d) Theology, Christianity and men

Note: For references on the Promise Keepers, see the section on these under “Men’s Movements, groups and services”.

Abe, I. (2006). Muscular Christianity in Japan: The growth of a hybrid. The International Journal of the History of Sport. 23(5), 714–738. Also appears in MacAloon, J. J. (Ed.) (2007). Muscular Christianity and the colonial and post–colonial world. Sport in the global society. London: Routledge.

AIEMPR (Association), Domínguez, C., & Briones Gómez, R. (2003). XVI Congreso Internacional Género y Religión: masculino–femenino y hecho religioso. Granada: Universidad de Granada.

Alderson, David (1998). Mansex fine: religion, manliness and imperialism in nineteenth–century British culture. Manchester, England; New York: ManchesterUniversity Press. Contents: Introduction / 1. Manly freedom / 2. An anatomy of England: Alton Locke, Christian manliness and the games ethic / 3. Out of unreality: J. H. Newman / 4. Hysteric Celts / 5. The wreck of an English subject: Gerard Manley Hopkins / 6. Hopkins, body and sexuality / 7. Buggering Gerald: Wilde and English virtue / Conclusion.

Alderson, David(1996). An Anatomy of the British Polity: Alton Locke and Christian Manliness. In Ruth Robbins, & Julian Wolfreys (Eds.), Victorian Identities: Social and Cultural Formations in Nineteenth–Century Literature (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, pp. 43–61.

Alter, J. S. (2004). Indian Clubs and Colonialism: Hindu Masculinity and Muscular Christianity. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 46(3), 497–534.

Armato, Michael, and William Marsiglio. (2002). Self-Structure, Identity, and Commitment: Promise Keepers’ Godly Man Project. Symbolic Interaction, 25(1), 41-65.

Arthur, E. D. (2003). Muscular Christianity: manhood and sports in Protestant America 1880–1920. Journal of American studies, 37(2), 354.

Ash, J. F. (2000). “Holy virility”: Masquerading masculinity in the autobiographical texts of Augustine of Hippo and Henry Suso. Unpublished Ph.D., Northwestern University, United States— Illinois.

Azkoul, M. (2007). Order of creation, order of redemption: the ordination of women in the Orthodox Church. Rollinsford, N.H.: Orthodox Research Institute. Includes chapters: The holy Fathers —The “masculinity” of God—The male Christ —The male priesthood.

Baker-Fletcher, Garth Kasimu. (1995). XODUS: An African-American Male Journey. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Baker-Fletcher, Garth Kasimu. (1998). Black Religion after the Million Man March. Maryknoll: Orbis.

Bartkowski, J. (2004). The Promise Keepers. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP.

Bartkowski, John (2001). Remaking the Godly Marriage: Gender Negotiation in Evangelical Families. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Beal, B. (1997). The Promise Keepers’ use of sport in defining “Christlike”masculinity. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 21(3), 274–284.

Bederman, Gail (1989). “The Women Have Had Charge of the Church Work Long Enough”: The Men and Religion Forward Movement of 1911–1912 and the Masculinization of Middle–Class Protestantism. American Quarterly, 41(3), 432–65. Also appears in Juster, S., & MacFarlane, L. (Eds.) (1996). A mighty baptism: race, gender, and the creation of American Protestantism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Bendroth, Margaret Lamberts (1998). Men, Masculinity, and Urban Revivalism: J. Wilbur Chapman’s Boston Crusade, 1909. Journal of Presbyterian History, 75, 235–246.

Bergen, D. L. (1996). Twisted cross: the German Christian movement in the Third Reich. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Includes chapter: 4. The manly church.

Bitel, L. M., & Lifshitz, F. (Eds.) (2007). Gender and Christianity in medieval Europe: new perspectives. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Press. Contents: Contents: Convent ruins and Christian profession: toward a methodology for the history of religion and gender / Lisa Bitel —Tertullian, the angelic life, and the bride of Christ / Dyan Elliot —Flesh, two sexes, three genders? / Jacqueline Murray —Thomas Aquinas’s chastity belt: clerical masculinity in medieval Europe / Ruth Mazo Karras —Women’s monasteries and sacred space: the promotion of saints’cults and miracles / Jane Tibbetts Schulenberg —Priestly women, virginal men: lita- nies and their discontents / Felice Lifshitz.

