c) Sport and violence against women

Albury, Kath, Moira Carmody, Clifton Evers, and Catharine Lumby (2011). Playing by the rules: researching, teaching and learning sexual ethics with young men in the Australian National Rugby League. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 11(3): 339-351.

Benedict, Jeffrey R. (1998). Athletes and Acquaintance Rape. Sage.

Benedict, Jeffrey R. (year?). Public Heroes, Private Felons: Athletes and Crimes Against Women. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Boeringer, Scot. (1999). Associations of rape-supportive attitudes with fraternal and athletic participation. Violence Against Women, January, 5(1): 81-90.

Brackenridge, Celia. (2001). Spoilsports: Understanding and Preventing Sexual Exploitation in Sport. London; New York: Routledge.

Brown, Theresa J., Kenneth E. Sumner, and Romy Nocera. (2002). Understanding Sexual Aggression Against Women: An Examination of the Role of Men’s Athletic Participation and Related Variables. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Sept., 17(9): 937-952.

Caron, S. L., Halteman, W. A., & Stacy, C. (1997). Athletes and rape: is there a connection?. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 85(3f), 1379-1393.

 Chandler, S., J. Dewaynes, and P. Carroll. (1999). Abusive behaviors of college athletes. College Student Journal, 33(4), 638.

Cleary, Phil. (2004-2005). Footy’s subculture of misogyny. Women Against Violence, Issue 16.

Cleary, Phil. (2004). Football, culture and violence against women: or how the law lets women down. [Lecture delivered at Trades Hall in Melbourne on 30 June 2004.] Overland, no.176, Spring: 69-75.

Coutts, R., K. Reilly, and R. Weatherby. (2005). Contact and non contact sports and sexual aggression within Australian sporting teams: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 8(4).

Cover, Rob. (2015). Vulnerability and Exposure: Footballer scandals, masculine identity and ethics. UWA Publishing.

Craig, Kellina M. (2000). Defeated Athletes, Abusive Mates? Examining Perceptions of Professional Athletes Who Batter. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(11): 1224-1232.

Crosset, T.W., J. Ptacek, M.A. McDonald, and J.R. Benedict (1996). Male student-athletes and violence against women: A survey of campus judicial affairs offices. Violence Against Women, 2, 163-179.

Crosset, Todd W. (1999). Male athletes’ violence against women: A critical assessment of the athletic affiliation, violence against women debate. Quest (Champaign, Ill.) [H.W. Wilson - EDUC], Aug. Vol. 51, Iss. 3.

Enck-Wanzer, S.M. (2009). All’s Fair in Love and Sport: Black Masculinity and Domestic Violence in the News. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 6(1): 1-18.

Farrell, Charles S. (1996). Proposed Legislation Asks Athletes to Fight Domestic Violence: NCAA, Others Worried About Stigma Associated With Sports Figures. Black Issues in Higher Education, Nov 14, Vol. 13, Iss. 17; p. 26.

Fields SK, Collins CL, Comstock RD. Violence in youth sports: hazing, brawling and foul Play. Br J Sports Med 2010; 44: 32–37.

Fields, Sarah K., Christy L. Collins, and R. Dawn Comstock. (2007). Conflict On the Courts: A Review of Sports-Related Violence Literature. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, October, Vol. 8, No. 4: 359-369.

Flood, Michael, and Sue Dyson. (2007). Sport, athletes, and violence against women. NTV Journal, Summer, pp. 37-46. URL: http://www.xyonline.net/content/sport-athletes-and-violence-against-women.

Football Fans Against Sexual Assault. (2005). Towards Champions: A better culture, a better game. Submission to Australian Football League and National Rugby League.

Frintner, M.P., and L. Rubinson. (1993). Acquaintance rape: The influence of alcohol, fraternity membership, and sports team membership. Journal of Sex Education & Therapy, 19: 272-284.

Gage, E. A. (2008). Gender Attitudes and Sexual Behaviors: Comparing Center and Marginal Athletes and Nonathletes in a Collegiate Setting. Violence Against Women, 14(9): 1014-1032.

Gard, Michael. (2001). ‘I Like Smashing People, and I Like Getting Smashed Myself’: Addressing Issues of Masculinity in Physical Education and Sport. In Martino, Wayne and Bob Meyenn. (eds.). What About the Boys? Issues of Masculinity in Schools. Buckingham & Philadelphia: Open University Press

Hemphill, Dennis (ed). (1998). All Part of the Game: Violence and Australian Sport.

Hickey, Christopher, Lindsay Fitzclarence and Russell Matthews. (eds.). (2000). Where The Boys Are: Masculinity, Sport and Education. Melbourne: Deakin University Press

Humphrey, Stephen E., and Arnold S. Kahn. (2000). Fraternities, athletic teams, and rape: Importance of identification with a risky group. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Dec., 15(12): 1313-1322.

