a) Men, sport, and leisure

Note: Messner and Sabo’s Sex, Violence and Power in Sports, their Sport, Men and the Gender Order, McKay et al.’s Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport, and Messner’s Taking the Field are in many ways the best places to start in the literature in this area.

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Adams, Adi, Eric Anderson, and Mark McCormack. (2010) Establishing and Challenging Masculinity: The influence of Gendered Discourses in Football. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 29(3): 278-300.

Adams, Adi. (2011). “Josh wears pink cleats”: Inclusive masculinity on the soccer field. Journal of Homosexuality, 579-596.

Adams, Mary Louise. (1993). To Be an Ordinary Hero: Male Figure Skaters and the Ideology of Gender. In Haddad, Tony. (ed.). Men and Masculinities: A Critical Anthology. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Adams, Mary Louise. (2005). ‘Death to the Prancing Prince’: Effeminacy, Sport Discourses and the Salvation of Men’s Dancing. Body & Society, 11(4): 63-86.

Anderson, E. (2014). 21st Century Jocks: Sporting Men and Contemporary Heterosexuality. Palgrave Macmillan.

Anderson, E. and M. McCormack (2010). Intersectionality, Critical Race Theory, and American Sporting Oppression: Examining Black and Gay Male Athletes. Journal of Homosexuality 57(8): 949-967.

Anderson, E. and R. McGuire (2010). Inclusive masculinity theory and the gendered politics of men’s rugby. Journal of Gender Studies 19(3): 249-261.

Anderson, E., and M. McCormack. (2010). Comparing black and gay male athletes: Patterns in American oppression. Journal of Men’s Studies, 18(2), 145-158.

Anderson, E., and M. McCormack. (2010). Intersectionality, critical race theory and American sporting oppression: Examining black and gay male athletes. Journal of Homosexuality, 57(8), 949-967.

Anderson, Eric. (2002). Openly gay athletes: Contesting hegemonic masculinity in a homophobic environment. Gender & Society 16(6), December, pp. 860-877.

Anderson, Eric. (2005). In The Game: Gay athletes and the cult of masculinity. Albany, NY: State University of New York.

Anderson, Eric. (2008). ‘Being masculine is not about who you sleep with...’: Heterosexual athletes contesting masculinity and the one-time rule of homosexuality. Sex Roles, 58, 104-15.

Anderson, Eric. (2011a). Updating the outcome: Gay athletes, straight teams, and coming out in educationally based sport teams. Gender & Society, 25(2), 250-268.

Anderson, Eric. (2011b). Masculinities and sexualities in sport and physical cultures: Three decades of evolving research. Journal of Homosexuality, 58(5), 565-578.

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Archetti, Eduardo. (1996). Playing Styles and Masculine Virtues in Argentine Football. In Machos, Mistresses, Madonnas: Contesting the Power of Latin American Gender Imagery. Marit Melhuus & Kristi Anne Stolen. (eds.). London: Verso. 34-55.

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Bairner, Alan. (1999). Soccer, Masculinity, and Violence in Northern Ireland: Between Hooliganism and Terrorism. Men and Masculinities, 1(3), January.

Baker, P. L., & Hotek, D. R. (2011). Grappling with gender: Exploring masculinity and gender in the bodies, performances, and emotions of scholastic wrestlers. Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 1, 1-15.

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Boyd, K. (2006). May the best man win: Sport, masculinity, and nationalism in Great Britain and the empire, 1880-1935. Journal of British Studies, 45(1): 210-212.

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Brown, David and Hoggs, Russell. (1997). Violence, Masculinity and Sport: Governance and the Swinging Arm. UTS Review, 3(1), May.

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Carl, S. (2006). Televised Sports, Masculinist Moral Capital, and Support for the U.S. Invasion of Iraq. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 30(1): 79.

Carrington, B. (1998). Sport, masculinity, and black cultural resistance. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 22(3): 275-298.

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Connell, Raewyn. (2008). Masculinity construction and sports in boys’ education: a framework for thinking about the issue. Sport, Education and Society 13 (2): 131-145.

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Cover, Rob. (2015). Vulnerability and Exposure: Footballer scandals, masculine identity and ethics. UWA Publishing.

Crocket, H. (2013). ‘This is men’s ultimate’: (Re) creating multiple masculinities in elite open Ultimate Frisbee. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48(3), 318-333.

Crotty, Martin. (2003). The making of the Man: Australian public schoolboy sporting violence 1850-1914. The International Journal of the History of Sport, Volume 20, Number 3, September, pp. 1-16.)