Boisvert, D. (2000). Out on Holy Ground. Cleveland: Pilgrim.

Borresen, Kari Elisabeth. (ed). (1995). The Image of God: Gender Models in Judaeo-Christian Tradition. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Boswell, John. (1980). Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.

Boyd, S. (1995). The Men We Long to Be. HarperSanFrancisco.

Boyd, S. B., Longwood, W. M., & Muesse, M. W. (Eds.) (1996). Redeeming men: religion and masculinities.Louisville, Ky: Westminster John Knox Press. Contents: Fear and power in the lives of men / Steve Smith —Masculin- ity and male dominance: Martin Luther on the punishment of Adam / Stephen B. Boyd —God’s phallus and the dilemmas of masculinity / Howard Eilberg–Schwartz —Christian piety and the legacy of medieval mas- culinity / Ulrike Wiethaus —Malcolm X’s religious pilgrimage: from black separatism to a universal way / Fareed Munir —Is it manly to be Christian? The debate in Victorian and modern America / Evelyn A. Kirkley —Religious machismo: masculinity and fundamentalism / Mark W. Muesse —Policing gender: moral purity movements in pre–Nazi Germany and contemporary America / John C. Fout —The accommodating other: masculinity and the construction of feminine identity / Merlyn E. Mowrey —Defending their peo- ple and their faith: native American men and the construction of masculinity / Christopher Ronwaniente Jocks —Of mice and supermen: images of Jewish masculinity / Harry Brod — “I took it like a man”: survival and hope among poor men / Timothy Nonn —Re–membering John the Baptist / Mikeal C. Parsons —Initia- tion and the male spiritual quest / Robert Moore and Douglas Gillette —Men and the promise of goddess spirituality: reflections along the way / Seth Mirsky —The thunder of new wings: AIDS—a journey beyond belief / William F. Brantley —Magnificent manhood: the transcendent witness of Howard Thurman / Alton B. Pollard, III —Changing views of fathering and fatherhood: a Christian ethical perspective / W. Merle Longwood —Gay men, masculinity, and an ethic of friendship / J. Michael Clark —Men whose lives I trust, almost / Carter Heyward —Male sexuality and the fragile planet: a theological reflection / James B. Nelson

Boyd, Stephen B. (1993). On Listening and Speaking: Men, Masculinity, and Christianity. Journal of Men’s Studies, 1(4), May, pp. 323-345.

Boyd, Stephen, W. Longwood, and M. Muesse. (1996). Redeeming Men: Religion & Masculinities. Westminster: John Knox Press.

Boyd, Stephen. (1995). The Men We Long To Be: Beyond Domination to a New Christian Understanding of Manhood. HarperSanFranscisco.

Bradstock, A. (Ed.) (2000). Masculinity and spirituality in Victorian culture. New York: St. Martin’s Press. Contents: Soldiers and saints: the fighting man and the Christian life / J.R. Watson —The (re)gendering of high Angli- canism / Lori M. Miller —Victorian masculinity and the Virgin Mary / Carol Marie Engelhardt — ‘Read- ing men more truly’: Charlotte Bronte’s Villette / Anne Hogan —Angry Yonge men: anger and masculinity in the novels of Charlotte M. Yonge / Catherine Wells–Cole —Aelred of Rievaulx, same–sex desire, and the Victorian monastery / Frederick S. Roden —Man apart: priesthood and homosexuality at the end of the nine- teenth century / Philip Healy —Male sexuality, religion, and the problem of action: John Addington Symonds on Arthur Hugh Clough / Howard J. Booth — ‘The mightiest evangel of the alpine club’: masculinity and agnosticism in the alpine writing of John Tyndall / Francis O’Gorman — ‘Slugs and snails and puppy dogs’ tails’? George Eliot, masculinity and the (ir)religion of nationalism / Neil McCaw —Ecce homo: represen- tations of Christ as the model of masculinity in Victorian art and lives of Jesus / Sean Gill — ‘Writing the male body’: sexual purity and masculinity in The Vanguard, 1884–94 / Sue Morgan —Soul–saving partnerships and pacifist soldiers: the ideal of masculinity in the Salvation Army / Laura Lauer — ‘A man of god is a manly man’: Spurgeon, Luther, and ‘holy boldness’ / Andrew Bradstock.