Hutchins, B., and J. Mikosza. (1998). Australian rugby league and violence 1970 to 1995: A case study in the maintenance of masculine hegemony. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, v.34 no.3 Nov: 246-263.

Katz, Jackson. (1995). Reconstructing Masculinity in the Locker Room: The Mentors in Violence Prevention Project. Harvard Educational Review, 65(2), Summer, pp. 163-174.

Kift, Sally. (2005). Sport and the law: sex and the team player: When a team becomes a gang. Alternative Law Journal, v. 30 no. 3, June, pp. 136-137, 145.

Kim, Janine Young, and Matthew J. Parlow. (2009). Off-court misbehaviour: sports leagues and private punishment. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 99(3).

Kimble, N. B., S. A. Russo, et al. (2010). Revealing an empirical understanding of aggression and violent behavior in athletics. Aggression and Violent Behavior 15(6): 446-462.

Koss, Mary P, and Cleveland, Hobart H III. (1996). Athletic participation, fraternity membership, and date rape. Violence Against Women, June, Vol. 2, Iss. 2.

Koss, Mary P., and Gaines, J.A. (1993). The prediction of sexual aggression by alcohol use, athletic participation, and fraternity affiliation. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 8 (1), 94-108.

Leichliter, J. S., Meilman, P. W., Presley, C. A., & Cashin, J. R. (1998). Alcohol use and related consequences among students with varying levels of involvement in college athletics. Journal of American College Health, 46(6), 257-262.

Leonard, D. J. (2007). Innocent Until Proven Innocent: In Defense of Duke Lacrosse and White Power (and Against Menacing Black Student-Athletes, a Black Stripper, Activists, and the Jewish Media). Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 31(1): 25-44.

Lyndon, A. E., Duffy, D. M., Smith, P. H., & White, J. W. (2011). The role of high school coaches in helping prevent adolescent sexual aggression: Part of the solution or part of the problem? Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 35, 377-399.

McCauley H.L, Jaime M.C, Tancredi D.J, Silverman J.G, Decker M.R, Austin S.B, Jones K, Miller E. J. (2014). Differences in adolescent relationship abuse perpetration and gender-inequitable attitudes by sport among male high school athletes. Adolesc. Health, ePub, 2014.

McCray, K. L. (2014). Intercollegiate Athletes and Sexual Violence A Review of Literature and Recommendations for Future Study. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838014537907.

McCray, K. L. (2014). Intercollegiate Athletes and Sexual Violence A Review of Literature and Recommendations for Future Study. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 16(4).

McKay, Jim, Michael A. Messner, and Don Sabo. (eds.). (2000). Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (Research on Men and Masculinities Series, No. 13).
Includes;
6. “Be a Buddy to Your Buddy”: Male Identity, Aggression, and Intimacy in a Boxing Gym / de Garis, Laurence.
8. Domestic Violence and Televised Athletic Events: “It’s a Man Thing” / Sabo, Donald F; Gray, Philip M; Moore, Linda A.
9. Athletic Affiliation and Violence Against Women: Toward a Structural Prevention Project / Crosset, Todd W.
10. Booze and Bar Fights: A Journey to the Dark Side of College Athletics / Curry, Timothy Jon.
11. After the War? Soccer, Masculinity, and Violence in Northern Ireland / Bairner, Alan.

McMahon S. (2014). Participation in high school sports and bystander intentions, efficacy to intervene, and rape myth beliefs. J. Interpers. Violence, ePub, 2014.

McMahon S. (2014). Participation in high school sports and bystander intentions, efficacy to intervene, and rape myth beliefs. J. Interpers. Violence, ePub, 2014.

Melnick, Merrill. (1992). Male Athletes and Sexual Assault. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. Reston: May, Vol. 63, Iss. 5; p. 32 (4 pages).

Messner, M. A., and M. A. Stevens. (2002). Scoring Without Consent: Confronting Male Athletes’ Violence Against Women. In Paradoxes of Youth and Sport, edited by M. Gatz, M. A. Messner, and S. J. Ball-Rokeach, 225–241. New York: SUNY Press.


Messner, Michael A. (2002). Taking The Field: Women, Men, and Sports. University of Minnesota Press.

Messner, Michael A., and Donald F. Sabo. (eds.). (1994). Sex, Violence and Power in Sports: Rethinking Masculinity. Freedom, CA: The Crossing Press.

Mewett, P., and K. Toffoletti. (2008). Rogue men and predatory women: Female fans’ perceptions of Australian footballers’ sexual conduct. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 43(2): 165-180.

Miller, K. E. (2009). Sport-related identities and the “toxic jock.” Journal of Sport Behavior, 32, 69-91.

Miller, K. E., Barnes, G. M., Melnick, M. J., Sabo, D. F., & Farrell, M. P. (2002). Gender and racial/ethnic differences in predicting adolescent sexual risk: Athletic participation vs. exercise. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 436-450.

