The ideal of Christian manliness in Victorian literature and religious thought. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press.
Vandenberg–Daves, J. (1992). The manly pursuit of a partnership between the sexes: the debate over YMCA programs for women and girls, 1914–1933. Journal of American History, 78(4), 1324–46.
Viladrich, P. J., Ramos–Lissón, D., & Escrivá–Ivars, J. (Eds.) (1989). Masculinidad y feminidad en la patrística. Publicaciones del Instituto de Ciencias para la Familia, 7. Pamplona: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra.
Völger, G., & Welck, K. v.(Eds.) (1990). Männerbande, Männerbünde: zur Rolle des Mannes im Kulturvergleich. Köln: Rautenstrauch–Joest–Museum. Vol. 1. [contains 7 contributions to the subject of ‘Christentum und Judentum’]
Walker, Pamela J. (1991). ‘I live but not yet I for Christ liveth in me’: men and masculinity in the Salvation Army, 1865–90. In Roper, Michael, & Tosh, John (Eds.). Manful assertions: masculinities in Britain since 1800. London; New York: Routledge.
Ward, Elijah G. (2005). Homophobia, hypermasculinity and the US black church. Culture, Health & Sexuality, Volume 7, Number 5, Sept., pp. 493 – 504.
Watson, N., Weir, S., & Friend, S. (2005). The development of Muscular Christianity in Victorian Britain and beyond. Journal of Religion and Society, 7. [online at http://moses.creighton.edu/jrs/2005/2005–2.html]
Weber, Stu. (2002). The Heart of a Tender Warrior: Becoming a Man of Purpose. Multnomah.
Weidhorn, M. (1995). Styles of manliness in antiquity and in Gibbon. The Midwest Quarterly,36, 136–150.
Welch, Don. (1985). Macho Isn’t Enough: Family Man in a Liberated World. Atlanta: John Knox Press.
Werner, Yvonne Maria. (ed.). (2011). Christian Masculinity: Men and Religion in Northern Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Leuven University Press (KADOC-Studies on Religion, Culture and Society).
Wilde, C. (2004). Acts of Faith: Muscular Christianity and Masculinity among the Gogodala of Papua New Guinea. Oceania, 75(1), 32–68.
Williams, N. H. (1999). The maleness of Christ: revelational or cultural? Thesis (D. Th.)—University of South Africa.
Wilson, Douglas. (2001). Pastors’ Perspective. Pastoring Masculinity. IN: Sproul, R. C. (ed.). Family Practice: God’s Prescription for a Healthy Home. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Pub.
Winn, William E. (1960). Tom Brown’s Schooldays and the Development of Muscular Christianity.Church History, 29(1), 64–73.
Winter, Thomas (2002). Making men, making class: the YMCA and workingmen, 1877–1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Contents: 1. The YMCA, Gender, Class, and Social Change, 1877–1920: An Introduction / 2. “A Zeal for Religious Work and an Open Door of Opportunity”: YMCA Secretaries and Nineteenth– Century Ideals of Manhood / 3. “We Have Only to Step in and Occupy the Land”: The YMCA, Labor Con- flict, and the Rise of Welfare Capitalism / 4. “To Aid in the Upbuilding of Character”: The YMCA, Welfare Capitalism, and a Language of Manhood / 5. “A Most Effective Ally in the Work of Labor Advancement”: Workingmen and the YMCA / 6. “None of Your Milk–and–Water Sops, Flabby–Handed and Mealy–Mouthed, for Dealing with Such Men”: The YMCA, the Secretaryship, and Professionalization / 7. Personality, Charac- ter, and Self–Expression: The YMCA and a Language of Manhood and Class / Conclusion.
Winter, Thomas (2003). Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA). In Kimmel, Michael & Amy Aronson (Eds.), Men and Masculinities: A social, cultural, and historical encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio Press, pp. 846-9.
Wren, Brian A. (1989). What Language Shall I Borrow? God-Talk in Worship: A Male Response to Feminist Theology. New York: Crossroad.