Brown, Joanne Carlson, and Carole R. Bohn. (eds.). (1989). Christianity, Patriarchy and Abuse: A Feminist Critique. New York: Pilgrim Press.

Brusco, Elizabeth (1993). The reformation of machismo: asceticism and masculinity among Columbian evangelicals. In Garrard–Burnett, V., & Stoll, D. (Ed.), Rethinking Protestantism in Latin America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Burrus, V. (2000). Begotten, not made: conceiving manhood in late antiquity. Stanford, Calif: StanfordUniversity Press.

Carden, Michael. (2005). Sodomy: A history of a Christian Biblical Myth.

Carmody, John. (1990). Toward a Male Spirituality. Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications.

Carroll, B. E. (Ed.) (2003). American masculinities: a historical encyclopedia. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Several entries on Christianity.

Carter, J.M. (1984). Muscular Christianity and its makers: sporting monks and churchmen in Anglo–Norman Society, 1000–1300, British journal of sports history,1(2), 109–124.

Casciaro, J. M. (1989). Masculinidad y feminidad en el mundo de la Biblia: estudios exegéticos para una teología bíblica del cuerpo y de la sexualidad de la persona humana. Publicaciones del Instituto de Ciencias para la Familia, 6. Pamplona: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra.

Chance, Kenneth Byrd. (2000). Confessions of a Closed Male: A Story of Spiritual Awakening. Rojaketaka Publications.

Cheney, C. (2000). Representin’ God: Masculinity and the Use of the Bible in Rap Music. In Wimbush, V. L., & Rodman, R. C. (Eds.). African Americans and the Bible: sacred texts and social textures. New York: Continuum, pp. 804–818.

Clark, J. Michael, with Bob McNeir. (1992). Masculine Socialization and Gay Liberation: A Conversation on the Work of James Nelson and Other Wise Friends, Las Colinas, TX: Liberal Press.

Clark, J. Michael. (1989). A Place to Start: Toward an Unapologetic Gay Liberation Theology. Dallas: Monument Press.

Clark, J. Michael. (1993). Beyond Our Ghettos: Gay Theology in Ecological Perspective. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.

Clark, J. Michael. (1994). (Em)Body(d) Theology: Exploring Ecology and Escahatology. Journal of Men’s Studies, 3(1), August, pp. 69-86.

Clark, J. Michael. (1994). The ‘Third Gender’: Implications for Men’s Studies and Eco-theology. Journal of Men’s Studies, 2(3), February, pp. 239-252.

Clark, J. Michael. (1995). Abuse Theodicy in Gay Theology Ethics. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(2), November, pp. 111-130.

Clark, J. Michael. (1995). Profeminist Men’s Studies and Gay Ethics. Journal of Men’s Studies, 3(3), February, pp. 241-255.

Clark, J. Michael. (1996). Phenomenology Prophecy, Victimization Transformation: Further Notes on Gay Ethics. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(3), February, pp. 263-279.

Claussen, D. S. (Ed.) (2000).The Promise Keepers: Essays on masculinity and Christianity. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. Contents: Contents: Keeping the promise of the moral majority? A historical/critical comparison of the Promise Keepers and the Christian Coalition, 1989–98 / Andrew Quicke and Karen Robinson —The reli- gious roots of the Promise Keepers / Michael J. Chrasta —Upstaging the Masons: the Promise Keepers and fraternal orders / Paul Rich and Guillermo de los Reyes —The price of admission? Promise Keepers’ roots in revivalism and the emergence of middle class language and appeal in men’s movements / Michael A. Longi- now —Are promises enough? Promise Keepers attitudes and character in intensive interviews / George N. Lundskow —Sacred male space: the Promise Keepers as a community of resistance / Don Deardorff —Prom- ise Keepers and the rhetoric of recruitment: the context, the persona, and the spectacle / Michael E. Eiden- muller —Identification and invitation as competing rhetorics in the Promise Keepers movement / Robert A. Stewart —Promising to be a man: promise keepers and the organizational constitution of masculinity / Robert A. Cole —Exodus and the chosen men of God: Promise Keepers and the theology of masculinity / David S. Gutterman —The Promise Keepers’use of sport in defining “Christlike”masculinity / Becky Beal —Onward broken soldiers: a rhetorical analysis of the Atlanta Promise Keepers clergy conference / John D. Suk —Ecumenical Promise Keepers: oxymoron or fidelity? / J. Lynn Reynolds and Rodney A. Reynolds — Reading a Promise Keepers event: the intersection of race and religion / Billy Hawkins —Keep the faith and go the distance: Promise Keepers, feminism, and world of sports / Randy Balmer —Building a social evan- gelical organization: the Lincoln bedroom or Oval Office model? / Bryan W. Brickner —The irresolvable ten- sion: Agape and masculinity in the Promise Keepers movement / Keven Healey —Silencing the voice of God: rhetorical responses to the Promise Keepers / Colleen E. Kelley —Liberated through submission?The gen- der politics of evangelical women’s groups modeled on the Promise Keepers / Tanya Erzen —Who are these guys? The Promise Keepers’ media relations strategy for “stand the gap”/ Ken Waters —They just don’t get it! Promise Keepers’responses to media coverage / L. Dean Allen II — “So far, news coverage of Promise Keep- ers has been more like advertising”: the strange case of Christian men and the print mass media / Dane S. Claussen —Will the promises be kept? / Robert D. Linder.