Miller, K. E., Barnes, G. M., Sabo, D. F., Melnick, M. J., & Farrell, M. P. (2002). Anabolic-androgenic steroid use and other adolescent problem behaviors: Rethinking the male athlete assumption. Sociological Perspectives, 45, 467-489.

Miller, K. E., Farrell, M. P., Barnes, G. M., Melnick, M. J., & Sabo, D. F. (2005). Gender/racial differences in jock identity, dating, and adolescent sexual risk. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 123-136.

Murnen, S. and M. Kohlman (2007). Athletic Participation, Fraternity Membership, and Sexual Aggression Among College Men: A Meta-analytic Review. Sex Roles, 57(1): 145-157.

Murnen, S. K., & Kohlman, M. H. (2007). Athletic participation, fraternity membership, and sexual aggression among college men: A meta-analytic review. Sex Roles, 57(1-2), 145-157.

Nelson, Mariah Burton. (1996). Sexual assault as spectator sport. Chapter 7 in The Stronger Women Get, the More Men Love Football: Sexism and the Culture of Sport. London: The Women’s Press.

Nixon, Howard L II. (1997). Gender, sport, and aggressive behavior outside sport. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, November, Vol. 21, Iss. 4.

Nurka, C. (2013). Shame and disgrace in Australian football culture: Rape claims and public affect. Women’s Studies International Forum, Vol. 38, pp. 43-51.

O’Brien, K. S., Kolt, G. S., Martens, M. P., Ruffman, T., Miller, P. G., & Lynott, D. (2012). Alcohol-related aggression and antisocial behaviour in sportspeople/athletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15(4), 292-297.

Palmer, Catherine. (2011). Violence against Women and Sport: A Literature Review. End Violence Against Women. URL: http://www.endviolenceagainstwomen.org.uk/data/files/evaw_violence_against_women_and_sport_dr_c_palmer_july_2011.pdf.

Pappas, Nick T., Patrick C. McKenry, and Beth Skilken Catlett. (2004). Athlete Aggression on the Rink and off the Ice: Athlete violence and aggression in hockey and interpersonal relationships. Men and Masculinities, 6(3), January, pp. 291-312.

Philadelphoff-Puren, Nina. (2004). Dereliction: Women, rape and football. Australian Feminist Law Journal, v. 21, Dec: 35-51.

Robinson, L. (1998). Crossing the Line: Violence and Sexual Assault in Canada’s National Sport. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart.

Russell, G. W. (2004). Sport riots: A social-psychological review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9(4): 353-378.

Sachs, C. J., and L. D. Chu. (2000). The Association Between Professional Football Games and Domestic Violence in Los Angeles County. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(11): 1192-1201.

Safai, Parissa. (2002). Boys Behaving Badly: Popular Literature on the Mis/behaviour of Male Team Sport Athletes in North America. International Review for the Sociology of Sport; 37(1), pp. 97-102.

Sawyer, Robin G., Estina E. Thompson, and Anne Marie Chicorelli. (2002). Rape myth acceptance among intercollegiate student athletes: A preliminary examination. Amerian Journal of Health Studies. Tuscaloosa. 18(1): 19-25.

Schacht, Steven P. (1996). Misogyny On and Off the ‘Pitch’: The Gendered World of Male Rugby Players. Gender & Society, 10(5), October.

Schissel, B. (2000). Boys against girls: The structural and interpersonal dimensions of violent patriarchal culture in the lives of young men. Violence Against Women, 6(9), 960-986.

Segrave, Jeffrey O. (2002). “The lovely evil”: The pregame sex myth and the denigration of women. Violence against Women, 8(1), January, 116-146.

Smith, Dave, and Sally Stewart. (2003). Sexual aggression and sports participation. Journal of Sport Behavior, 26(4), pp. 384-395.

Star, Lynne. (1994). Televised Rugby and Male Violence. Feminist Studies in Aotearoa Electronic Journal, No. 25, August 19.

Toffoletti, K. (2007). How is gender-based violence covered in the sporting news? An account of the Australian Football League sex scandal. Women’s Studies International Forum, 30(5): 427-438.

Warren, I. (2005). Footballers, Culture and Sexual Assault. In Football Fever: Crossing Boundaries, Ed. R. Hess, M. Nicholson and B. Stewart, Melbourne, Maribyrnong Press.

Waterhouse-Watson, D. (2008). All Women Are Sluts: Australian Rules Football and Representations of the Feminine. Australian Feminist Law Journal, 27(2): 155-162.

Welch, Michael. (1997). Violence against women by professional football players: A gender analysis of hypermasculinity, positional status, narcissism, and entitlement. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, November, Vol. 21, Iss. 4.

West, W.G. (1996). Youth Sports and Violence: A Masculine Subculture? In Gary M. O’Bireck, (ed). Not a Kid Anymore: Canadian Youth, Crime, and Subcultures. Toronto, Ontario: Nelson Canada (pp. 309-348).