Curry, Timothy John. (1991). Fraternal Bonding in the Locker Room: A Pro-Feminist Analysis of Talk About Competition and Women. Sociology of Sport Journal, 8(2), June.

Curry, Timothy John. (1992). A Little Pain Never Hurt Anyone: Athletic Career Socialization and the Normalization of Sport Injury. Gregory Stone Symposium, Las Vegas, February 9.

Curry, Timothy John. (2001). Reply to “A Conversation (Re)analysis of Fraternal Bonding in the Locker Room”. Sociology of Sport Journal, 18(3): pp. 339-344.

David, P. (2006). Sportophobia: Why do some Men Avoid Sport? Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 30(2): 122.

Davis, Laurel. (1997). The Swimsuit Issue and Sport: Hegemonic Masculinity in Sports Illustrated. New York: State University of New York Press.

Davis, N. W. and M. C. Duncan (2006). Sports Knowledge is Power: Reinforcing Masculine Privilege Through Fantasy Sport League Participation. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 30(3): 244.

Davis, N. W., and M. C. Duncan. (2006). Sports Knowledge is Power: Reinforcing Masculine Privilege Through Fantasy Sport League Participation. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 30(3): 244.

Drummond, Murray. (1994). Masculinity from a Feminist Perspective: or How Feminism Helped Create the New Man. Issues in Educational Research. Vol 4 number 2.

Drummond, Murray. (1998). The Social Construction of Masculinity in Sport: An Australian Surf Lifesaving Perspective. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation. Vol 20, number 2.

Drummond, Murray. (2001). Boys’ Bodies in the Context of Sport and Physical Activity: Implications for Health. Journal of Physical Education New Zealand. 34(1), May

Drummond, Murray. (2002). Sport and Images of Masculinity: The Meaning of Relationships in the Life Course of ‘Elite’ Male Athletes. Journal of Men’s Studies, 10(2), Winter.

Duncan, M.C. (1990). Sports Photographs and Sexual Difference: Images of Women and Men in the 1984 and 1988. Olympics. Sociology of Sport Journal, 7.

Dundes, Alan, and Howard F. Stein. (1985). The American Game of ‘Smear the Queer’ and the Homosexual Component of Male Competitive Sport and Warfare. Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology, 8(3), Summer.

Dunning, Eric. (1986). Sport as a Male Preserve: Notes on the Social Sources of Masculine Identity and its Transformations. Theory, Culture and Society, 3(1) .

Duquin, M. (1984). Power and Authority: Moral Consensus and Conformity in Sport. International Review for Sociology of Sport, 19(3/4).

Enquist, Per Olov. (1995). A Man’s Role on the Sports Stage. In Ministry of Health and Social Affairs (Equality Affairs Division), Sweden. (eds.). Men on Men: Eight Swedish Men’s Personal Views on Equality, Masculinity and Parenthood, Sweden (trans. David Canter and Rebecka Charan).

Evers, C. (2004). Men who surf. Cultural Studies Review, v.10, no.1, March: 27-41.

Evers, C. (2006). How to surf. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 30(3): 229-243.

Evers, C. (2010) Intimacy, Sport and Young Refugee Men in Australia. Emotion, Space and Society, 3(1).

Ferber, A. L. (2007). The Construction of Black Masculinity: White Supremacy Now and Then. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 31(1): 11-24.

Fine, Gary Alan. (1987). With the Boys: Little League Baseball and Preadolescent Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Fine, L.M. (2000). Rights of Men, Rites of Passage: Hunting and Masculinity at Reo Motors of Lansing, Michigan, 1945-1975. Journal of Social History. 33(4):805-+, Sum..

Fitzclarence, Lindsay, and Christopher Hickey. (2001). Real Footballers Don’t Eat Quiche: Old Narratives in New Times. Men and Masculinities, 4(2), October, pp. 118-139 .

Free, Marcus, and John Hughson. (2003). Settling Accounts with Hooligans: Gender blindness in football supporter subculture research. Men and Masculinities, 6(2), October.

Gage, E. A. (2008). Gender Attitudes and Sexual Behaviors: Comparing Center and Marginal Athletes and Nonathletes in a Collegiate Setting. Violence Against Women, 14(9): 1014-1032.

Gard, Michael, and Robert Meyenn. (2000). Boys, Bodies, Pleasure and Pain: Interrogating Contact Sports in Schools. Sport, Education and Society, Volume 5, Number 1, March, pp. 19-34.

Gard, Michael. (2001). ‘I Like Smashing People, and I Like Getting Smashed Myself’: Addressing Issues of Masculinity in Physical Education and Sport. In Martino, Wayne and Bob Meyenn. (eds.). What About the Boys? Issues of Masculinity in Schools. Buckingham & Philadelphia: Open University Press

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Gillett, James, and Philip G. White. (1992). Male Bodybuilding and the Reassertion of Hegemonic Masculinity: A Critical Feminist Perspective. Play and Culture, 5(4), November.