Clines, David J. A. (1998). Ecce Vir or, Gendering the Son of Man. In J. Cheryl Exum & Stephen D. Moore (Eds.), Biblical Studies/Cultural Studies: The Third Sheffield Colloquium(Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series, 266; Gender. Culture, Theory, 7; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), pp. 352–375.

Clines, David J. A. (199X). Play the Man! The Masculine Imperative in the Bible. Book in preparation, tentative title.

Cohen, J. J., & Wheeler, B. (Eds.) (1997). Becoming male in the Middle Ages. New York: Garland Pub. Includes: Be- coming and unbecoming / Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler —Body doubles: producing the mas- culine Corpus / D. Vance Smith —Becoming Christian, becoming male? / Steven F. Kruger —Where the boys are: children and sex in the Anglo–Saxon penitentials / Allen J. Frantzen —Ironic intertextuality and the reader’s resistance to heroic masculinity in the Waltharius / David Townsend —Abelard and (re)writing the male body: castration, identity and remasculinization / Martin Irvine—Origenary fantasies: Abelard’s cas- tration and confession / Bonnie Wheeler —Abelard’s blissful castration / Yves Ferroul —eunuchs who keep the sabbath: becoming male and the ascetic ideal in the thirteenth–century Jewish mysticism / Elliot R. Wolf- son.

Cole, Edwin Louis. Maximized Manhood. Whitaker House.

Comstock, Gary David. (1993). Gay Theology Without Apology. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.

Conway, Colleen (200[8]). Behold the Man: Jesus and Greco–Roman Masculinity. Forthcoming from Oxford University Press.

Creed, D. B. (2001). Controversial narratives: Ambiguity and multiple interpretations of the rhetoric of masculinity in Promise Keepers’ discourse. Unpublished Ph.D., The University of Nebraska– Lincoln, United States— Nebraska.

Culbertson, Philip. (1992). The New Adam: The Future of Male Spirituality. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Culbertson, Philip. (1993). Blessing Jacob’s Sons, Inheriting Family Myths. Sewanee Theological Review, Vol. 37 No. 1, Christmas, pp. 52-76.

Culbertson, Philip. (1993). Men Dreaming of Men: Using Mitch Walker’s ‘Double Animus’ in Pastoral Care. Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 86 No. 2, April, pp. 219-232.

Culbertson, Philip. (1994). Counseling Men. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Culbertson, Philip. (1996). Men, Myth, and Metanoia: Recent Works in Men’s Studies. Critical Review of Books in Religion, Atlanta: American Academy of Religion and Society of Biblical Literature, pp. 1-26.

Culbertson, Philip. (ed). (2001). The Spirituality of Men: Sixteen Christians Write About their Faith. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
Includes;
PART ONE: SPIRITUALITY.
Mike Bathum. Men’s Spirituality: Discovering Creative Depth from Within.
Mark Muesse. Don’t Just Do Something, Sit There: Spiritual Practice and Men’s Wholeness.
Michael Battle. African Male Spirituality.
PART TWO: MENTAL HEALTH.
Stephen Boyd. ‘A Man was going down from Jerusalem…’: The Psychosocial Roots of Sin and Possibilities for Healing.
David Livingston. Responsible Forgiveness Within a Relational Church Community.
Donald Capps. Don Quixote as Moral Narcissist: Implications for Mid-Career Male Ministers.
PART THREE: RELATIONSHIPS.
James Newton Poling. Masculinity, Competitive Violence, and Christian Theology.
Merle Longwood. Allies in the Sexual Healing Journey: Reflections for Partners of Women Who Were Sexually Abused as Children.
Marvin Ellison. Setting the Captives Free: Same-Sex Domestic Violence and the Justice-Loving Church.
PART FOUR: THE PHYSICAL BODY.
Philip Culbertson. Designing Men: Reading Male Bodies as Texts.
Brett Webb-Mitchell. Disabled Bodies, Healing Bodies, Christ’s Body.
Jerrald Townsend and Robert Bennett. Can Men Learn to Float? Spirituality and Health Crises.
Robert Goss. The Integration of Sexuality and Spirituality: Gay Sexual Prophets Within the UFMCC.
PART FIVE: COMMUNITY.
Philip Culbertson. ‘The Things We Do!’: Nurturing the Authority of Men in Ministry.
Ed Thompson. Men’s Faith: The Effects of Pre- and Post-Retirement Masculinities.
Lee Butler. Xodus to the Promised Man: Revising our Anthropodicy.
Philip Culbertson. Conclusion.

Cullum, P. H., & Lewis, K. J. (Eds.) (2005). Holiness and masculinity in the Middle Ages. Toronto; Buffalo: Univer- sity of Toronto Press. Contents: Introduction: Holiness and masculinity in Medieval Europe / P.H. Cullum — Holiness and masculinity in Aldhelm’s Opus Geminatum De virginitate / Emma Pettit —Masculinizing re- ligious life: sexual prowess, the battle for chastity and monastic identity / Jacqueline Murray —Matronly monks: Theodoret of Cyrrhus’ sexual imagery in the Historia Religiosa / Christopher C. Craun —Bride or bridegroom? Masculine identity in mystic marriages / Carolyn Diskant Muir —Henry Suso and the divine knighthood / Meri Heinonen —Holy Eunuchs! Masculinity and eunuch saints in Byzantium / Shaun Tougher —The signification of the tonsure / Robert Mills —Christian sanctuary and repository of France’s political culture: the construction of holiness and masculinity at the Royal Abbey of Saint–Denis, 987–1328 / Dawn Marie Hayes —Self–mastery and submission: holiness and masculinity in the lives of Anglo–Saxon martyr–kings / Edward Christie —Edmund of East Anglia, Henry VI and ideals of kingly masculinity / Katherine J. Lewis —Monarchy, martyrdom and masculinity: England in the later Middle Ages / W.M. Orm- rod —Making youth holy: holiness and masculinity in The interlude of youth / Fiona S. Dunlop —The catholic gentlemen of the north: unreformed in the Age of Reformation? / Sarah L. Bastow.

Cuthbertson, Kenneth L. (1996). Coming Out/Conversion: An Exploration of Gay Religious Experience. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(3), February, pp. 193-207.

Dalbey, Gordon. (1992). Father and Son: The Wound, the Healing, the Call to Manhood. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

deLong, A. J. (2003). Chivalry and the crusades: Martial masculinity in post–crusade literature. Unpublished Ph.D., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States— North Carolina.

Di Nicola, G. P., & Danese, A. (Eds.) (1999). Il maschile e la teologia. Collana Teologia viva, 35. Bologna: EDB. Selection of papers by international scholars on the theme of the Trinity and gender for the 5th Convegno nazionale personalista, Bari and Andria, September 24– 27, 1998. Contents: Il maschile e la teologia / Giulia Paola Di Nicola & Attilio Danese —Cristocentrismo è andocentrismo? / Cettina Militello —Integrazione maschile e femminile nel Cristo / AlbertoValentini —Una Trinità al maschile? / Maria Clara—Linguaggio e analogia nellateologia trinitaria / Herni Rikhof —Persona e reciprocità nel modello trinitario / Cloe Taddei Ferretti.