Grasmuck, S. (2005). Protecting Home: Class, Race and Masculinity in Boys’ Baseball. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Grundy, Pamela. (2001). The Fire of Rivalry: Men’s College Athletics, 1880-1901. pp. 10-39; IN:; Learning to Win: Sports, Education, and Social Change in Twentieth-Century North Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Hall, M. Ann. (1993). Gender and Sport in the 1990s: Feminism, Culture, and Politics. Sport Science Review, 2.

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Hargreaves, Jennifer. (1986). Where’s the Virtue? Where’s the Grace? A Discussion of the Social Production of Gender Relations In and Through Sport. Theory, Culture and Society, 3(1).

Hartmann, D. (2003). The sanctity of Sunday football: Why men love sports. Contexts, Volume 2, Number 4, November, pp. 13-21.

Harvey, Steven J. (1996). The Construction of Masculinity Among Male Collegiate Volleyball Players. Journal of Men’s Studies, 5(2), November.

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Hemphill, Dennis (ed). (1998). All Part of the Game: Violence and Australian Sport.
Contents;
Martin Crotty: ‘There’s a Tumult in the Distance and a War-Song in the Air: Violence and Sport in the Australian Public School of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century.’
Brett Hutchins: ‘Sporting Violence: History, Theory, Context and Figurations.’
Roy Hay: ‘A New Look at Soccer Violence.’
Roy Hay and Ian Warren: ‘Order and Disorder at Sporting Venues.’
Ian Warren: ‘Violence, Sport and the Law: A Critical Discussion.’
Michael Burke: ‘Is Boxing Violent? Let’s Ask Some Boxers.’
Baydon Beddoe: ‘In the Fight: Phenomenology of a Pugilist.’
Margaret Lindley: ‘Her Beauty and Her Terror: Australian Football and the Community.’
Dennis Hemphill: ‘It’s All Part of Whose Game? A Violence and Sport Commentary.’
Rob Hess: ‘Violence and Sport: Selected Bibliography’.

Hickey, Christopher, Lindsay Fitzclarence, and Russell Matthews. (eds.). (2000). Where The Boys Are: Masculinity, Sport and Education. Melbourne: Deakin University Press

Hill, J. (2005). Sport Stripped Bare: Deconstructing Working-Class Masculinity in “This Sporting Life”. Men and Masculinities, 7(4): 405-423.

Hill, Jeffrey. (2005). Sport Stripped Bare: Deconstructing Working-Class Masculinity in “This Sporting Life”. Men and Masculinities, 7(4), April, pp. 405-423.

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Hughson, J. (2000). The Boys are Back in Town: Soccer Support and the Social Reproduction of Masculinity. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 24(1): 8-23.

Hughson, John. (2000). The Boys are Back in Town: Soccer Support and the Social Reproduction of Masculinity. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. Vol. 24, No. 1, February, pp. 8-23.

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Jaggard, E. (2001). ‘Tempering The Testosterone’: Masculinity, Women and Australian Surf Lifesaving. International Journal of the History of Sport, Volume 18, Number 4, December, pp. 16-36.

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Kennedy, Eileen. (2000). Bad Boys and Gentlemen: Gendered Narrative in Televised Sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, March, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 59-73(15).