Dirks, Patricia (2002). Reinventing Christian Masculinity and Fatherhood: The Canadian Protestant Experience, 1900–1920. In Christie, N. (Ed.). Households of faith: family, gender, and community in Canada, 1760–1969. McGill–Queen’s studies in the history of religion. Montreal: McGill–Queen’s University Press.

Dittes, James E. (1985). The Male Predicament: On Being a Male Today. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

Dittes, James E. (1987). When Work Goes Sour: A Male Perspective. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.

Dittes, James E. (1996). Driven By Hope: Men & Meaning. Westminster: John Knox Press.

Dittes, James E. (1996). Men at Work: Life Beyond The Office. Westminster John Knox Press.

Doty, William G. (1993). Myths of Masculinity. New York: Crossroad.

Eilberg-Schwartz, Howard. (1994). God’s Phallus and other Problems for Men and Monotheism. Boston: Beacon Press.

Fasick, Laura. (1993).“The Failure of Fatherhood: Maleness and Its Discontents in Charles Kingsley,”Children’s Literature Association Quarterly,18(3), 106–111.

Focus on the Family. Seven Promises of a Promise Keeper.

Fortunato, John E. (1982). Embracing the Exile: Healing Journeys of Gay Christians. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

Gallagher, S. K., & Wood, S. L. (2005). Godly Manhood Going Wild?: Transformations in Conservative Protestant Masculinity. Sociology of Religion, 66(2), 135–160.

Garnham, N. (2001). Both Praying And Playing: “Muscular Christianity”and the YMCA in North–eastCounty Durham. Journal of Social History, 35(2), 397–407.

Gay, Peter(1992). The Manliness of Christ. In R. W. Davis &R. J. Helmstadter (Eds.), Religion and Irreligion in Victorian Society: Essays in Honor of R. K. Webb. London&New York: Routledge, pp. 102–116.

Gerstenberger, E. (1988). Jahwe, ein patriarchaler Gott?: traditionelles Gottesbild und feministische Theologie.Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer.

Gill, Sean (1998). How muscular was Victorian Christianity? Thomas Hughes and the cult of Christian manliness reconsidered. Studies in Church History, 34, 421–430. [Gender and Christian religion: papers read at the 1996 Summer Meeting and the 1997 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society]

Gill, Sean (2000). Ecce Homo: representations of Christ as the model of masculinity in Victorian art and lives of Jesus. In Bradstock, Andrew (Ed.), Masculinity and spirituality in Victorian culture. Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp. 164–178.

Gillham, Preston H. (1999). Mantle of Masculinity. Harvest House Publishers.

Glaser, Chris. (1988). Uncommon Calling: A Gay Man’s Struggles to Serve the Church. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

Glaser, Chris. (1991). Coming Out to God: Prayers for Lesbian and Gay Men, their Families and Friends. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press.

Gorsline, Robin H., and Daniel T. Spencer. (1996). Putting our Bodies on the Line: Markers for Justice; Continuing the Conversation between Lesbians and Gay Men in Religion. Journal of Men’s Studies, 4(3), February, pp. 291-309.

Goss, R. (2002). Queering Christ. Cleveland: Pilgrim.

Green, S. J. D. (1995). “Christian manliness”and the nonconformist tradition in West Yorkshire, c.1880–1920.

Gregg, S. H. (2001). “A truly Christian hero”: religion, effeminacy, and nation in the writings of the Societies for Reformation of Manners. Eighteenth–Century Life, 25,17–28.

Gregory, C. A. (1999). Revivalism, fundamentalism, and masculinity in the United States, 1880—1930. Unpublished Ph.D., University of Kentucky, United States— Kentucky.

Hall, D. E. (Ed.) (1994). Muscular Christianity: embodying the Victorian Age. Cambridge[England]; New York: Cam- bridgeUniversity Press. Contents: Introduction: muscular Christianity: reading and writing the male social body Donald E. Hall; Part I. Foundations of Muscular Christianity: 1. The volcano and the cathedral: muscu- lar Christianity and the origins of primal manliness / David Rosen; 2. On the making and unmaking of mon- sters: Christian socialism, muscular Christianity, and the metaphorization of class conflict / Donald E. Hall; 3. Christian manliness and national identity: the problematic construction of a racially ‘pure’ nation / C. J. W.– L. Wee; Part II: Varieties of Muscular Christianity: 4. Charles Kingsley’s scientific treatment of gender / Laura Fasick; 5. Young England: muscular Christianity and the politics of the body in Tom Brown’s Schooldays / Den- nis W. Allen; 6. Muscular spirituality in George MacDonald’s Curdie Books / John Pennington; 7. ‘Degener- ate effeminacy’ and the making of a masculine spirituality in the sermons of Ralph Waldo Emerson / Susan L. Roberson; Part III. Responses to Muscular Christianity: 8. The confidence man: empire and the decon- struction of muscular Christianity in The Mystery of Edwin Drood / David Faulkner; 9. The re–subjection of ‘Lucas Malet’: Charles Kingsley’s daughter and the response to muscular Christianity / Patricia Srebrnik; 10. Pater’s muscular aestheticism / James Eli Adams.

Hanson, P. (1978). Männliche Metaphern für Gott und die unterschiedliche Behandlung der Geschlechter im alten Testament. In Moltmann–Wendel, E. (Ed.). Frauenbefreiung Biblische und theologische Argumente. München: Kaiser, pp. 81–92.

Harrington, H. R. (1971). Muscular Christianity: a study of the development of a Victorian idea. Thesis (PhD.)— StanfordUniversity. (University Microfilms International, 1976)

Harrington, Henry R. (1977). Charles Kingsley’s Fallen Athlete. Victorian Studies, 21(1), 73–86.

Heuer, A. B. (1993). Effects of Family, Society, and the Church on Men’s Self-image and Their Spirituality: Approaching Ministries in Men. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Luther Northwestern theological Seminary, St. Paul, MN.

Hillerbrand, Hans J. (Ed.) (2004). The Encyclopedia of Protestantism. New York: Routledge. Entries include: Masculinity, Vol. 3, pp. 1175–1176.

Hilton, Bruce. (1992). Can Homophobia Be Cured? Wrestling with Questions that Challenge the Church. Nashville: Abingdon Press.

Holloway, Richard. (ed). (1991). Who Needs Feminism? Male Responses to Sexism in the Church. London: SPC.

Horner, Tom. (1978). Jonathan Loved David: Homosexuality in Biblical Times. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.

Hosgood, Christopher P. (2002). Negotiating lower–middle–class masculinity in Britain: the Leicester Young Men’s Christian Association, 1870–1914. Canadian Journal of History, 37(2), 253–273.

Hughes, T. (1880). The manliness of Christ. Boston: Houghton, Osgood & company.

James, David C. (1996). What Are They Saying About Masculine Spirituality?. New York: Paulist Press.

James, Dobson. (2000). Straight Talk To Men: Recovering the Biblical meaning of manhood. Word Publishing.

Journal of Men’s Studies. (2006). Vol. 14 Issue 3.
Gar E. Kellom and Aaron Raverty / Introduction: The Center for Men’s Leadership and Service at Saint John’s University (265-268).
Aaron Raverty / Are We Monks, or Are We Men? The Monastic Masculine Gender Model According to the Rule of Benedict (269-291).
Tracy Davis, Alvin Thomas, and Chris Sewalish / Exploring the Constructions of Masculine Identities among St. Lucian Men (292-310).
John R. Yoakam / Resources for Gay and Bisexual Students in a Catholic College (311-321).
Adam Beatty, Matthew Syzdek, and Alex Bakkum / The Saint John’s Experience Project: Challenging Men’s Perceptions of Normative Gender Role Conflict (322-336).

Judy, Dwight H. (1992). Healing the Male Soul: Christianity and the Mythic Journey. New York: Crossroad Publishing Company.

Kahl, Brigitte (2000). No Longer Male: Masculinity Struggles behind Galatians 3.28? Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 79, 37–49.

Kahl, Brigitte (2001). Gal 3,28 und das Streitfeld Maskulinität. In Claudia Janssen et al. (Eds.), Paulus. Umstrittene Traditionen – lebendige Theologie. Eine feministische Lektüre. Gütersloh, pp. 129–145.

Kidd, B. (2006). Muscular Christianity and value–centred sport: The Legacy of Tom Brown in Canada. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 23(5), 701–713. Also appears in MacAloon, J. J. (Ed.) (2007). Muscular Christianity and the colonial and post–colonial world. Sport in the global society. London: Routledge.

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