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McKay, Jim, Michael A. Messner, and Don Sabo. (eds.). (2000). Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (Research on Men and Masculinities Series, No. 13).
Contents;
Series Editor’s Foreword / Kimmel, Michael S.
 1. Studying Sport, Men, and Masculinities From Feminist Standpoints / McKay, Jim; Messner, Michael A; Sabo, Donald F.
Pt. 1. Everyday Constructions of Hegemonic Masculinity.
2. Wrestling With Gender: Physicality and Masculinities Among Inner-City First and Second Graders / Hasbrook, Cynthia A.; Harris, Othello.
3. Moms, Sisters, and Ladies: Women Student Trainers in Men’s Intercollegiate Sport / Walk, Stephan R.
4. The Morality/Manhood Paradox: Masculinity, Sport, and the Media / Dworkin, Shari Lee; Wachs, Faye Linda.
5. Dueling Machos: Masculinity and Sport in Mexican Baseball / Klein, Alan M.
Pt. 2. Men’s Violence and Sport.
6. “Be a Buddy to Your Buddy”: Male Identity, Aggression, and Intimacy in a Boxing Gym / de Garis, Laurence.
7. Researching Sports Injury: Reconstructing Dangerous Masculinities / Young, Kevin; White, Philip.
8. Domestic Violence and Televised Athletic Events: “It’s a Man Thing” / Sabo, Donald F; Gray, Philip M; Moore, Linda A.
9. Athletic Affiliation and Violence Against Women: Toward a Structural Prevention Project / Crosset, Todd W.
10. Booze and Bar Fights: A Journey to the Dark Side of College Athletics / Curry, Timothy Jon.
11. After the War? Soccer, Masculinity, and Violence in Northern Ireland / Bairner, Alan.
Pt. 3. Contesting the Gender Regime of Sport.
12. Conceptions of Masculinity and Gender Transgressions in Sport Among Adolescent Boys: Hegemony, Contestation, and the Social Class Dynamic / Laberge, Suzanne; Albert, Mathieu.
13. Homosexuality and Sport: Who’s Winning? / Pronger, Brian.
14. Panic Sport and the Racialized Masculine Body / Rowe, David; McKay, Jim; Miller, Toby.
15. Dennis Rodman - Do You Feel Feminine Yet? Black Masculinity, Gender Transgression, and Reproductive Rebellion on MTV / Dunbar, Michelle D

McKay, Jim. (1991). Masculine Hegemony and the Social Construction of Genders. pp. 52-56 in No Pain, No Gain? Sport and Australian Culture. Sydney: Prentice Hall

McKay, Jim. (1991). Phallic Panic in the Media: Sporting Women and Hysterical Men. Paper to the Research on Masculinity and Men in Gender Relations Conference, Australian Sociological Association, Macquarie University, 7-8 June

McKay, Jim. (1993). ‘Marked Men’ and ‘Wanton Women’: The Politics of Naming Sexual ‘Deviance’ in Sport. Journal of Men’s Studies, 2(1), August, pp. 69-87.

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Contents;
Introduction: Toward a Critical Feminist Reappraisal of Sport, Men, and the Gender Order / Michael A. Messner and Donald F. Sabo.
PART I: Theoretical and Historical Foundations.
1: Sport in the Social Construction of Masculinity / David Whitson.
2: The Men’s Cultural Centre: Sports and the Dynamic of Women’s Oppression/Men’s Repression / Bruce Kidd.
3: Masculinity, Sexuality, and the Development of Early Modern Sport / Todd Crosset.
4: Baseball and the Reconstitution of American Masculinity, 1880-1920 / Michael S. Kimmel.
5: Rugby in the 19th Century British Boarding School System: A Feminist Psychoanalytic Perspective / Philip G. White and Anne B. Vagi.
PART II: Contemporary Research.
6: An Iron Man: The Body and Some Contradictions of Hegemonic Masculinity / R.W. Connell.
7: Masculinities and Athletic Careers: Bonding and Status Differences / Michael A. Messner.
8: ‘Cool Pose’: Black Masculinity and Sports / Richard Majors.
9: Football Ritual and the Social Reproduction of Masculinity / Don Sabo and Joe Panepinto.
10: Little Big Man: Hustling, Gender Narcissism, and Body Building Subculture / Alan M. Klein.
11: Gay Jocks: A Phenomenology of Gay Men in Athletics / Brian Pronger.
12: Male Cheerleaders and the Naturalization of Gender / Laurel R. Davis.
13: Women Coaching Male Athletes / Ellen J. Staurowsky.
PART III: Challenges, Changes, and Alternatives.
14: Challenges to Male Hegemony in Sport / Lois Bryson.
15: Women of Color, Critical Autobiography, and Sport / Susan Birrell.
16: Warriors or Wimps? Creating Alternative Forms of Physical Education / Barbara Humberstone.
17: Addressing Homophobia in Physical Education: Responsibilities for Teachers and Researchers / Pat Griffin and James Genasci.
18: How Should We Theorize Gender in the Context of Sport? / M. Ann Hall.
Epilogue / Carole Oglesby
.

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Contents;
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1. Bodnam: Body, Nation, Media.
2. Commodifying the Male Body = Problematizing Hegemonic Masculinity?.
3. Panic Sports and the Racialized Male Body / Toby Miller; Jim McKay; David Rowe.
4. Courting Lesbianism / Toby Miller; Jim McKay; Randy Martin.
Conclusion: Booters with Hooters.

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The Culture of Young Hockey Players: Some Initial Observations / Vaz, E.W.

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32. L.A.West. (2001). ‘Negotiating Masculinities in American Drinking Subcultures’, The Journal of Men’s Studies.
33. J. Hughson. (2000). ‘The Boys Are Back in Town’, Journal of Sport and Social Issues.

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